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Women's Rights Movement

This prezi is about how women were treated from the 1500s to the 1900s and the women's rights movement in America.
by

sara field

on 19 April 2015

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Transcript of Women's Rights Movement

1700s
1800s
1600s
1900s
Women's Rights Movement
Women were Slaves
In the 1600s, and even before then, women were treated like slaves. Women didn't have any rights. They couldn't vote, work, and they couldn't own anything. Once a woman was married, she had to do whatever the man said. Her clothes became his. If she inherited anything it became his. Anything of hers became his. If the marriage was horrible and she ran away she would not only get in trouble for running away, but also for stealing simply by wearing their own clothes. The man in the house could beat her up and hit her with a whip as long as it wasn't thicker than his thumb. The only thing a woman could really do was to cook, clean, and take care of the children. The rules varied from colony to colony and decade to decade.
Education
Women the 1600s and 1700s did not get an education like we do now. They really didn't get one. Their mothers taught them how to sew, clean the house, and prepare food. Most men, however, were taught how to read and write. The idea of women going to school and learning like a man was considered crazy at the time. Later, when schools were open to women, they still required their fathers’ permission to attend. Some women who were not allowed to go got their own money and sent themselves to school.
Important Women
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Susan B. Antony
Lucretia Mott
Carrie Chapman Catt
Jeannette Pickering Rankin
Lucy Stone
Abigail Adams
Sojourner Truth
Elizabeth Blackwell
Alice Paul
Seneca Falls Convention
Getting the vote
As most people know, women in the US didn't always have the right to vote. Women in America had been fighting for the right to vote since before 1848. In 1920 the 19th amendment was passed allowing all women the right to vote in national and home elections. Before this law was passed some states allowed women the right to vote.The president in 1920 was Woodrow Wilson. He was in office from 1913-1921.
Military
Since women weren’t allowed in the military at first women who wanted to serve their country impersonated a man. No one knows for sure who the first women to do this was but three of the women who did are Loreta Janeta Velazquez, Jennie Hodgers, and Deborah Sampson. Loreta Janeta Velazquez fought in the Civil War in the USA for the Confederates as Lieutenant Harry T. Buford. Jennie Hodgers also fought in Civil War in the USA, but for the Union as Albert D.J. Cashier. Deborah Sampson fought in the Revolutionary War as Timothy Thayer, but was caught so she enlisted again as Robert Shurtleff. In 1948 The Women's Armed Services Integration Act of 1948 was passed. This allowed women to enlist as a woman and be on active duty. Women were allowed to be in submarines for the Navy on April 4, 2010, and on Jan 24, 2013, US military leaders lifted the laws that did not allow women to be in combat.
By Marina T
There once was a woman in the mid 1600s named Ann Hibbens. She lived in Massachusetts Bay colony, which is now Boston. A carpenter came to her house and did not do a very good job, but priced very high. Now in those days it was the job of the man of the house to manage family affairs, and Ann Hibbens knew this but complained to the carpenter anyway. The people at the church scolded her for she acted as if she were able to manage the situation better than her husband. Later she appeared again in public records, which said that she was executed for being a witch in 1656. About 300 others in the last half of the 1600s were accused of witches and about 50 of them were killed. Some men were also accused of being witches, but not as many as women. Women who were charged of being a witch were usually strong-willed, unmarried, childless, successful, or any characteristics that were against the idea of Puritan femininity.
Witchcraft
1500s
(Nov. 12, 1815-Oct 26, 1902)
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
She is famous for working for women's rights. Women's suffrage was a big part of her work. Unfortunately, she died 18 years before women got the right to vote.
Anthony is famous for being a leader in women's suffrage. She is even on a dollar coin for all her work. Owning property was also important to her. When she met Elizabeth Cady Stanton they became friends and worked together to earn their rights. Sadly, like Stanton she died before women got the right to vote.
( February 15, 1820-March 13, 1906)
Susan B. Anthony
Lucretia Mott
(January 3, 1793- November 11, 1880)
Mott was a Quaker who was a women's rights activist. She helped organize the Seneca Falls Convention.
http://www.biography.com/people/lucretia-mott-9416590
To learn more click here
The best protection any woman can have... is courage.
-Elizabeth Cady Stanton

Independence is happiness.
-Susan B. Anthony

Carrie Chapman Catt
(January 9, 1859-March 9, 1947)
Catt was a two time widow and worked hard as a women activist to earn the right to vote. She was urged on by her friends.
We too often bind ourselves by authorities rather than by the truth.
-Lucretia Mott

