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Present Perfect :)

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Olivia Torres Ü

on 9 May 2015

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Transcript of Present Perfect :)

Bibliography
Present Perfect
The present perfect expresses an action that is still going on or that stopped recently, but has an influence on the present. It puts emphasis on the result.
I
have
already
had a
breakfast.


He
has

been
to England.
2. Effect on the present moment
We also use this tense to when an activity has an effect on the present moment.
He
has

finish
ed
his work. (so he can now rest)
3. Continuation in the present
We often use the Present Perfect when we want to emphasize that an event continues in the present.
I
have
already
eaten
the dinner. (so I'm not hungry)
Mary
has

work
ed
as a teacher for over 25 years.

Patrick
has

achiev
ed
a lot in his life.
already
yet
before
never
recently
at last
ever
just
lately
only just
1. Auxiliary Verb "to have"
We conjugate the auxiliary verb "to have" the same way we would conjugate the normal verb "to have".
Person Singular Plural

First I have We have

Second You have You have

Third He/she/it They have
has
2. 2. The Past Participle
The past participle of a verb is a verb form that appears with the perfect tenses. The past participle can be either regular or irregular.
Form
To form a sentence in the Present Perfect, you need:

1. The proper conjugation of the auxiliary verb "to have".

2. The Past Participle of your verb.
Time expressions in the Present Perfect:
1. Use the Present Perfect to talk about actions that happened at some point in the past. It does not matter when exactly they happened.
The regular verbs are formed by adding -
ed
to the verb:
Verb Past Participle
talk

talk
ed
explain

explain
ed
use

us
ed
deliver

deliver
ed
include

includ
ed
achieve

achiev
ed
The formation of the irregular verbs does not follow one rule. Therefore, they should be memorized.
Verb Past Participle
beseech besought, beseeched
implorar, suplicar


creep crept
arrastrase

dwell dwelt, dwelled
vivir, habitar, morar

hang hung
colgar

knit knitted, knit
tejer

plead pled, pleaded
alegar
Examples:
Affirmative Sentences
Negative Sentences
Subject +
HAS
/
HAVE
+
Verb
+ Complement
We often use the present perfect with time adverbials which refer to the recent past:
Scientists
have

recently

discover
ed
a new breed of monkey.

We
have

just

got
back from our holidays.
Or adverbials which include the present perfect:
Ever (in questions);

so far
;
until now
;
up to now
;
yet

(in questions and negatives)
Examples:
Have
you
ever

seen
a ghost?

Where
have
you
been

up to now
?


Have
you
finish
ed
your homework
yet
?
To be careful with
Do not use the present perfect with an adverbial which refers to past time which is finished:
I have seen that film
yesterday
.




We have just bought a new car
last week
.



He visto esa película ayer
Hemos comprado un coche nuevo la semana pasada
But we can use it to refer to a time which is not yet finished:
Have
you
seen
Helen
today
?
Ha visto a Helen hoy
We
have
bough
t
a new car
this week.
Hemos comprado un coche nuevo esta semana.
Questions
This tense is used to talk about an action or actions that started in the past and continued until recently or that continue into the future.
The present perfect continuous is often used with '
since
', '
for'
, '
all week
', '
for days
', '
lately
', '
recently
',
'over the last few months
'.
I
've

been

want
ing
to do that
for
ten years.
You
have
n't

been

gett
ing
good results
over the last few months.
They
have
n't

been

work
ing

all week
. They're on strike
He
has
n't

been

talk
ing
to me
for
weeks.
We
've

been

work
ing
hard on it
for
ages.
I
've

been

look
ing
at other options
recently
.
He estado queriendo hacer eso por diez años
No ha estado recibiendo buenos resultados en los últimos meses .
Ellos no han estado trabajando toda la semana. Están en huelga
Él no ha estado hablando conmigo durante semanas.
Hemos estado trabajando duro en ello durante mucho tiempo.
He estado mirando otras opciones recientemente.
Use
Use 1: Continuation in the Present
He
has

