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James Monroe Foreign Policies
Transcript of James Monroe Foreign Policies
James Monroe made many economic, political, and militant advances in the two terms of presidency he served. He also made many advances in the expansion of America, strengthening the U.S. to become a continental power. These decisions all eventually lead to the development of the United States as a superpower.
The Louisiana Purchase
The Trail of Tears
Nightfall on the Trail of Tears
James Monroe Foreign Policy Decisions
Thomas Jefferson appoints Monroe to purchase the city of New Orleans
controlling trade on the Mississippi River
New Orleans is a major trading point
fertile soil and vast land to grow crops
Manifest Destiny -- Americans wanted a large and powerful nation, spanning across the continent
Napoleon, the French leader, offered all of the Louisiana Purchase
Hamilton and Monroe purchase the whole Louisiana Purchase for four cents an acre
Purchased without Jefferson's direction
the land controlled by America more than doubled
Provided space for more immigrants
Settlers have the opportunity to move west
the United States would be much smaller without the Louisiana Purchase, barely making it eligible to be a continental power
created parts of over 11 current states
slaves and criminals were fleeing to Florida from the continental United States
they found shelter with Creek and Seminole Native Americans
plantation owners were losing money because slaves were escaping
Native Americans raided villages in the U.S.
American citizens couldn't retrieve slaves because it would risk conflict with Spain
Monroe tries to convince Spain to give Florida to the U.S.A.
Monroe places General Andrew Jackson at border of Florida to keep slaves and criminals from entering
America purchases Florida for $5 million
The Panic of 1819 (an economic crisis)
trading points along Florida's enormous coast
today Florida brings in millions of dollars from tourists and retirees with its beaches and the Everglades
The Great Powers of Europe want to regain control of their newly-independent colonies in the Americas
Americans wanted to keep European influences out of North America
Americans threatened by the powers of Europe trying to colonize and keep territories the Americas
would make U.S. most powerful country involved in North and South America
Monroe claims that the United States will be the only great power influencing the American continents
warns countries that any actions taken on newly-independent nations will be considered a threat to the U.S.
the doctrine states, "The American continents...are henceforth not to be considered as subjects for future colonization by any European powers."
United States becomes the greatest power influencing the Western Hemisphere
in late 1800's the United States Military and Navy has enough power to enforce the Monroe Doctrine
countries in Central, North, and South America are protected and have good relations with the United States
European Powers stay out of North and South America
America is uninvolved European issues for the time period
Keep Off! The Monroe Doctrine Must Be Respected
Photograph showing Uncle Sam keeping European Powers "out" of the Americas
American citizens living on the eastern coast were populating rapidly and needed more space
immigrants from all over the world were emigrating to America quickly
Native Americans were thought to be "taking up American land"
Native Americans were not thought of as United States citizens
James Monroe proposes to move all Native Americans east of the Mississippi River to the west of the Mississippi
The Trail of Tears begins
takes nearly all Native Americans from their homelands east of the Mississippi
Native American tribes & cultures decrease due to different climate and new species to hunt
Americans east of the Mississippi River have more land
Illustration of Native Americans Stopping on the Way to the West of the Mississippi River
Boundaries of the Louisiana Purchase
In conclusion, James Monroe made a handful of advances in the power and expansion of America as a nation. James Monroe may have created some changes that weren't so beneficial to Americans, such as establishing the idea of moving Native Americans out of their homelands. However, Americans are still benefiting from the changes that Monroe made. For example, without the advances Monroe made the United States could be controlled by a European nation or citizens in Kansas may be under control of another country. These advances made American troops and citizens more powerful. Which lead them to becoming a world-wide superpower.
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