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Transcript of South Korea
When greeting, the younger or lower status person bows to the older or higher status one. Handshake is very common between friends and people of the same age or status.
The oldest or most senior person is the one who starts the eating process and who is served first.
When entering a Korean home, you must remove your shoes. To do anything less, is a sign of disrespect.
In Ancient South Korea, they wrote in Chinese characters. Now they write in the Hangul alphabet which was promulgated by King Sejong the great, the fourth King of Joseon dynasty in 1443. It's composed of 14 consonants and 10 vowels that can be combined together to form different syllabic groups. It is simple yet systematic and comprehensive.
Korean Traditional Marriage in Yongin, South Korea
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~ Seollal (Korean New Year's Day): Celebrated the first day of the Korean lunar calendar, it's one of the most important of the traditional Korean holidays, and more important than the solar New Year's Day.
~ Independence Movement Day - March 1st
~ Children’s Day - May 5th
~ Buddha’s Birthday - 8th day of 4th lunar month
~ Liberation Day - August 15th
~ Chuseok (Midautumn Festival) - (15th day of 8th lunar month: Korean traditional Harvest Festival.
~ National Foundation Day - October 3: Founding of the Korean nation in 2333 B.C.
~ Christmas - December 25th.
South Korean mainstream culture generates significant exports to various parts of the world. This phenomenon is often called "Hallyu" or "Korean Wave".
In the first half of 2012, K-pop grossed nearly US$3.4 billion, and was recognized by Time magazine as "South Korea's Greatest Export". Many K-pop stars and groups are also well known abroad, especially in other parts of Asia.
Freedom of religion
Adopted on January 25, 1950
White background - Peace and Purity
Center - Yin and Yang
Symbols - Four Universal Elements
A man over 18 and a woman over 16 may marry with consent; over 20 may marry freely
The individual must get consent from the whole family
In ancient times, weddings were held in the bride's yard or house
Modern day weddings are in 'wedding halls' or ballrooms
Same-sex marriage is not recognized in South Korea.
Government: Unitary presidencial constitucional republic
President: Park Geun-hye. South Korea's first female president.
Area: 100.210 square kilometres
Official Language: Korean
Official Writing System: Hangul
Settlers came to Korea
Korea was divided in Three Kingdoms
918 - 1392
This kingdom later gave name to the modern state of Korea. It united the Later Three Kingdoms and ruled most of the Korean peninsula.
The Kingdom of Joseon
Was a Korean state founded by Taejo Yi Seong-gye and was the last dynasty of Korean history .
Great Korean Empire
It oversaw the partially successful modernization of the military, economy, land system, education system, and various industries.
August 22, 1910
Annexation of the Korean Empire by the Empire of Japan
Japan surrenders at the end of World War II.
After the WWII, USA and the USSR agreed to temporarily occupy Korea as a trusteeship with the zone of control demarcated along the 38th parallel. The purpose was to establish a Korean provisional government which would become "free and independent in due course."
The Republic of South Korea is established
1950 - 1953
North Korean forces invaded South Korea
North and South Korea's presidents (Kim Jong-il and Kim Dae Jung) meet for the first time since the war.
Park Geun-hye is the first woman to be elected as President in South Korea and head of state in modern history of Northeast Asia.
Rice, noodles, soups and stews are a common part of any Korean meal.
refers to the small portions of food served along with rice in Korean Cuisine. The most famous and commonly served Banchan is "Kimchi".
- Bibimbap: served with white rice, different seasoned vegtables, fried egg and you can mix it with Gochgujang.
- Kimbap: a popular lunchbox dish which consists of rice rolled in gim and other ingredients.
- Kimchijigae: a stew like dish which is famous for its native flavor coming from Kimchi.
All Korean traditional nonalcoholic beverages are referred to as
which literally means "clear beverages". According to historical documents regarding Korean cuisine, 193 items of
is the best known liquor, there are well over 100 different alcoholic beverages, such as beers, rice and fruit wines, and liquors produced in South Korea as well as a sweet rice drink.
Football, baseball and basketball are very popular games in South Korea.
Between the traditional ones we can find Korean wrestling and martial arts like Taekwondo, Taekkyeon and Hapkido.
is the traditional Korean dress. It's often characterized by vibrant colors and simple lines without pockets. Is worn as semi-formal or formal wear during traditional festivals and celebrations.
Traditional women's hanbok consists of
, a blouse shirt or a jacket and
, a wrap-around skirt, which is usually worn full. The ensemble is often called
. Men's hanbok consists of
which means pants in Korea. The
were baggy pants in traditional men's hanbok.
Korea is home to big and important companies like Daewoo, LG, Samsung, Hyundai, Kia Motors, Humas, FILA, Renault Samsung Motors, SK Group, SsangYong Group and many others
South Korea is one of few nations to watch more domestic than imported films in theatres.
There are a couple of important dates in Korean films: first in 1992, Marriage Story was financed by Samsung, marking the first non-government funded film. In 1999, Shiri was released and was the first film in Korean history to sell more than 2 million tickets in Seoul alone.
In 2001, the romantic comedy My Sassy Girl outsold The Lord of the Rings and Harry Potter which ran at the same time and became the most popular and exportable Korean film in history.
In 2006, The Host became the highest-grossing domestic film in South Korea and was fairly popular in the United States as well.
Between other successful films we can find: My Wife is a Ganster, D-War, The Thieves, Take Off, Masquerade, Taegukgi: The Brotherhood of War, Silmido, Joint Security Area, etc.
Korean television and especially the short form dramatic mini-series colloquially called "dramas" by Koreans have become extremely popular outside of Korea. The trend has caused some Korean actors to become better known abroad. The dramas are popular mostly in Asia.
Dramas showcase a wide range of stories, but the most prominent among the export dramas have been romance: Autumn Fairy Tale, Winter Sonata, My Fair Lady, Stairway to Heaven, My Name is Kim Sam Soon, Goong, My Girl, Boys Over Flowers, Shining Inheritance, You're Beautiful, Secret Garden, Dream High and historical fantasy dramas: Dae Jang Geum, Emperor of the Sea, Jumong, Sungkyunkwan Scandal. Korea has also aired their first blockbuster spy drama, IRIS.