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Project-based vs. Inquiry-based vs. Discovery-based Learning
Transcript of Project-based vs. Inquiry-based vs. Discovery-based Learning
-end result demonstrates what they have learned
-work that matters... skills based
-emphasizes collaboration, communication, and critical
-results in deeper understanding and knowledge,
increased motivation, differing end results: students
create their own learning opportunities our interpretation What is Discovery-based Learning? - Discovery learning is an inquiry-based, constructivist learning theory that takes place in problem solving situations where the learner draws on his or her own past experience and existing knowledge to discover facts and relationships and new truths to be learned.
-Students interact with the world by exploring and manipulating objects, wrestling with questions and controversies, or performing experiments. As a result, students may be more more likely to remember concepts and knowledge discovered on their own (in contrast to a transmissionist model).
-the target information must be discovered by the learner within the confines of the task and its material.
a systematic teaching method that engages students in learning essential knowledge and life-enhancing skills through an extended, student-influenced inquiry process structured around complex, authentic questions and carefully designed products and tasks. What is Inquiry-based Learning? - begins with posing a question, and collecting data and information
- converts data and information into useful knowledge, which can be applied to real life
- IBL helps us to understand natural and human based worlds
- not about seeking the right answer, but to seek resolutions to questions and issues
- builds skills and attitudes, which supports life long learning - Question
- Experimental Design
- Analyze Data
- Reach Conclusions
- Communicate Results Inquiry-based Learning Checklist -guided discovery, problem-based learning, simulation-based learning, case-based learning, incidental learning, among others.
Proponents of this theory believe that discovery learning has many advantages, including:
encourages active engagement
promotes autonomy, responsibility, independence
the development of creativity and problem solving skills. What and Why? Curley's Cabin The Issue - Enbridge averages about 60 spills a year. Based on Enbridge's average spill rate (7.7 barrels per billion barrel-miles), the Northern Gateway pipeline is expected to spill 160,000 litres of oil per year on average. That's a lot of oil, especially when you're crossing 1,000 rivers and streams, including the Fraser and Skeena watersheds (two of BC's most important salmon watersheds).
- A modern supertanker can carry more than 300 million litres of oil. The Exxon Valdez spilled one-third that much.
- More than 130 first nations have signed the Save the Fraser declaration and the Coastal First Nations declaration banning oil tankers and pipelines in their territories.
- 45,000 jobs rely on the fishing and ocean recreation sectors in BC. Enbridge promises 560 long-term jobs. We're risking 80 jobs for every one we stand to gain.
- About 50% of the oil Canadians use is imported from foreign markets.