been

paint
ing
the house for 5 hours.
He's still painting it
Use 2: Past actions recently stopped
Use this tense also to talk about actions that began in the past and have recently stopped.
Use 3: Temporary Actions and Situations
We use this tense when an action or situation is temporary.
We use the Present Perfect Continuous to show that something started in the past and continues in the present.
I
have

been

work
ing
as a fireman since 1973. I still work as a fireman
I
have

been

wait
ing
for you for half an hour! I'm not waiting anymore because you have come
Look at her eyes! I'm sure she
has

been

cry
ing
. She stopped crying when she saw them
I
have

been

liv
ing
in Boston for two months.
I
have

been

work
ing
as a waitress for the past week.
1. Auxiliary Verb "to have"
We conjugate the auxiliary verb "to have" the same way we would conjugate the normal verb "to have".
2. Auxiliary verb "to be"
The past participle of the verb "to be" is "
been
". This is also an auxiliary verb, and you must never forget about it
3. The Present Participle
The present participle is of a verb is a verb form that appears with the present tenses. The present participle is formed by adding -ing to the verb.
To form a sentence in the Present Perfect Continuous, you need:
Form
1. The proper conjugation of the auxiliary verb to have.
2. The auxiliary verb to be in the Past Participle form: "been".
3.The Present Participle of your verb (verb + ing)
Person Singular Plural

First I have We have

Second You have You have

Third He/she/it They have
has
As you can see, the third person singular is irregular.
More examples:
She
has
never
seen
my brother.
Neither of my brothers
has
ever
driven
a truck.
I have working as a teacher for 10 years.
I
have

been

work
ing
as a teacher for 10 years.
talk
+
ing
=
talk
ing
be
+
ing
=
be
ing
There are exceptions
Sometimes the present participle is irregular.
1. doubled letter
In these examples we can see that one of the letters is doubled.
2. "e" removed
writ
e +
ing
=
writ
ing
swim
+
ing
=
swimm
ing
run
+
ing
=
runn
ing
get
+
ing
=
gett
ing
grabt
+
ing
=
grabb
ing
mov
e +
ing
=
mov
ing
tak
e +
ing
=
tak
ing
Subject +
HAVE
/
HAS
+
BEEN
+
Verb
+complement
Affirmative
I
have

been

sleep
ing
.
(continuous form)
Tom
has

been

work
ing
as a postman for 30 years now.
She
has

been

learn
ing
English for 3 hours now.
Negative
Subject +
HAVE
/
HAS
+
BEEN
+
Verb
+ Complement
No, I
have
n't

been

cry
ing
. I'm just cold.
His car is broken,
so he
has
n't

been

driv
ing
it lately.
(continuous form)
Questions
HAVE
/
HAS
+ Subject +
BEEN
+
Verb
+ Complement + ?
(continuous form
Have
you
been

runn
ing
?
Has
Tom
been

walk
ing
the dog?
How long
have
you
been

learn
ing
English?
What
have
you
been

do
ing
there?
Have
you ever
seen
this program?
Where
has
she
liv
ed
for the past 21 years?
Have
you
found
the telephone number?
Has
anyone
taken
my bag?
HAS
/
HAVE
+ Subject +
Verb
+ Complement + ?
(past participle form)
We
have
already
had
breakfast.
I
have

bought
new shades.
Someone
has
just
taken
my bag!
Subject +
HAS

NOT
/
HAVE

NOT
+
Verb
+ Complement
(past participle form)
He
has
n't

taken
any drug for two years.
I
have
n't

met
my perfect partner yet.
They
have
n't

contact
ed
you, have they?
(past participle form)
Present Perfect Simple
Present Perfect Continuous
Cornelia Gitterle. Why Is the Present Perfect Such a
Problematic Tense?. GRIN Verlag. 2013.

Gregory A. Boyd. Present Perfect. Zondervan. 2010.

Rocío Navarro Lacoba. Present Perfect - Presente
perfecto. Rocío Navarro Lacoba. 2014.

Sherri Athay,Lawrence D. Athay,Larry Athay. Present
Perfect. 1996.

Valentin Werner. The Present Perfect in World
Englishes. University of Bamberg Press. 2014.

USE
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