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The Industrial Revolution: Karl Marx
Transcript of The Industrial Revolution: Karl Marx
Karl entered the University of Bonn to study law, but after running up large debts, his father paid them off but insisted he move to Berlin University.
This point of Karl's life was very profound because he began to be greatly influenced by his philosophy professor.Bruno Bauer was an atheist and had some very radical political opinions, so radical, he actually got Marx into some trouble with the authorities.
Marx especially took an appeal to Bauer's theory that something could not be separated from it's opposite( ex: master to slave).He explained that unity will eventually be achieved through the equalizing of all opposites. Basically setting the ground work of the theory of communism.
At the age of 20, Karl's father died,leaving him alone to support himself. He became a university lecturer.
Marx then became a journalist and met Moses Hess. Hess called himself a socialist. Marx began to attend socialist meetings and soon wrote an article criticizing the government. It was banned by Prussian authorities.
Fearful of being arrested, Marx got married and moved to France.
Marx while working in France worked among the working class and was disturbed at the bad treatment of the middle class. He published a paper that described the theory of communism and that the working class would eventually be the emancipators of society. Four Step Analysis 1.Symptoms
•What is thought to be the problem (undesired cause)
-While working with the middle class in France, Marx was impressed with their hard work but disappointed with the pay they earned.
•What is thought to be the cause of the problem (the undesired cause)
•What is thought to be the solution to the problem; the preferred outcome (the desired effect)
•What the treatment of the problem is; steps to achieve the preferred outcome (the desired cause) Legacy/Critique oProvide a critique of your assigned “revolution” and historical figure’s ideas and/or actions. Be specific and use examples. Wherever applicable and possible, connect your critique to class material.
-The Industrial Revolution brought a new standard of living and with that came many consequences. This revolution brought advertising which in turn brought consumerism. Consumerism brings out the selfish side of human beings as it puts material things over everything, including God and our spiritual lives. If things are making money, people are happy and there won't be any objection to it.
-during the industrial Revolution came Karl Marx and his theory of Marxism. It was the ground work for a few forms of government,mainly communism. Communism is the form of government that all land and social activity is controlled by the state and belongs to the community as a whole.
-The Revolution brought countless advances in the economy and technology, and that's great, but where has this really left humanity? Are we as connected to to our spiritual life as we should be, or are we constantly distracted by material things
The mass production of various items during the industrial Revolution such as textiles,paper,machinery, common tools, etc. was a large factor to help shape the new social norm. It brought out a new standard of living where the majority of the population could afford the so called luxuries before this era.
By the end of the 19th century America had changed from a mercantile society to an industrial society. What does this mean?
-the assembly line was created which led to factories instead of workshops
trains replaced the stage coach
instead of handmade goods mass production came about
regional replaced local 1850 1818 1750 1758: first threshing machine made 1779: First Machine Powered Mills 1793: Eli Witney developed cotton gin Karl Marx Was Born on
May 5, 1818 in Germany 1839: Photo Graphic paper is introduced by Fox Talbot 1830: The Liverpool and Manchester Railway begins first regular commercial rail service. 1821: Faraday demonstrates electro-magnetic rotation, the principle of the electric motor. Diagnosis Concept of Government Prognosis Prescription Symptoms Where there is a positive there is a negative creating a large gap in between the two polars.
Marx's work "Economic and Philosophic Manuscripts" summarizes his main thoughts on the problem with capitalist society. he identified 3 different types of alienation in capitalist society,
1.) The worker is alienated from what he produces
2.) The worker is alienated from himself,when he's mot working he feels himself
3.) In a capitalist society people are alienated from each other--> people compete against each othe Where there are rich, there are poor. So the Idea was to make everyone middle class as to keep them equal
This essentially means that Marx believed in the theory of communism, but not quiet as extreme as we see today.
Marxism: the political, economic, and social theories of Karl Marx including the belief that the struggle between social classes is a major force in history and that there should eventually be a society in which there are no classes Communism was the main Government style that spawned from Karl Marx's vision of an equal Government. It was adopted by some countries such as Russia who had a select few at the top and the rest of the masses working for the government
-Marx thought that by changing the Government from a socialist aspect to one where everyone was on an equal playing field that the problem could be solved.
A new way of life where the polar opposites such as slave and master would be created on a more equal playing field making them coexist in a better society.
-Another good way to look at through good and evil. If good and evil were both brought together there would be neither, and Marx believed this meeting in the middle was better than having only good or only evil. Marx's opinion on Capitalism was that The inequality between the upper and lower class. There was too big of a Gap. Catholics During the Industrial Revolution Catholics arrived in America in the mid twentieth century and were on the rise as far as support and stature in society.
JPII stated "The capitalism of the early industrial revolution did violence to liberty, equality and, fraternity in various ways, allowing the exploitation of men by men in deference to the laws of the market." The Value of the Human Person During the Industrial Revolution. The Human person is held to a higher standard now that everyday goods such as clothing and general tools are mass produced and thus being cheaper, but in some aspects the human person lost some value.
The Catholic church or more specifically JPII backs this statement by claiming that the human person is losing touch with our original purpose to serve others as well as god.