Rankin was elected into the House of Representatives and was the first women to be in Congress or any part national government in the USA. When she was elected, most women still didn't have the right to vote, so winning was a very big accomplishment. She was the only person in Congress to vote against going to war in WW1 and WW2.
(June 11, 1880 - May 18, 1973)
Jeannette Pickering Rankin
Lucy Stone
(August 13, 1818 - October 19, 1893)
Stone is well known for being one of the first women to keep their maiden name in marriage. She was the first woman in Massachusetts to get a college degree, even though she earned it in Ohio. Women's suffrage is what she worked on for most of her life.
Abigail Adams
Adams was a first lady and John Adams was her husband. She was his unofficial adviser though his years of presidency. Through her husband, she worked to get women rights.
Nov. 22,1744- Oct. 28,1818
Sojourner Truth
Truth was born a slave with the name Isabella Baumfree. She is most famous for giving the "Ain't I a Woman" speech. African-American abolition and women's rights were her main focuses. She gave her speech in May 1851.
(1797-November 26, 1883)
Elizabeth Blackwell
QUIZ
Blackwell was the first women to graduate from medical school in the USA. She graduated in 1849 from college.
(February 03, 1821 - May 31, 1910)
Alice Paul
( January 11, 1885 - July 09, 1977)
Ain't I a woman
1.What were women accused of if they called out against their husbands before the 1500s?
2.What were the roles of women in the 1600s?
3.True or False Women were allowed to go to school like men
4.What was Sojourner Truth's speech called?
5.Who was Jeannette Pickering Rankin?
6.When was The Seneca Falls Convention?
7.Who didn't help Plan the Seneca Falls Convention
a.Elizabeth Cady Stanton
b.Jane Hunt
c.Susan B. Anthony
d.Lucretia Mott
e.Martha Wright
f.Mary Ann M'Clintock
8.What is the Declaration of Sentiments?
9.When did woman get the right to vote?
10. When were women allowed in the military on active duty?
Answers
1.Witches
2.cook,clean, and do what ever the man said
3.false
4.ain't i a woman
5.She was the first woman to be elected in the US national government
6.July 19th and 20th of 1848
7.c.
8. It is the document that Elizabeth Cady Stanton wrote for the Seneca Falls Convention that declared what rights women did not have including the right the vote
9.1920 when the 19th amendment
10. 1948
http://www.biography.com/people/susan-b-anthony-194905
The Seneca Falls Convention was the idea of 5 women. They were Jane Hunt, Elizabeth Cady Stanton, Lucretia Mott, Martha Wright, and Mary Ann M'Clintock. The women planned the convention at 5 days before the convention which would be the first women's rights convention.
Alice Paul was arrested many times during her life. One of the times she went on a hunger strike, refusing to eat or drink. She was in the women's suffrage movement in Britain and when she returned to the USA, she earned her Ph.D at the University of Pennsylvania.
Before 1848
In 1840 Elizabeth Cady Stanton was in Britain for the world Anti-Slavery Convention during her honeymoon. Henry Stanton, her husband, was a delegate at the convention. When they got there though, Elizabeth and other women were sent into another room and were not allowed to participate. While Stanton was separated from the men, she met a woman named Lucretia Mott, a Quaker, who was disgusted by this too. At the end of the convention, they decided to get together when they returned to America to discuss women's rights.
Planning the convention
8 years later Lucretia Mott was visiting her sister, Martha Wright, in Waterloo, New York, which was not far from Seneca Falls where Elizabeth Cady Stanton now lived. When they got together they started talking about how women didn't have any rights, so they decided with 3 other women to create a convention to tell the public their and other's viewpoints on women's rights. Each woman planning the convention was in charge of something and Stanton was in charge of writing a speech, because of her way with words.
Declaration of Sentiments
The Declaration of Sentiments was what Stanton called her speech/document. She based it on the Declaration of Independence which was so new her grandparents could recite it. It called out what rights women didn't have and that they should have those rights. One of the rights that women didn't have was the right to vote. When Lucretia Mott looked at the speech, she said that Stanton should take out the part claiming the right to vote because it was so radical it made the speech less convincing. Stanton however decided to keep it in there.
Declaration of Sentiments
http://www.nps.gov/wori/historyculture/declaration-of-sentiments.htm
The Convention
The convention was held at the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Seneca Falls. It was held on July 19th and 20th, 1848.
Here is a list of all the people that signed the Declaration of Sentiments.
http://www.nps.gov/wori/historyculture/signers-of-the-declaration-of-sentiments.htm
Watch the video
Susan B. Anthony
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
Alice Paul
Amelia Jenks Bloomer
Carrie Chapman Catt
Lucretia Mott
Jeannette Pickering Rankin
Lucy Stone
Sojourner Truth
Were all women suffragist
Fun Facts
We're half the people; we should be half the Congress.
-Jeanette Rankin

Bibliography
Council on Foreign Relations. Council on Foreign Relations, n.d. Web. 24 Mar. 2014. <http://www.civilwar.org/education/history/biographies/loreta-janeta-velazquez.html>.

"Elizabeth Cady Stanton Quote." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.

"Jeanette Rankin Quote." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.

"Lucretia Mott Quote." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.

Ness, Immanuel. Encyclopedia of American Social Movements. Vol. 1. Armonk, NY: Sharpe Reference, 2004. Print.

Ness, Immanuel. Encyclopedia of American Social Movements. Vol. 4. Armonk, NY: Sharpe Reference, 2004. Print.

Stalcup, Brenda. The Women's Rights Movement: Opposing Viewpoints. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 1996. Print.

"Susan B. Anthony Biography." Bio.com. A&E Networks Television, n.d. Web. 11 Mar. 2014.
1840 - 1848
1815
1820
1793
1859
1880
Saturday, March 8 was
International Women's Day for 2014

Women had to wear dresses that covered their wrists, neck, and ankles

There are now more than 200,000 women on active duty
Women who were single found it very hard to earn a living so they usually lived with relatives. At the relative’s house they helped by taking care of the children and other household chores. They spent many hours doing time consuming and tedious tasks of spinning. They were called “spinsters”. For all of these reasons, not many women were single. Also marriages were usually planned when they were kids, so that one or both families would inherit more.
Single Women
1818
1744
1797
1885
1821
https://www.mcu.usmc.mil/historydivision/Pages/Speeches/PublicLaw625.aspx
To read The Women's Armed Services Integration Act of 1948
Click here
Continued
"Susan B. Anthony Quote." BrainyQuote. Xplore, n.d. Web. 12 Mar. 2014.

United States. National Park Service. "Declaration of Sentiments." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 14 Feb. 2014. Web. 14 Mar. 2014.

United States. National Park Service. "Organizers of the First Women's Rights Convention." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 16 Feb. 2014. Web. 15 Mar. 2014.

United States. National Park Service. "Signers of the Declaration of Sentiments." National Parks Service. U.S. Department of the Interior, 15 Feb. 2014. Web. 14 Mar. 2014.
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