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greek creation theory
Transcript of greek creation theory
literally nothing. No darkness or light,
only chaos. Then suddenly with no warning or sign Erebus appeared, but still there was nothing but silence.
Some how Love was born showing the first sign of order. From Love came Light and Day who gave birth to Gaea, "the earth". Gaea is the Earth Goddess. Uranus and Gaea gave birth to the Titans. Then Erebus and Night hooked up and birthed Ether, "the heavenly light", and to Day, "the earthly light." Night with no partner created Doom, Fate, Death, Sleep, Dreams, Nemesis, and others that come to man out of darkness. Meanwhile Gaea alone gave birth to Uranus, the heavens. Uranus became Gaea's mate covering her on all sides. Together they produced the three Cyclopes, the three Hecatoncheires, and twelve Titans. Uranus was no a very merciful god nor a good husband and father. The Hecatoncheires were imprisoned in Gaea's womb and this angered her to the point of her plotting his murder. The angry Gaea crafted a sickle out of flint and attempted to talk the Titans into overthrowing him with her. All refused except the youngest Cronus. Cronus ambushed Uranus in his sleep. He grabbed him by the balls and cut them off and with great enjoyment he hurled them into the sea. Uranus either died or exiled himself to Italy of all places. From his bleeding testicles came the Giants, the Ash Tree Nymphs, and the Erinnyes. From where his bloody sack touched the sea foam Aphrodite emerged. Being that he was the one to slay Uranus, Cronus became the next ruler. He imprisoned the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires in Tartarus and married his sister Rhea. Unnfortunently for Cronus, Gaea and Uranus had prophesied that one of his sons would over throw him the same as he did with Uranus. In defense against losing his thrown Cronus swallowed each of his off spring whole as they were born. Rhea didnt like the way Cronus treated her children and the angry Rhea plotted against Cronus the same as Gaea did for Uranus. As Rhea was giving birth to her sixth child she hid herself from Cornus. Rhea left her new born with the nymphs to be raised. When it came time for Cronus to eat his baby Rhea wrapped a rock in cloth and fed it to him in place of the baby. The baby who excaped being devoured by his own father was named Zeus. He grew to be brave and strong. Zeus spoke with Metis on how to defeat his father. She fixed up a drink that would cause Cronus to throw up the rest of his brothers. Rhea spoke woth Cronus and managed to get him to except his son and allow him back to Mount Olympus. Zeus became Cronus's Cup bearer which gave him the opportunity to give Cronus the drink Metis had designed for him.
It worked and Cronus threw up Zeus's five siblings. Now the war had begun between the Titans and the Olympians. All of the Titans faught except for Prometheus, Epimetheus, and Oceanus. Atlas became the leader in battle and for a long time it looked as though the would win. What turned the tide ofthe war was when Zeus cunningly decided to fo to Tartarus and free the Cyclopes and the Hecatoncheires. Prometheus joined Zeus as well. The Cyclopes gave Zeus lightning bolts as weapons which he continued to use even after the war. Zeus instructed the Hecatoncheires to ambush the Titans when the time was right. During battle Zeus retreated leading the Titans into the Hecatoncheires ambush where they rained down hundreds of boulders onto the unexpecting Titans forcing them to break and run giving the Olympians victory. Zeus exiled the Titans into Tartarus except for Atlas, there leader in battle, who was singled out for the special punishment of holding the world on his shoulders. Gaea did not want her children to be imprisoned so as a last effort she gave birth to Typhoeus. It came close to defeating the young gods, setting most of them to run away and captured Zeus. Hermes was able to free Zeus Thankfully giving Zeus the opportunity to be able to kill Typhoeus with his lighting bolts. Typhoeus is buried under Mount Etna in Sicily Soon after winning the war with the Titans the Giants made an attempt at defeating the gods. They piled mountain on top of mountain in an effort to reach the top of Mount Olympus but the gods had grown stronger and with the help of Heracles the Giants were beaten. Prometheus and Epimetheus were spared imprisonment in Tartarus because they had not faught against Zeus during the war. They were givin the task of creating man. Prometheus shaped man out of mud, and Athena breathed life into his clay figure. Epimetheus was givin the responsibility of giving each creature its characteristics such as wings, claws, teeth, and things of that nature. Epimetheus gave out all the good atributes to all the other animals of the world and by the time he got to man he had none left. So Prometheous made man stand upright like the gods and gave them fire. Zeus decided that man must present a portion of each animal they scarified to the gods so Prometheus decided to trick Zeus. He formed two portions, one with the bones wrapped in juicy fat, the other with the good meat hidden in the skin. He then asked Zeus to pick a portion to be offered to him during sacrifices. Zeus picked the bones. Since he had given his word Zeus had to accept that as his share for future sacrafices. Zeus was angry that he had been tricked so in his rage he took fire away from man, but Prometheus lit a torch from the sun and brought it back down to man on Earth. This made Zeus even more angry. He then inflicted punishments on both Prometheus and man. To punish man, Zeus had Hephaestus create a mortal who was super attractive. He then had Hermes give the mortal a deceptive heart and a lying tongue. This creation was Pandora, the first women. A final gift was a jar which Pandora was told to never open. Eventually, Pandora's curiosity about the jar became to great. She opened the jar and out flew all sorts of evils, sorrows, plagues, and misfortunes. However, the bottom of the jar held one good thing, hope. Zeus was angry at Prometheus for three things: being tricked on scarifices, stealing fire for man, and for refusing to tell Zeus which of Zeus's children would dethrone him. Zeus had his servants, Force and Violence, seize Prometheus, take him to the Caucasus Mountains, and chain him to a rock with unbreakable adamanite chains. Here he was tormented day and night by a giant eagle tearing at his liver. Zeus gave Prometheus two ways out of this torment. He could tell Zeus who the mother of the child that would dethrone him was. Or meet two conditions: First, that an immortal must volunteer to die for Prometheus. Second, that a mortal must kill the eagle and unchain him. Eventually, Chiron the Centaur agreed to die for him and Heracles killed the eagle and unbound him Zeus was angry at Prometheus for three things, being tricked on scarifices, stealing fire for man, and for refusing to tell Zeus which of Zeus's children would attempt to dethrone him. Zeus had his servants, Force and Violence, seize Prometheus, take him to the Caucasus Mountains, and chain him to a rock with unbreakable chains. Here he was tormented day and night by a giant eagle tearing at his liver. At the end of each day his liver would grow back so it could be torn out again and again. Zeus gave Prometheus two ways out of this torment. He could tell Zeus who the mother of the child that would dethrone him was. Or meet two conditions. First, that an immortal must volunteer to die for Prometheus. Second, that a mortal must kill the eagle and unchain him. Eventually, Chiron the Centaur agreed to die for him and Heracles killed the eagle and unbound him. This is how the Greeks and Romans decided the world was created. They believed that there was a god for every human emotion and that the gods felt these emotions, like anger and jelousy, just as the humans did. Made by the Dan Works Cited: http://www.greekmythology.com/Myths/The_Myths/The_Creation/the_creation.html