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Transcript of Rudyard Kipling
Joseph Rudyard Kipling
"House of Desolation"
"The Ladies of Warwick Gardens"
Civil and Military Gazette
Early Years in India
A Timeline Biography
-Born December 30, 1865
A servant at the house sacrificed a kid in prayer
for Rudyard's safe birth
Mr. and Mrs. Kipling
Alice Kipling (nee MacDonald):
-One of four Victorian sisters who made "great"
-Engaged to three other men before married Lockwood Kipling
-Worked at the Bombay School of Art and later
as a curator at the Museum of Lahore
Childhood in India
-1868 Alice took Rudyard back to England where
his sister Trix was born
-Stayed with the Baldwins
-Rudyard extremely spoiled
"To the Baldwins, the little visitor from Bombay was less than welcome...used to having adoring Indian servants at his beck and call, he demanded water at several instances through the night...he was a spoiled nuisance."
"Words are, of course, the most powerful drug used by mankind."
-Parents bring Rudyard and Trix to England on a "vacation"
-Left suddenly at the house of Captain and Mrs. P.A. Holloway in Southsea
-Rudyard dubs Lorne Lodge "House of Desolation" because terrorized by Mrs. Holloway, a strict Calvinist Evangelical
-Rudyard lives at Lorne Lodge for five years and three months
March 1877-Alice returns and takes Rudyard away from Lorne Lodge
December 1877-Alice leaves Rudyard with three women of literary persuasion
United Services College
-Only formal years of education at United Services College at Westward, Ho!
-Headmaster, Cormell Price, a close friend of the Kiplings
-Meets George Beresford, who is the inspiration for M'Turk in Stalky & Co.
School Boy Accomplishments
1881: "Uncle Crom" makes Rudyard editor of the United Services College Chronicle
December 1881: Without Rudyard's knowledge, his parents collect and print some of their son's poems under the title "Schoolboy Lyrics"
-Alice and Lockwood could not afford to send son to university, so find him a job as an editor.
-Monthly salary of 100 rupees
-Not yet 17, in charge of 170 workers and never worked less than 10 hours a day himself
Life in India
"The Anglo-Indian community after the Mutiny of 1857 was a very tight in-group. The British saw themselves as an embattled minority in a potentially hostile land."
"Kipling, as we think of him, was shaped by Anglo-Indian official and military society...deeply racist, anti-democratic, and politically anti-liberal. Kipling...had developed...strong reserves of aestheticism, metropolitanism, humanity...and generosity, which prevented these vices from corrupting his art. But he was infected by them, and defended them..."
-5 January 1885: Writes a parody of Walt Whitman
-6 April 1885: Reports a troop review which will be later incorporated into "The Jungle Book" as 'Servants of the Queen'
-5 April 1886: Admitted into the Freemasons although too young (not yet 21) by a unanimous ballot
-October 1886: First work by Kipling published in England, "Departmental Ditties"
-1887: Kipling starts writing 'turn-overs' for the Gazette,
serving as an outlet for his creative power
Shortly after arriving, Indian government trying to pass the Ilbert Bill, "a measure giving native magistrates the power to try any persons charged before them."
Kipling attended the Punjab Club, and after his magazine cautiously began supporting the bill, he was shunned by many members.
One of many instances demonstrating Kipling's quick temper and inability to back down.
Kipling Leaves India
Kipling reports on a meeting of the Congress Party in Allahabad and gives an unfavorable impression of a Captain Hearsey, who comes to the Pioneer office with a whip.
Captain goes to jail, but libel suit is taken up against the paper. Kipling leaves and travels around the world, his ultimate destination being London
Changes for Kipling
-6 Dec 1890: Attacks Harper and Brothers publishing company in a poem
-18 Jan 1892: Marries Carrie Balestier and travels the world
-29 Dec 1892: First daughter Josephine born
Early Marriage Years
-1894: The Jungle Book published
-28-9 Nov 1894: Sir Arthur Conan Doyle visits and plays golf with Kipling
-Jan 1895: Kipling meets Teddy Roosevelt
-May 1896: almost killed by brother-in-law
-2 April 1897: Elected into the Athenaeum; youngest member at 31
-Oct 1899: "Stalky & Co" published
-Oct 1899: Outbreak of Boer War; Kipling forms his own volunteer company in Rottingdean
-31 Oct 1899: Published "The Absent-Minded Beggar," biggest money-earning poem of career
-14 Dec 1899: Offered a Knighthood, but refuses, saying he "can do better without it."
-Jan 1900: Kiplings leave for South Africa, where they will live for a period of time
-1900-01: "Kim" runs serially in McClure's Magazine
-Jan 1902: Kipling publishes poem that many resent
-November 1903: Kipling offered and turns down another Knighthood
-Winter 1907: Kipling offered the Nobel Prize of Literature (consists of a gold medal, diploma, and cash prize)
-1908: Kipling, "disgusted by increasing Africaner control,
the 'handling over of a higher civilisation to a lower' in
-1911: Kipling contributes 23 poems to "A History of
England" by C. R. L. Fletcher
-2 Apr 1913: "The Harbour Watch" produced by Royal
Theater in London; a one-act play written by Kipling
-1914: Kipling, "along with 19 others...signs a letter to
various newspapers announcing the formation of the
British Covenant, which protests against the Home Rule
Bill and pledges to prevent it from being enacted."
Wartime for Kipling
-Mid May 1917: Travels to the Italian front and writes an account that will later be published
-19 Nov 1917: Meets the Prince of Whales
-Dec 1918: Meets Lawrence of Arabia
-27 Dec 1918: Meets President Woodrow Wilson at Buckingham Palace
-July 1920: University of Edinburgh awards him a doctorate
-1921: Turns down the Order of Merit
-11 May 1922: Writes a speech for King
-1924: Again offered the Order of Merit, declines
-1925: Kiplings tour the continent
-1930: "Thy Servant a Dog, Told by Boots" is
published, and sells 100,000 copies in six months
-1931: Kiplings visit Egypt, Palestine, Paris, Oxford
-1933: Kipling becomes a member of the Indian
Defence League, and elected Vice-President
-Summer 1933: Kipling and "G. K. Chesterton are
filmed (in sound) making a speech at a banquet
at the Canadian Author's Association
-1935: Six of Kipling's works being filmed
-Summer 1935: writes stories for
Princess Elizabeth's gift book
-1936: Kipling finally succumbs to health
problems and dies 18 Jan at 10:10 am.
Do you see Kipling's travels/experiences reflected in the novel?
How does Kipling present India to the reader?
From the timeline, do you see any of Kipling's personal experience reflected in the character of Kim?
Do you see his admiration for the British Empire? Where?
Rudyard Kipling - Bonamy Dobree
Kipling Considered - ed. Phillip Mallett
Rudyard Kipling - Martin Fido
Rudyard Kipling - Lord Birkenhead
A Kipling Chronology - Harold Orel