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Concessive Clauses and Adverbials

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Denia Navarro

on 7 March 2013

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Transcript of Concessive Clauses and Adverbials

Concessive Clauses and adverbials Despite and in spite of do not introduce a concessive clause. They are rather followed by a noun or a verb+ing form.
Study this example:

"He had enough money."
"He refused to buy a new car."
The above two statements can be combined as follows :

Despite having enough money,
In spite of all his money, he refused to buy a new car.

He refused to buy a new car despite all his money.
in spite of having enough money

Despite / in spite of +a noun,
+ verb + ing.

Despite /in spite of the rain, he walked to the station.
Despite /in spite of being tired, he walked to the station.

1. Although, even though + subject + verb (Concessive clause)

3. In spite of, despite + noun or verb+ing (Not a concessive clause)

2. There are structural similarities between:

•"in spite of", "despite" and "although", "even though"
•"because of", "due to", "owing to", "thanks to" and "because", "since ,"as", "for". (Expressing cause and effect)

"He had enough money."
" He refused to buy a new car."
The above two statements can be combined as follows :

Even though he had enough money, he refused to buy a new car

He refused to buy a new car although he had enough money.
even though

"Although", and "even though" introduce concessive clauses.

Although /even though subject verb
•Although, Even though, Try as I might, Strange as it may seem are followed by subject + verb

(Even though, I tried hard…). •Despite and In spite of are followed by noun or gerund
( In spite of my best efforts,…
Despite asking him several times,…). Concessive Clauses and adverbials Despite / in spite of: Remember Although, even though •A concessive clause is a subordinate clause which can start with although or any of the other words and phrases, and contains a fact or idea that seems to oppose the information in the rest of the sentence.
In the sentence:
Although I tried hard, I couldn’t get to sleep.

we know the outcome will be negative because Although I tried tells us that the second half of the sentence is going to contrast with the first part.
•Even so, Yet, However, and Saying that all appear at the beginning of a sentence, which presents the contrastive consequence or outcome relating to the previous sentence.

I tried hard. Even so, I couldn’t sleep.
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