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Europe, Russia, and the Republics Persia Chart Part 2: France
Transcript of Europe, Russia, and the Republics Persia Chart Part 2: France
Government Type: republic
Chief: President Francois Hollande
Head: Prime Minister Jean-Marc Ayrault
The French parliament is a bicameral legislature comprising a National Assembly (Assemblée Nationale) and a Senate. The National Assembly deputies represent local constituencies and are directly elected for 5-year terms. The Assembly has the power to dismiss the cabinet, and the majority in the Assembly determines the choice of government. Senators are chosen by an electoral college for 6-year terms and one half of the seats are submitted to election every 3 years.
GDP/GNP- 2612.90 billion US dollars in 2012/ 2,034,214,000,000 in 2011
GDP per capita- 34239.89 US dollars in 2012
Industries -food industry, chemical industry, pharmaceutical industry, motor vehicle industry and many others just to mention a few. France is the world's fifth largest exporter of goods (mainly durables). The country ranks fourth in services and third in agriculture (especially in cereals and the agri-food sector). It is leading producer and exporter of farm produce in Europe.
Economic Level - France has the world's fifth largest economy, he second largest economy in Europe
Economic Activity – Tourism, agriculture
Type of economic system - The nation of France has a mixed economic system. The mixed economy is a combination of private and state enterprise with intervention by the government.
Holy Book - Bible, Torah, Koran
Beliefs/Teachings France is a country where freedom of religion and freedom of thought are guaranteed by virtue of the 1789 Declaration of the Rights of Man and of the Citizen. The Republic is based on the principle of laïcité (or "freedom of conscience") enforced by the 1880s Jules Ferry laws and the 1905 French law on the Separation of the Churches and the State. Roman Catholicism, the religion of a majority of French people, is no longer the state religion that it was before the 1789 Revolution and throughout the various, non-republican regimes of the 19th century (the Restoration, the July Monarchy and the Second French Empire). The religion(s) of France include: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, Muslim.
Deities God, Jesus, Mohammed
Monotheistic/Polytheistic - Monotheistic
Family While women are playing a greater role in family life and business, many still see it as a male-dominated culture. There is an open attitude toward sex outside of marriage. Even the country’s top politicians have been known to carry out extramarital affairs without making an effort to conceal them, about half of children are born to unmarried couples
Gender Relation - On average, women spend almost 3 and a half hours doing housework whereas men only spend 2 hours cleaning, dusting and ironing. Women also spend twice as much time taking care of children or dependent adults. In a couple, women take care of the day-to-day work, the less valued tasks whereas men take care of lasting and visible tasks such as gardening or do it yourself.
Social Classes he modern social structure in France started in the late 1950s and is based on three distinct classes.
The first and highest class is made up of the high level politicians, the wealthy families and the also powerful business owners Following the higher class people, the middle class group comprises two different types of white-collar jobs. Senior executives of companies and the groups in which the professional jobs are included which include high income and are more or less stable. The lower class comprises blue-collar jobs where many people are in food-service jobs or work in retail. The unemployment level and the low living standards are very common in this group. Due to the shift to industry, the number of blue-collar jobs has decreased and the workforce in the civil service section has steadily increased.
Entertainment Television, Films, Music, Theatre, Literature and Art
Lifestyles People in France tend to be more formal than in the US
Art and Music France has produced a number of legendary romantic composers, while folk and popular music have seen the rise of the chanson and cabaret style. Since the foundations of modern-day Europe were laid down in the times of Charlemagne - king of the Franks and Holy Roman Emperor who died in 814 - France has been a major player, and at times the major player, on the European stage.
Writing/Literature French literature has been for French people an object of national pride for centuries, and it has been one of the most influential components of the literature of Europe. As of 2006, French writers have been awarded more Nobel Prizes in Literature than novelists, poets and essayists of any other country. France itself ranks first in the list of Nobel Prizes in literature by country
Philosophy French philosophy, has been extremely diverse and has influenced Western philosophy as a whole for centuries, from the medieval scholasticism of Peter Abelard, through the founding of modern philosophy by René Descartes, to 20th century existentialism, phenomenology and structuralism.
Math and Science Since the Middle Ages, France has been a major contributor to scientific achievement . Around the beginning of the 11th century Pope Sylvester II reintroduced the abacus and armillary sphere, and introduced Arabic numerals and clocks to northern and western Europe. n the 17th century, René Descartes defined a method for the acquisition of scientific knowledge, while Blaise Pascal became famous for his work on probability and fluid mechanics.
Education/Literacy Rate Primary education; Secondary education); Higher education (The following degrees are recognized by the Bologna Process (EU recognition): Licence and Licence Professionnelle (Bachelor);Master (Master);Doctorat (Doctorate)/99% age 15 and over can read and write (2003 est.)
Architecture French architecture ranks high among that country's many accomplishments. French styles of architecture include Gallo-Roman; Pre-Romanesque; Romanesque; Medieval; Renaissance; Baroque; Rococo; Neoclassicism; Second Empire; Beaux Arts; Art Nouveau & Art Deco; Modernist and Contemporary
Technology Science and technology in France has a long history dating back to the Acádémie des Sciences, founded by Louis XIV in 1666, at the suggestion of Jean-Baptiste Colbert, to encourage and protect the spirit of French scientific research. France's achievements in science and technology have been significant throughout the past centuries as France's economic growth and industrialization process was slow and steady along the 18th and 19th centuries. Research and development efforts form an integral part of the country's economy.
Much of its landscape is dominated by plains and low, rolling hills.
France also has numerous islands, off of Atlantic and English Channel coastlines in Brittany and Normandy, and along the Mediterranean. The island of Corsica in the Mediterranean is country's largest.
Several notable landforms can be found in France, particularly in the eastern and southern parts of country. They include the Alps, Jura Mountains, Pyrenees, Massif Central and the Gorges du Verdon
Movement/Push-Pull Factors Push : Racism, low salaries, bullying, not enough jobs. Pull: Technology job opportunities, lower taxes enjoyment and education.
Human Environment Interaction
In France, people use nuclear power to produce energy. These nuclear power factories also produce a huge amount of smoke and chemicals. They try to offset this by planting plenty of green trees.
Climate/Vegetation: Climate: Mild and temperate./ Vegetation: wheat and other cereals, sugar beets, forest takes up another big share of the country, wiht deciduous trees (oaks, beeches) or fir forests. Wineyards, intensive fruit or vegetable farming,
Resources coal, iron ore, bauxite, zinc, uranium, antimony, arsenic, potash, feldspar, fluorospar, gypsum, timber, fish.
Europe, Russia, and the Republics Persia Chart Part 2: France