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Karina Esparza

on 5 November 2013

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Transcript of Jupiter

Discovery of Jupiter
No one can really say that they first discovered Jupiter first because it is one of the five planets that can be seen with the naked eye. But some of the first explorations of Jupiter was in 1610 when Galileo Galilei saw Jupiter and four of its orbiting moons.
Diameter & Radius
The Diameter of Jupiter is about 89,000 miles.

The radius is 43,441 miles.
Mass & Density
Jupiter's mass is 1.898E27 kg, 317 times greater than Earth's.

Jupiter's density is1.33 g/cm³.
Jovian or Terrestrial?
Jupiter is a Jovian planet meaning that it's mostly made of gases and dust particles
Jupiter is the fifth planet from the sun.
Distance from the Sun
Jupiter orbits the sun at an average of 484 million miles.
Direct Rotation
Jupiter rotates clockwise.
Orbital Rotation
Jupiter/s Orbital period is 12 years.
Axial Tilt
Jupiter's axial tilt is 3 degrees, which means that its basically always the same season.
-184 degrees Fahrenheit (at cloud top)
Atmospheric Composition
Jupiter is composed almost entirely of hydrogen and helium.
The weather on Jupiter is hectic. Storms that grow up thousands of km within hours, some winds at 360 kph, and storms that last for hundreds of years. Lightening on Jupiter can be a thousand times as powerful as lightning on the Earth.

Length of Solar Day
A day on Jupiter is an impressive 9.9 hours, also called sidereal rotation period.
Role of Sunlight
Role of Internal Activity
Spinning core creates magnetic field
Creates different bands on Jupiter.
By: Alex Flores and Karina Esparza
Planet Composition
The crust of Jupiter is mostly made up of gaseous hydrogen. The mantle has pressurized hydrogen and liquid hydrogen. The core is made of rock, metals, and hydrogen compounds.
Number of Satellites
Jupiter has 63 moons. Jupiters 3 biggest moons are Io, Callisto, and Europa.
The 1st of the Galilean moons of Jupiter. It is composed of silicate rock surrounding a molten iron sulfide core. It is the most volcanically active place in our solar system.
Callisto is the outermost of the 4 Galilean moons. It has a large diameter of 3,000 miles. Its surface includes water ice,carbon dioxide, and silicates.
Europa is an ice-covered ocean planet made of silicate rock and likely has an iron core. Europa is one of the smoothest objects in the Solar System.
Ring Structures
Jupiter's ring system is made up of dust particles beginning at 62,000 miles to 137,880 miles
Escape Velocity
59.5 km/s
The Great Red Spot
The largest most well-known storm system, much like a hurricane, So big that 2 Earths could fit inside. The persistence of this storm is related to the fact that it never comes in contacts with land.
1994 Comet Shoemaker Levy 9
The 1994 Comet Shoemaker Levy 9 was a comet that broke apart and struck Jupiter. It passed Jupiter's tidal forces had started to tear apart the comet. The scars that it left on Jupiter's southern hemisphere were more prominent that the Great Red Spot.
5 Fun Facts
Jupiter has a very strong magnetic field, you would weigh 2 and a half times as much as would weigh on Earth.
Jupiter has 4 moons circling around it bigger than Pluto.
The only gravitational pull stronger than Jupiter is the Sun's.
It is gradually slowing down due to the tidal drag produced by the Galilean satellites.
Jupiter is named after the king of roman gods.
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