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Vishnu Shenoy

on 13 May 2010

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Transcript of CRUSADES

First Crusade
"The peoples Crusade" Second Crusade
Third Crusade Before Crusades
Effects of Cusades 4th Crusade
30,000 sign up Third Crusade was
the crusade of
Three Kings
Three Kings:
Richard Lion Heart
from- England
Phillip II Augustus
from- France
Barbarossa- Germany Pope Urban III
dies and his succesor
Pope Gregory VIII issued
(LARGEST CRUSADE, MAY 1189) Pope Urban,promising remitting
Christians of their sins,
whoever joins the crusade.
King Fredrick I, after being excomuunicated
joins the church. King Richard and King Phillip
patch up their differences and join the church.
They go on their expedition to
regain the holy land. Saladin, head of an Islamic army
wants to retake land lost by Christians.
Barbarossa King Phillip II King Richard Map of Third Crusade http://www.fofweb.com/activelink2.asp?ItemID=WE49&iPin=FMG043507&SingleRecord=True For once Christians
had enough money. King Phillip
and Richard raised taxes in their
home lands and called them "Saladin tithe"
These funds supported the crusade. Barbarossa decided to go through the Byzantine
Empire as he passed Turkey he had to
cross a wide river and he drowned. Richard and Philip met at Messina, in Sicily, where they signed an agreement outlining their mutual obligations and rights on the Crusade. On the way there
they King Richard
took over Cyprus. At a point Richard, understood even if the Christians were to regain the Holy Land, they would not be able to hold it. Richard realized that Saladin was extremely couteous to Richard.At the end Saladin and Richard came up with a 3 year treaty for free pilgramage. Crusade ended in 1191. Feudalism is everywhere Viking Invasions No common language,money,
education, peace. Constant war. http://homepages.wmich.edu/~p3carney/Crusades/crusade3.htm Carolingian Empire falls apart and Charlemagne's
heirs become terrible kings Money Crisis occurs and bartering becomes the norm. Fire of Rome still Burns in the East Heads Tails East Roman
money Unemployed knights hear about tales
of numerous riches in the east Pope Urban II received a letter from the
Byzantine Emporor Alexius asking for help
to defeat the Seljuk Turks and retake Jerusalem http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viking_Age http://www.doaks.org/publications/doaks_online_publications/Crusades/CR02.pdf http://nysuperblog.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/02/favre-vikings.jpg http://ancienthistory.about.com/library/bl/bl_pennellhistoryofrome16.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Feudalism Encyclopedia Brittanica
2003 edition
Vol.3 pgs. 355-357 Magna Carta 1215 <1099 1099-1101 2 empires and 2 kingdoms unite to
retake and conquer Jerusalem They were facing these Muslim empires

Great Seljuq Empire




Abbasids Holy Roman Empire Kingdom of
France Kingdom of
England Byzantine Empire http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/First_Crusade Map of 1st Crusade Together they put together a fighting machine with
~ 35,000 men
* 30,000 infantry
* 5,000 cavalry
* 2,000 more extra soliders from later recuits
* 40,000 swords
* 15,000 animals
*1,5000 women and cildren http://static.howstuffworks.com/gif/crusade-3.jpg Encyclopedia Brittanica
2003 edition
Vol.4 pgs. 462-464 Battles won =)
[the main ones by the FERBs]
Siege of Antioch
Battle of Ascalon
Battle of Dorylaeum
Siege of Jerusalem
Siege of Ma'arrat al-Numan
Siege of Nicaea Siege of Antioch was an important battle
It was also the gateway of getting into Jerusalem by land It was the FERBs Vs. the Muslims
20,000 Vs. 200,000
A compromise was reached with the Fatimids to give up Syria but not Palestine
This angered the FERBs
Did the impossible by attacking an army that was 100 times their size
Ironicly they won the battle More people sign up and this is the first battle where reinforcements
Acctual number is not known ~2,000-20,000
Pope plans to vist troops during the battle but never does for some strange reason. FERB Vs. Muslim on a one-on-one battle.
They besieged the city from June 7th to July 15th.
July 15th opened their gates and let all the remaining soliders hack at whatever Crusaders they could
Many women, children, and Jews ran away and regrouped at other forts and camps set up by thier military
Found a new military leader, Godfrey of Bouillon. Last ditch attempt to stop the Crusaders
Point of this battle was to get more leverage against the Muslims. Battle wasn't against the armies listed
Once again it was a total inialation.
Starters get pulled out
Leading the battle a younger commmander took controll. His name was Raymond IV of Toulouse (France) Godfrey Raymond The Crusade is a success
People get back knowledge,riches and a life again http://freepages.genealogy.rootsweb.ancestry.com/~hills333/Raymond_IV_of_Toulouse.jpg http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Holy_Roman_Empire http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:France_Ancient.svg The Crusades by Johnathen Bricks
c 2004 Godfey by Hans Obuck
c 1999 Works Cited

Child, John, Nigle Kelly, and Martyn Whittcock. Theb Crusades. New York: Peter Bedrick, 1994. Print.
Harpur, James. The Crusades: The Two Hundred Years War. New York: Rosen Publisher Group, 2008`.
"Third Crusade." Abc-clio. N.p., 9 Jan. 2010. Web. 2 Mar. 2010. <http://www.abc-clio.com>.
"Third Crusade (1189- 1192)." Facts on File. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 Apr. 2010.
Watts, Franklin. The Crusades: CHristians at War. Danbury, Conneticut: Evans Brothers Limited, 2000.

Killed 2,000,000 to 6,000,000
Christians One of the most important effects of the crusades was on commerce.
They helped to undermine feudalism. Thousands of barons and knights mortgaged or sold their lands in order to raise money for a crusading expedition. The East at the time of the Middle Ages surpassed the West in civilization. Learned from the Muslims 1144-1149 The Second Crusade was launched in 1144 The pope proclaimed the Crusade in 1145
He preached St. Bernard of Clairvaux which inspired many to take up the cross. The Crusade was a disaster.
It was poorly managed
In the 1180s the situation worsened. A new ruler rose in the Muslim World. Saladin.
In 1187 he won two great victories against the Crusaders.
The Second Crusade was led by two of Europe's greatest rulers, King Louis VII of France and Emperor Conrad III of Germany. The Muslims, on the other hand, were enormously encouraged by the collapse of the Second Crusade king Louis VII Conrad III Salah al-Din Yusuf ibn Ayyub (saladin) Secret plan to crush East Rome
Bring East Rome back into West Rome 10,000,000 THe Childrens Crusade http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Children's_Crusade Fictional and factual Crusade Germany and France A boy began preaching in claiming that he had been visited by Jesus to to lead a Crusade to peacefully convert Muslims to Christianity. Marched to Jerusalem Got stuck at river Almost all die Created long-lasting feud
Bible and Qur’an Richard and Philip began to fight over who would be king of the soon-to-be-restored Jerusalem. Philip, disliked Richard's dominance in the crusade and so headed back to France. THE CRUSADES!!
Crusades Renessiance Humanism
Full transcript