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Latin Classical Literacy
Transcript of Latin Classical Literacy
& People Greek Mythology & Literature Places Aegean Sea arm of the mediterranean Sea off southeast Europe between Greece and Turkey aegis protection Aeneas/Aeneid Trojan hero of Virgil's epic poem. Escaped from Troy and wandered for 7years. agora a place of congragation such as Greek/Roman marketplace school/university one has attended alama mater alpha omega alter ego alumna alumnus 1st & last. Beginning & ending another side of oneself woman graduate male graduate food of the gods drink of the gods ambrosia nectar amor omnia vincit Latin Sayings love conquers all belonging to the period before war antebellum Apennines mountain range in central Italy Aphrodite goddess of love and beauty god of prophecy, music, medicine, poetry, identified with the sun. Apollo Apple of Discord refrence to the Golden Apple of Discord given to the fairest which led to the Trojan War water channel.
aqua+ductus aqueduct Arachne girl who offended Athena by saying she was a better weaver leading to a contest. Athena won and turned the girl into a spider. god of war Ares Artemis virgin goddess of hunting and the moon. Twin sister of Apollo The goddess of wisdom. Also the protector of cities. Athena Adriadne Gave Thesus the thread with which he found his way out of the Minotaur's labryinth. capital of Greece Athens Atlas Titan condemed by Zeus to support the heavens upon his shoulders. open area; center of Roman houses atrium Augustus 1st emporer. Grandnephew of Julius Caesar in good faith bona fide Caesar Roman General who invaded England carpe diem cease the day Ancient city founded by the Rhonecians, destroyed by Romans & then rebuilt by Caesar Carthage cave canem beware of the dog 3 headed dog guarding entrance to Hade Cerberus yawn or gape chaos Cheron ferryman who conveyed the dead to Hades over the river Styx Chimera fire-breathing she-monster represented by a lion, goat, and serpent circus maximas large circus Roman amphitheatre Colosseum consul official appointed by government Cronus titan who ruled the universe until dethroned by his son Zeus Cyclops 3eyed titan who forged thunderbolts for Zeus site of worship of the god Apollo after he slew the pyhton Delphic Oracle Demeter/Ceres goddess of harvest god of wine, power, and fertility of nature Dionysus e pluribus unum one out of many for example exempli gratia Elysian Fields abode for the blessed after death epic extended narrative poem in elecated language Eros/Cupid god of love to err is human and admitting the error is wise errare humanum est et al ect et tu, Brute? and others ectcetera Even you, Brutus? Etruscan civilization in Italy ex libris from the books ex officio by virtue of office or position excelsior slender, curved wood shavings used for packing fasces rod carried before ancient Roman magistrates as an emblem of authority fates final consequence or outcome. Unfavorable destiny; doom finis the end fortuitous happening by accident or chance fresco art of painting on plaster furies violent anger Ge/Daea goddess of earth; bore and barried Uranus, became mom of Titans and Cyclopes. Golden Fleece fleece of the golden ram, stolen by Jason and Argonauts from King of Colchis Gorgons any of the 3 sisters Stheno, Euryale, and the mortal Medusa. Woman regarded as ugly or terrifying Hades god of the netherwolds and dispenser of earthly riches Hannibal Carthaginian general who crossed the Alps Helen daughter of Zeus and Leda and wife of Menelaus;considered most beautiful woman in the World. Her abduction by Paris caused the Trojan War Hephaestus god of fire and metal working Hera the goddess of women, marriage, and childbirth; wife and sister to Zeus Heracles/Hercules son of Zeus and Alcmene;hero of extraordinary strength who won immortality by preforming the 12 labors demanded Hermes god of commerce, intervention, cunning, and theft; also served as messenger, scribe, and herald for the other gods Hestia the goddess of hearth, daughter of Cronus and Rhea Homer Greek epic poet; wrote the "Illiad" & the "Odyssey" homo sapiens modern species of humans Hydra many headed monster that was slain by Hercules I V X L C D M Roman Numerals: 1, 5, 10, 50, 100, 500, and 1,000 i.e./id est that is Illiad ancient Greek work written by Homer; Starts with Trojan War and end with the slaying of the Trojan hero in loco parentis in the position or place of a parent in memoriam in memory in toto totally iota a bit; very small amount Jason husband of Medea & leader of Argonauts who went in quest of the Golden Fleece Jove/Jupiter god of sky & thunder labor omnia vincit hardwork conquers all labyrinth intricate structure with passages interconnecting; a maze lapsus linguae slips of the tongue laurels mediterranean evergreen tree with small black berries medicinae doctor doctor of medicine magnanimous courageously noble in mind and heart magnum opus great work Marathon villiage n.E. of Athens; major victory cite over Persia mea culpa an acknowledgement of a personal fault Medea princess & sorceress of Colchis who helped Jason obtain the Golden Fleece; killed children as a revenge of infidelity mentor wise & trusted teacher Minotaur monster who is 1/2 man, 1/2 bull mores accepted traditional customs; moral attitudes; manners Mt. Olympus