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Education Reform and the second great awakening
Transcript of Education Reform and the second great awakening
More about Horace Mann
The second great awakening was a christian revival movement during the early 19th century.
After 1820 membership rose rapidly among Baptist and Methodist congregations whose preachers led the movement.
It focused on social reform lead to period of antebellum.
It left a legacy of many established churches , democratization and social reform.
The Second Great Awakening
The schools before the reform were very small and only provided limited educational opportunities.
The schools reformers wanted a better educational system so the children would become responsible citizens.
Horace Mann of Massachusetts led the common school movement that caused public schools to be funded by local property taxes.
1-citizens cannot maintain both ignorance and freedom.
2-education should be paid for,controlled, and maintain by the public.
3-education should be provided in schools that embrace children from varying backgrounds.
4-education must be nonsectarian.
5-must be taught using tenets of a free society.
6-must be provided by well-trained professional teachers.
Horace Mann set 6 principals for public education
Education before the reform
The early school curriculum was based on strict Calvinism and taught moral value.
The children who attended schools only had school for a few months or maybe a few weeks a year...
Many children only learned the basic reading, writing, and math skills just enough to read the bible and settle an account.
The conditions of the school
school buildings that were built were often one room buildings that weren't poorly constructed with no windows and located far from the students homes.
During the months that children were released of duties on the farms the small one room school was over crowded.
Children from all ages were mixed in schools from young children to teenagers.
In 1837 Mann became the secretary of the board of education.
After becoming secretary he established normal schools they were schools designed to train teachers so that the children would be taught by professionals.
He also created common schools which would be Elementary schools today.
Mann hoped by splitting up grades that the children would have a common learning experience.
How do the education reform and the Second Great Awakening connect?
In the 2nd Great Awakening the people believed if children were educated they would be better citizens.
It gave children religious training
The literacy rate went up and more people started to read and understand the bible.