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The Wandering Falcon Presentation Group 3

Writing South Asia - Paul
by

Madeline Chamberlain

on 25 April 2013

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Transcript of The Wandering Falcon Presentation Group 3

The Wandering Falcon Riley Winstead, Heather Bridges, Madeline Chamberlain, Jacob Simpson, & Joshua Jahnsen Presentation Group Three Writing South Asia | Jay Paul
March 18, 2013 Chapter Seven: A Pound of Opium Joshua Jahnsen & Jacob Simpson Geography Plot & Analysis Characters Tribal Culture Discussion Questions Geography and Climate Characters Characters Tribal Culture Tribal Culture Discussion Questions Discussion Questions Chapter Eight: The Betrothal of Shah Zarina Heather Bridges & Riley Winstead Chapter Nine: Sale Completed Madeline Chamberlain & Riley Winstead Geography and Climate The chapter begins with Afzal Khan, Sherakai, and Shah Zarina walking through the desert towards Mian Mandi

They have already passed through woodland and cultivated fields and are now in a barren land of dry hills
Swat: woodland
Plateau of Malakand: irrigated orchards and fields

"Fields, cultivation, and vegetation had faded miles ago, and the land was now bleak, hot, and dusty" (p. 229-230) Geography and Climate Mian Mandi is village where Afzal Khan, Sherakai, and Shah Zarina stop
Stay at kebab store in Mian Mandi, in order to sell the women Swat Valley Afzal Khan > "Small and handsome" (227)
> Mohmand tribe
> Empathetic, but motivated by profit (229)
> Heartless when it comes to business matters (238-239) Sherakai > Sturdy-looking, fair-skinned, heavy jaw (232-233)
> Background in "A Pound of Opium"
> "Peasant morality" - repulsed by the innkeeper's boy (232)
> Sold to a brothel Shah Zarina > Eighteen years old, frail, but obvious inner strength and endurance (229)
> Sold for 3,000 rupees to Tor Baz
> Grateful to Afzal Khan - "I thank you...I shall always pray for you" (242) Tor Baz > Tells Afzal Khan he will marry Shah Zarina, laughs about it later (243)
> Reconsiders settling down with Shah Zarina
> No qualms about misleading both Afzal Khan and Shah Zarina Innkeeper's boy > Very sympathetic towards the women (234-235)
> Hated in return by the strongly Muslim women Afzal Khan stays at kebab shop to sell the two women

Serving boy is in a sexual relationship with innkeeper
Sherakai described as disapproving because of her "peasant morality" (p. 232)
Afzal Khan seems to be unconcerned, saying "you find all kinds of people in this world" (p. 233)

Market to sell women
Women have no say in who they are sold to
Treated as a common occurrence Hindu Kush range
Tirich Mir
Hindu Raj range
To south, basins of Panjkors, Swat, and Kandia Rivers Slopes covered with evergreen oak and pine, mountain grasslands, hills
Climate varies with elevation
mountain ranges - cold winters and cool summers; varying precipitation Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province of Pakistan
Mountain ranges, submontane areas, plains surrounded by hills Geography/Climate in the Chapter Set in small village "nestling between forest-covered slopes..." in a valley. p. 203
"...beside the left bank of the Swat River." p. 225

"People do not tend to live in villages in these mountains." p. 203
"frontier region" p. 204
"They lived quiet, tormented lives on windswept hilltops and dark, narrow mountain defiles..." p. 205

"The spring thaw was setting in after the winter of usual desperation and misery." p. 210
Ice cutters - cut ice from glaciers in the mountains and carry them into valley. p. 211 Sher Beg
Sherakai
Sher Beg's wife
Sherakai's husband
Sherakai's mother-in-law and children
The prince
Thieves at night
Tor Baz Shah Zarina Characters Fateh Mohammed Local mullah of Gujjar village
Tends to his "flock" spread over the mountains
Performs circumcision rites, weddings, funerals, exorcisms in exchange for payments
Proud
Jealous of man who is place in charge of the new village mosque
Schemes to blow up the mosque
One last gesture of defiance - call to prayer with "beautiful voice"
Poor, living on charity
Given free rent as gesture of charity
Given food by villagers on days when he stayed home
Provider
Lives with wife and 8 daughters
Finds a young man for his eldest daughter to marry
Shackled by tradition
Father was also a mullah
Tried to break away, but realized his life would be exactly like his father's Eldest daughter of Fateh Mohammed
Very beautiful
Arranged marriage
Other women jealous of her chance to escape
Pattern of life completely changes
Frightened, cold, lonely, neglected
Rebellious
Sabotages the bear - water, thorns, chilies, nails
Runs away from husband back to village
Crushed by family's gossip; runs away again
"I need employment. I can work hard." p. 226 Groom Young ice cutter
Captured and trained a bear to perform
Places priority on bear instead of wife
"I can get another wife but not another bear." p. 221 Plot & Analysis > Shares a border with Afghanistan in Pakistan's northwest
> Only accessible by two roads in summer and by air in winter
> Contains the Chitral River, terraced fields, and mountains Chitral District Tirich Mir > Highest mountain in Hindu Kush at 25,289 ft
> Believed to be more difficult to climb than Mount Everest
> Locals believed it to be impossible to climb based on superstition Mian Mandi > Has a bazaar Plot & Analysis Plot & Analysis Fateh Mohammed is the poor mullah of the (unnamed) town
He and his family live off the charity of the town
All of his 8 children are daughters
He tried to get control of the newly built mosque, but another mullah was put in charge
When Spring arrives, a bear trainer agrees to the bride price for Shah Zarina, one of Fateh's children, and the two are married after a month
Soon after the wedding, Shah Zarina leaves with her husband as he travels to various towns performing with the bear
Shah Zarina begins to resent the bear because her husband treats the bear better than he does her, saying "I can get another wife, but I can't get another bear" (p. 222) Being a guide/man of the mountain = honorable
Daughters = trade pieces
Climate-based society
Move out of the mountains once winter begins
Small children carried on the trek
Avoid certain towns/villages
Princes have younger women to please them
During the migration, attacked by certain groups
Robbers (took Sherakai and sheep)
Loyalty of husband Shah Zarina begins to mistreat the bear
Scatters thorns in its room
Puts red chilies in its bread
Pours water on it as it sleeps
Puts nails in husbands stick