Mt. Parnassus Mt. Vesuvius "home of the gods" "home of the muses" eruption which destroyed Pompeii muses any of Mnemosyne's & Zeus's 9 daughters who each had a different art of science nota bene used to direct attention to something important Nike goddess of victory Odysseus Kind of Ithaca; leader of Greeks in Trojan War; Wwandered for 10yrs Odyssey younger of the 2 surviving ancient Greek epic poems by Homer. tells of Odysseus wanderings omnicient all knowing Orpheus almost succeeded in rescuing his wife Eurydice from Hades P.S. written after Palatine Hill center most of the Seven Hills of Rome Pan god of woods, fields, &flock; having human torso &head with goats legs, horns, &ears. Pandora Pegasus Penelope 1st woman bestowed on humankind as a punishment for Prometheus's theft of fire. a winged horse that with a stroke of his hoof caused the fountain Hippocrene to spring forth from Mt. Helicon wife of Odysseus & mother of Telemachus; Made immortal by Circle. paterfamilias man who is the head of a househol; father patrician person of refined upbringing, manners, & tastes Pax Romana Roman Peace Pax Vobiscum peace with you per annum by the year per capita per diem per os per unit of population by the day by way of mouth Persephone/Proserpina Queen of underworld; daughter of Zeus and Demeter Perseus & Medusa Poseidon/Neptuno Romulus & Remus Prometheus Priam Sisyphus Spartacus Tantalus Tartarus Theseus Uranus Zeus/Jupiter king of Troy during the Trojan War and youngest son of Laomedon Rome's twin founders; The image of the she-wolf suckling the divinely fathered twins became an iconic representation of the city and its founding legend "Father of Gods and men"; ruled the Olympians of Mount Olympus as a father ruled the family; he was the god of sky and thunder in Greek mythology used as a dungeon of torment & suffering; in Greek mythology both a deity & a place in the underworld Perseus holding the Head of Medusa is a recurring theme in artwork, depicting an event from Greek mythology in which the hero Perseus holds up the severed head of the gorgon Medusa. ancient Greek deity of the sky and the Greek word for sky the mythical founder/king of Athens;established a cult of Aphrodite Pandemos & Peitho on the southern slope of the Acropolis. a Titan; was a champion of mankind, who stole fire from Zeus and gave it to mortals; Punished by being bound to a rock while a great eagle ate his liver every day only to have it grow back to be eaten again the next day; credited with –or blamed for – playing a pivotal role in the early history of mankind. most notable leader of the slaves in the Third Servile War, a major slave uprising against the Roman Republic. ruler of an ancient western Anatolian city; In Greek mythology he was the father of Pelops, Niobe and Broteas & a son of Zeus and the nymph Pluto. king punished by being compelled to roll an immense boulder up a hill, only to watch it roll back down, and to repeat this throughout eternity god of the sea, and, as "Earth-Shaker," of earthquakes in Greek mythology persona non grata an unwelcome person Plebeians The plebs were the general body of Roman citizens Sicily As the Greeks began to colonize Sicily they found it to be very fertile,& the introduction of olives &grape vines flourished, creating a great deal of profitable trading pontifex maximus largest bridge pro tempore for time quid pro quo what for what semper fidelis always faithful semper paratus always ready sic semper tyrannis thus always to tyrants sic transit gloria mundi thus passes the glory of the world sine qua non without which there is nothing Deities status quo state in which; before sub poena sub rosa tempus fugit terra firma terra incognita veni, vidi, vici verbatim veto vice versa v.s./versus against under the rose under penalty time flies the other way around I came, I saw, I conquered word for word I forbid unknown land solid earth Ph.D/Philosophia Doctor P.M./post meridiem polytheism via valedictorian Trojan tribune toga summa cum laude SPQR satyr rostra puerile post mortem road highest ranked student a platform for speakers in the Roman Forum decorated with the beaks of captured ships a sylvan deity in Greek mythology having certain characteristics of a horse or goat and fond of Dionysian revelry the senate and the people of Rome with highest praise the loose outer garment worn in public by citizens of ancient Rome a Roman official under the monarchy and the republic with the function of protecting the plebeian citizen from arbitrary action by the patrician magistrates Doctor of Philiosophy belief in many deities aftern noon after death juvenille from the large hollow wooden horse filled with Greek soldiers and introduced within the walls of Troy by a stratagem where a temple was built for Jupiter, Juno, & Minerva Capitoline Hill Ithaca An island in Greece; home of Odysseus Troy city, both factual and legendary; best known for being the focus of the Trojan War described in the Greek Epic Cycle & in the Iliad Tiber Styx a river which bounded between Earth and the Underworld; circles the Underworld 9 times 3rd largest river in Italy; helped Roman developement Sparta City in Ancient Greece; The overall leader of the combined Greek forces during the Greco-Persian Wars Pompeii Roman town destroyed during an eruption of the volcano, Mount Vesuvius