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Civil War Generals by Michael Ong, Andrew Huynh
Transcript of Civil War Generals by Michael Ong, Andrew Huynh
Robert E. Lee
Joseph E. Johnston
William Tecumseh Sherman
Ulysses S. Grant
Born Jan 21, 1824 and graduated from West Point in 1846, and began his official military career with the US Army as a Bravet 2nd lieutenant in the Mexican-American War.
Born in 1807, Graduated from West Point in 1829, he was Brigadier general of the Confederate Army of the Shenandoah.
- William Sherman's father died in 1829 and he ended up living with senator Thomas Ewing
-Born in 1822, Ulysses S. Grant was a Civil War hero.
-He went to West Point rather against his will and graduated in the middle of his class.
- He sought to win control of the Mississippi Valley. In February 1862 he took Fort Henry and attacked Fort Donelson. When the Confederate commander asked for terms, Grant replied, "No terms except an unconditional and immediate surrender can be accepted." The Confederates surrendered, and President Lincoln promoted Grant to major general of volunteers.
-He was appointed General-in-Chief in March 1864. In April 9, 1865, at the Appomattox Court House, Lee surrendered.
-He was elected President in 1868, and sought for re-election in 1872, died in 1885.
-Born March 6 1831.
-His first battle at Booneville, MS, impressed his superiors so much he got promoted.
- He had a famous campaign during the war called "The Burning" where he destroyed barns, mills, railroads, and factories destroying Confederate resources.
- He surrounded Lee during the spring of 1865 and forced him to surrender, Sheridan was a hero to many northerners and Gen. Grant held him in the highest esteem. He was not without faults though he pushed Grant's orders to the limit.
- In 1888 he was promoted to General of the Army of the United States. He died in August 1888 from heart attacks
Union Generals and Confederate Generals
- When Gen. Grant was promoted to commander of all the United States Army, Sherman was promoted to commander of all troops on the Western Theatre
Robert Lee was born from the revolutionary war hero, Henry Lee.
Robert Lee was a general who commanded on of the most famous and successful Confederate Armies. It was called the Army of North Virginia.
- Used Modern Warfare tactics, he marched
his famous "March to the sea."
- He rose to rank of full general,
chief of army 1869-1883, and died
- Total Population
9,100,000 (3.5 million were slaves)
- Total Population
- Born 1808 and was a Mexican War hero, U.S. senator from Mississippi, U.S. secretary of war and president of the Confederate States of America for the duration of the American Civil War .
- Argued against secession, but after Mississippi
seceded he was elected president of the Confederate States of America in 1861
In May 1865, several weeks after the Confederate surrender, Davis was captured, imprisoned and charged with treason, but never tried.
- Born Feb. 12, 1809
- He was a captain in the Black Hawk War, spent eight years in the Illinois legislature, and rode the circuit of courts for many years.
- When he was elected President in 1860, in his inaugural address, he assured the seceded states that he meant them no harm
- Lincoln wanted it to be easy for southern states to rejoin the Union
- Although the Union won the Confederates
were let off rather easy by Lincoln
- As soon as ten percent of a state's voters swore
an oath of loyalty to the United States, voters could organize a new state government
- The Union suffered about over 360,000 dead while the Confederates suffered about 260,000
He surrendered after a 9-month siege but is still
considered a hero to the southern cause.
He died on Oct. 12, 1870
He was commander of the Confederate Army and he used brilliant and aggressive tactics to defeat his enemies. His Army of Northern Virginia was one of the most famous and successful of the Confederate armies. During the Civil War he realized the key to victory was a victory in the north. By the summer of 1864 the Confederates had been forced into waging trench warfare.
Resigned in 1851, and taught at Virginia Military Institute in Lexington, Virginia.
Start of the Civil War he took the title of Brigadier general and in 1861 was promoted to major general and dispatched to Shenandoah Valley. In May 2, 1863 Jackson was wounded by friendly fire and died 8 days later of pneumonia.
Original commander of the Army of Northern Virginia but was removed after he was wounded
He had fallouts with Confederate President Jefferson Davis and was replaced by Robert E. Lee.
He surrendered to Sherman at Durham Station, North Carolina in April 26, 1865