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The Vietnam War

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Beau Martinez

on 22 October 2012

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Transcript of The Vietnam War

Events leading up to the War Cont. September 22, 1945-French Prisoners of war and occupying civilians attack the VietMinh, killing civilians
September 24, 1945-The VietMinh retaliate and violence continues to ensue.
September 26, 1945-The first American death in Vietnam occurs.
October 1945- VietMinh begin a guerilla war on the French occupying Vietnam.
March 1946-Ho Chi Minh, a Democratic Political leader convinces France to recognize his Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
July 1949- France Establishes Southern Vietnamese National Army.
October 1949- Mao Zedong's Communist army gains power in China. Events leading up to the War July 1945: Vietnam is divided in half at the 16th parallel in order to eliminate the Japanese forces stationed there during World War II.
The Chineses Nationalists took control of North Vietnam and The British took control of South Vietnam
July 1945: France requests and is granted all of their former land stakes in Southeastern Asia, including Vietnam. The Vietnam War The Vietnam War began on November1, 1955 and lasted all the way until April 30, 1975. It has been one of the most controversial wars that the United States has ever been. It was also one of the first wars to have media coverage on, which brought the war from the battlefield into the homes of nearly every American. The United States did little at first as far as entering the war, but it ended up being one of the most costly wars that we have ever been included in.
The following is a chronologically ordered timeline that details major events throughout the Vietnam War The United States Enters the War in Vietnam October 1949- The United States calls for an outcry against the spread of Communism in Southeast Asia.
January 1950- China and the Soviet Union recognize Ho Chi Minh's Democratic Republic of Vietnam.
February 1950- The United States and Britain recognize Bao Dai's control over South Vietnam.
McCarthyism runs rampant throughout the United States especially amongst politicians.
June 30, 1950- The United States deploy troops to Korea after the Communist North invaded the South.
July 26, 1950- The United States begins military involvement in Vietnam by supporting the French. The United States Enter the War in Vietnam Cont. January 20, 1953- Dwight D. Eisenhower is inaugurated as the 34th United States President.
July 27, 1953- The war in Korea ends with a compromise dividing the country into Communist North and Democratic South. (Possible solution in Vietnam?)
January 1955- The United States ships military aid to the Southern Vietnamese and offers to provide military training as well.
October 23, 1955- An election is held in Vietnam which is rigged by the United States in favor of Prime Minister Diem. The United States Enters the War in Vietnam Cont. January 1957- The United States refuses a proposal to maintain a separated Vietnam mainly because they refuse to acknowledge Communism in the North.
July 8, 1959- Two Military advisers are killed in Vietnam. First American deaths during Vietnam War including the United States
January 20, 1961- John F. Kennedy is inaugurated as the 35th U.S. President.
May 1961- President Kennedy sends 400 Green Beret's to South Vietnam to train South Vietnamese soldiers.
October 24, 1961-16,000 American Military Advisers are sent to aid the Southern Vietnamese. December 1961- The United States spending in Vietnam Totals One Million Dollars per day.
January 15, 1962- President Kennedy assures that Americans in Vietnam are not engaging in combat.
March 1962- The Southern Vietnamese forces begin air strikes against the Viet Cong. Some of these were at the hands of American Pilots.
August 1962- President Kennedy signs the Foreign Assistance Act of 1962 which provides aides countries threatened by Communism. United States Enters Cont. June-August 1963- Many Buddhists riot in South Vietnam which leads to much more radical demonstrations of protest. United States Enters Cont. July 4, 1963-The CIA is notified that a military Coup may strike Diem.
August 26, 1963- President Kennedy considers supporting the coup against Diem.
November 1, 1963- The coup strikes and is made to seem that the United States has no affiliation to the coup.
November 2, 1963- The coup is successful and Diem and his brother surrender. They are then assassinated on the way into custody. United States Cont. The United States Entering Cont. November 1, 1964- The first attack by the Viet Cong against Americans occurs at Bien Hoa Air Base. 5 Americans killed.
March 2, 1965- Operation Rolling Thunder begins which is a three year Air Volley in Vietnam. Nearly 8 million tons of bombs were dropped on Vietnam.
March 8, 1965- The first U.S. combat troops arrive in Vietnam. 3,500 Marines join 23,00 advisors already stationed.
March 29, 1965- Viet Cong terrorists bomb the U.S. embassy.
May 3, 1965- The first U.S. Army combat troops arrive in Vietnam. 3,500 soldiers.
July 28, 1965-U.S. Military presence is increased to 125,00 men and the draft seeks 35,000 soldiers per month. United States in Vietnam November 22, 1963- President John F. Kennedy is Assassinated in Dallas, TX.
Vice President Lyndon B. Johnson becomes the 36th U.S. President and declares he will not lose Vietnam.
1964- President Johnson considers the bombing of North Vietnam.
August 2-4, 1964- A single shot is fired at the U.S.S. Maddox which then leads to a barrage of bullets being fired on North Vietnam forces by Southern speed boats supported by the United States. This followed with an attack by U.S. battleships and Navy Fighter bombers. Two U.S. Navy Jets are shot down at this point.
August 7, 1964- Gulf of Tonkin Resolution signed and allows the president to use armed force to prevent attacks against the U.S. forces. January 20, 1969- Richard M. Nixon is inaugurated as the 37th U.S. President.
March 17,1969 President Nixon authorizes Operation Menu which was the secret bombing of Cambodia.
April 30, 1969- U.S. troop levels peak at 543,400. 33,641 Americans have been killed.
July 8,1969- The first U.S. troop withdrawal of 800 troops are sent home. The rest will occur in 14 stages from July 1969 through November 1972.
September 5, 1969- The U.S. Army brings murder charges agains Lt. William Calley concerning the massacre of My Lai in March of 1968.
September 16, 1969- President Nixon orders the withdrawal of 35,000 soldiers.
January 4, 1971-President Nixon announces "the end is in sight."
April 29,1871-Total American deaths in Vietnam surpass 45,000
July 1, 1971-6100 American Soldiers depart Vietnam.
April 30, 1975-At 8:35 am, the last Americans leave Vietnam. The End of the Vietnam War A Buddhist Monk Engulfs Himself in Fire In Protest of the course of the War In Vietnam A little girl fleeing naked from the horrible massacre at My Lai Fighter Bombers dropping bombs over Vietnam A Magazine Cover that was Published during the Vietnam War Works Cited Buddhist Monk Protest Image: Accessed on 20 October 2012 from buddho.wordpress.com Images cited The History Place. "The History Place -Vietnam Timeline." The History Place - VietnamTimeline. The History Place, 4 July 1996. Web. 19 Oct. 2012.
http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1945.html The History Place. "The History Place - VietnamTimeline." The History Place - Vietnam Timeline. The History Place, 4 July 1996. Web. 19 Oct. 2012.
http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1961.html The History Place. "The History Place - Vietnam Timeline." The History Place - Vietnam Timeline. The History Place, 4 July 1996. Web. 19 Oct. 2012.
http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1965.html The History Place. "The History Place - Vietnam Timeline." The History Place - VietnamTimeline. The History Place, 4 July 1996. Web. 19 Oct. 2012.
http://www.historyplace.com/unitedstates/vietnam/index-1969.html POW Image: Accessed on 20 October 2012 from warchat.org Life Magazine Image: Accessed on 20 October 2012 from hyoyoung.wordpress.com Little Girl fleeing My Lai Image: Accessed on 20 October 2012 from ows.edb.utexas.edu Bombing of Vietnam Image: 20 October 2012 from en.wikipedia.org
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