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The Second Great Awakening
Transcript of The Second Great Awakening
The 3 Ws Key Players Main Causes What? Why? Charles G. Finney Prominent Revivalist Involved With abolition movment, even preaching against slavery from pulpit August 29, 1792 August 16, 1875 Emphasized free will (vs. Calvinists) Response to Deism Watchmaker view of religion: Universe set in motion
God isn't involved in human affairs
Born in enlightenment--Emphasis on reason Why? Religion had grown boring
Just like the First Great Awakening, religion needed to be revitalized
Religion from the heart, not head arose Joseph Smith December 23, 1805 – June 27, 1844 Regarded himself as prophet - spoken to by god - instructed to create new religion Drop in church attendance Revolution detached religion from Govt., weakening it Why? People busy making a living and building new country Why? Why? Mormonism Emphasizes human agency - Man's ability to choose own destiny
Viewed by members as the only true religion
Hostility towards Mormons forced them to move several times, eventually settling near what is today Salt Lake City, UT Protestant Revival Movement Growth in religious conversions Religious philosophy shifted Religion from the head was rejected in favor of religion from the heart
Doctrine of Predestination (Calvinism) was rejected democratized religion
Women had a much more prominent role in church
Emphasis on helping save others and improving moral fiber of the nation Temperance Movement Drinking began to be looked upon as a sin
-Domestic violence was rampant
American Temperance Society was formed
Between 1820 and 1840 per capita alcohol consumption was cut in half Social Impacts! Abolition Most immediate problem addressed by nation
Disconnect between religious teachings caused many to rethink slavery in the US
How can everyone's soul be saved -- implying some level of equality -- and yet men hold other men in bondage
Improving moral fiber of nation required the abolition of slavery Women's Rights Women's expanded roles in religious practices empowered them to demand greater equality
Women aren't permitted to:
-own property if married
-participate in certain professions The Second Great Awakening Elizabeth Cady Stanton Lucretia Mott Seneca Falls Convention-1848 A convention to discuss women's rights "Declaration of Sentiments" ..."We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal; that they are endowed by their Creator with certain inalienable rights; that among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness; that to secure these rights governments are instituted, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed" ... The Second Great Awakening helped to sow the seeds of several social reform movements including women's rights, temperance, and the abolition of slavery. Through its impact on the abolition movement, it influenced the United States into entering a civil war. The bottom line: