Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Argument Writing

Terms for students to know when writing an argument
by

Simi Johal

on 24 October 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Argument Writing

Academic Writing

Three objectives of argument writing
to explain
to persuade
to show both sides of an argument

An argument paper must
Have a logical
claim
that is arguable
Support with
reasons
and
evidence
Acknowledgment of opposing side (
counterclaim
) and the
limitations
of the counterclaim
What is Argument Writing?
Claim = Thesis
Your
claim
should answer your
essential question
and should be an arguable statement that requires defense through evidence
It
IS
the same as a thesis
It
IS NOT
the same as the subject or topic

Your
claim
must be a clear, arguable statement with potential
counterarguments
and
evidence
to defend your side.

Which of the following is an arguable
claim
?
Reality TV is popular and several people love watching reality TV shows.
Reality television is an epidemic that is taking over our television programming and harming society in the process.

Claim
Not everyone agrees that reality TV is negative
A claim made to oppose or rebut another claim/reason.
You must anticipate potential counterclaims for your paper, and address them.

Reason
- Reality television glorifies bad behavior by not only rewarding, but encouraging, fighting, drinking, swearing, and general debauchery.

Counterclaim
- Despite the despicable behavior of many of these so-called stars, some have pointed out that reality TV encourages people to improve themselves and achieve their dreams.

Counterclaim evidence:
Biggest loser
Counterclaims
Your group's "big idea"
The question your group will answer in its paper
Has no simple "right" answer
Should provoke and sustain inquiry
Should address big conceptual or philosophical ideas

Think back to the SIRS intro and some potential "
essential questions
" for your group.

Examples:
Is alcoholism caused by a lack of willpower?
Are human activities causing global warming?
Is high stakes testing causing students to cheat
Essential Question
Argument Writing
Terms you must know
You use reasons every day
Reasons
are the different justifications for your claim that demand evidence and logic.

Once you have an
essential question
and a
claim
, you must decide on the
reasons
to support your claim.
Ultimately each member of your group will focus on one
reason
to write about for the paper.

Claim
- Reality television is an epidemic that is taking over our television programming and harming society in the process.
Reasons
- Reality television glorifies bad behavior by not only rewarding, but encouraging, fighting, drinking, swearing, and general debauchery.
Reasons
Evidence
Evidence supports your claim
Specific examples, facts, and data to support your reason.
You will find your
evidence
through research.
Evidence
should be
factual statements
, not your opinion.
Find the most effective
evidence
possible in your research. Don't settle for the first source you find.
You can quote your source, or paraphrase it, but either way
Evidence must be cited!

The limitations of T-Mobile
Once you have identified possible counterclaims, you must find the
limitations
of those counterclaims.
Limitation
: a weakness or handicap

By identifying
limitations
of a
counterclaim
, you predict possible disagreements, and address them before someone can even bring it up. This is the strongest way to make an
argument
.
Limitations
Remember:
Arguable
means there is more than one side.
Example
The major point here is that counterclaims are meant to help you make your argument. Don't bring them up without shooting them back down.
Limitation
:Because the winners of these shows are often thrust into stardom without acclimation, they go to extremes to win, and end up hurting themselves in the process. Though there may be isolated benefits, the hard truth is that this genre of television is deceitful, vapid trash that portrays no “reality” with which any sane person can identify.
We will practice with the essential question:

Question: Do people benefit from forms of entertainment that show so-called reality, or are such forms of entertainment harmful?
Quote:
Alessandra Stanley of the New York times calls them "well-groomed, ill-mannered women who volunteer to drink, squabble and spend in exchange for reality-show recognition" (Stanley 2).

Paraphrase:
These women voluntarily drink and fight with each other in order to become famous (Stanley 2).
Review the full paragraph examples on the bottom of your note sheet


Highlight and label the reason, evidence, counter-claim, limitations
Warm-up 5/7/16
Consider the following essential question:
Can the increase in academic cheating be blamed on the amount of pressure students feel to succeed?

Write a claim that answers the question (pick a side) and defend that claim with reasons and evidence. Explain it thoroughly in 5-6 sentences.
Consider the following essential question:
Should the U.S. military target teenagers in its recruitment efforts?

Write a claim that answers the question (pick a side) and defend that claim with reasons and evidence. Explain it thoroughly in 5-6 sentences.
Warm-up 5/9/16
Full transcript