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Transcript of Re-Urbanisation
on the extent to which recent changes in the city have served the needs of local communities.
2. Identify reason for the initial decline of an urban area.
[5 marks] Redevelopment of Urban Areas Gentrification A TASK
1. Make a list of positive and negative consequences of re-urbanisation.
2. Match up the four types of re-urbanisation with their definition. Re-Urbanisation Population of Manchester City Centre 23,295 The movement of people and economic activities back into city centres. Chaz, Gabz and Andz 3. Previously thriving residential
industrial areas become derelict. 2. The attractiveness of the city centre is drastically reduced... 1. Inadequate housing, transport problems, pollution and over population cause decline in the inner city 4. Large scale investment programmes, drawn up by government, lead to urban regeneration ...this leads to
counter-urbanisation City Centre Population Time Population DEFINITION What people want... Re-Urbanisation is the increasing number of people moving back into inner-urban areas having previously lived in the suburbs or outside the urban area Manchester grew rapidly during the 19th century, due to Lancashire cotton textile industry. The docks in Manchester closed, and Salford Quays development plan came into action after the surround land to the docks were left empty.
The inner urban redevelopment has resulted in new residential, commercial offices leisure and recreational buildings. The derelict city had become transformed Businesses began to decline, which means factories and warehouses closed and unemployment was a major problem. Many factories moved to Liverpool as they benefited from the access to the ocean going ships. Causes Push factors Increasing popularity in rural settlements increases property prices and overall cost of living Rural communities struggle to withstand the strain of a rapidly increasing population Schools, places of worship and other communities cannot accommodate the large numbers. Pull Factors Jobs Cheaper Housing Less Commuting Better services Cost of Living decreases The transport links in Manchester were improved with a new tramway to allow easier access to the city centre. This reduced congestion within the city Minimal crime
Best possible health services
Low levels of pollution
Low cost of living
Good shopping facilities
Employment prospects INFILL New development on formerly vacant land INTENSIFICATION Expanding the use of an existing structure to increase the number of people who can live and work there ADAPTIVE REUSE A change in the use of a structure that results in more residences or jobs Redevelopment Converting a site from one use to another small part of re-urbanisation where high income families is move back into the city centres. this improves property value and therefore displaces lower income families and smaller businesses. Lower Classes Upper/Middle Classes Gentrification http://maps.google.co.uk/maps?hl=en&q=salford%20quays&bav=on.2,or.r_gc.r_pw.&bvm=bv.41934586,d.ZG4&biw=1280&bih=929&wrapid=tlif136014896038911&safe=active&surl=1&um=1&ie=UTF-8&sa=N&tab=wl Intensification Redevelopment Infill Adaptive
Reuse New development on formerly vacant land Expanding the use of an existing structure to increase the number of people who can live and work there A change in the use of a structure that results in more residences or jobs Converting a site from one use to another Match Up City Other renovation projects in Manchester