Husband begins to treat her as the bear is treated
If something is done to the bear, husband responds in kind
Example: if the bear went hungry, Shah Zarina goes hungry

Shah Zarina runs home, where the town initially pities her
Rumors start about her and the circumstances of her troubles
Fateh and his wife complain about the extra mouth to feed and what to do if the husband wants his bride price back

Shah Zarina runs away from home and meets Afzal Khan, who claims he is taking his cousin to a city for employment and promises Shah Zarina the same
Author shows how the tribes are human like everyone else, with their virtues and faults The town shows originally charity and kindness to Fateh and his family
The owner of their home rents them the living space for free
The townspeople were excited (and envious) about Shah Zarina's chance to escape the town
The town originally commiserated with Shah Zarina
Low view of women
Bear trainer values his bear more
The town turns on Shah Zarina because she left the marriage
Hospitality and traditions
Feed the family of the bear trainer, even though Fateh is very poor
Praying at dawn mentioned (Muslims pray at specific times each day)
Muslim call to prayer performed by Fateh Plot & Analysis > (End of Ch. 8) Afzal Khan picks up Shah Zarina and tells her he will help her find a city job.

> Afzal Khan, Shah Zarina, & Sherakai travel to the kebab shop at Mian Mandi, where they stay until the market

> Numbers of men selling women and men looking to buy camp around the kebab shop and inn

> Afzal Khan approached by "scavengers" looking to make quick money as well as "reputable" brothel owners

> Sherakai sold to a brothel

> Shah Zarina sold to Tor Baz for a lower price because he claims he will marry her

> Tor Baz considers ending his wanderings and marrying Shah Zarina The innkeeper's boy The town is first shown as charitable (give Fateh food and free rent and sympathize with Shah Zarina), but then they turn on her. Why did the author choose to have this happen? Is there some meaning to be gleaned from this? Why was there such great opposition to the family and their livestock in certain areas?



At the end of the chapter, Tor Baz had already completed his assignment, so what purpose did he have at a slave market? Was he really going to "exchange gossip"? > Society's ironic sense of morality
> Women and young boy are in similar position of sexual slavery, yet the women feel no pity for him, while he pities them
> One kind of sexual slavery is completely unacceptable to the women, while the womens' own slavery is acceptable (or at least natural) to them
> Roles of women vs. men How do you think Sherakai wound up with Afzal Khan? Does she know she will be sold? Why did Tor Baz buy Shah Zarina? Why did he (possibly) decide to settle down?

Why did Shah Zarina not protest when she found out she had been sold for marriage rather than given a job as Afzal Khan had told her she would be?

Why did she thank Afzal Khan for selling her? Afzal Khan's wheeling and dealing: is he a good man? > Opportunistic, wily, low morals: Picks up stray women who go without protectors, lies to Shah Zarina about who Sherakai is and where they are going
> Dishonest: Tells Sherakai's and Shah Zarina's sob stories to potential buyers - Shah Zarina's is completely fictional
> Heartless: Tells the brothel men that Sherakai "will make a cheerful and willing worker...she will forget about her daughters in no time" (239).
> Still sympathetic: Prefers to sell Shah Zarina for marriage - she is young and beautiful and will almost certainly be abused in any other situation - even lowers her price to do so
> Shah Zarina apparently thinks he is a good man Ironies and injustices of tribal Muslim society > Sher Beg is out hunting
> He remembers his years as a guide on the Tirich Mir mountain
> Lost his job when it was finally climbed
> Sold his daughter Sherakai and left the village in shame
> Returned several years later
> Sherakai had three daughters with her husband
> They left their homes for the winter
> She went missing when the group was attacked
> Tor Baz was sent out on commission to gather some semi precious gems for a jeweler
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