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Rudyard Kipling

A quick biography on Kipling, his life, and his work, as well as two of Kipling's poems, analysed.

feyisola ayodeji

on 13 September 2011

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Transcript of Rudyard Kipling

Joseph Rudyard Kipling Joseph Rudyard Kipling was born 30th of December 1865, in Bombay, in British India to Alice Kipling and Lockwood Kipling . The English poet and story writer Rudyard Kipling was one of the first masters of the short story in English. In 1882 Kipling rejoined his parents in Lahore, India, where he became a copy editor for the Civil and Military Gazette. The couple had moved to India the same year they had Rudyard. Rudyard was named after where his parents met at Rudyard, Strafford in England. Rudyard left India at the age of five with his three year old sister. The two children lived with the couple Captain and Mrs. Holloway, for six years. 7 years later, Alice returned from India, and removed the children from Lorne Lodge. He was also the first to use Cockney dialect in serious poetry. In 1887 he moved to the Allahabad Pioneer, a better paper, which gave him greater liberty in his writing. He published satiric verses, Departmental Ditties in 1886, and over 70 short stories Influence and Journalism He was also the first poet to introduce cockney dialogue into serious poetry. In 1882 Kipling rejoined his parents in India. He became a copy editor for the Civil and Military Gazatte. 1887 he moved to the Allahabad Pioneer, a better paper, which gave him greater liberty in his writing He published satiric (sharply or bitterly witty) verses, Departmental Ditties in 1886, and over seventy short stories in 1888 in seven paperback volumes His stories were influenced by, Edgar Allen Poe (1809-1849), Bret Harte (1836-1902), and Guy de Maupassant (1850-1893). Although, each subject was Kipling's own. He wrote about things such as the Anglo-Indian soceity which he very much critizised, he also wrote about the life of a britsh soldier and of an Indian native, portraying it accurately, and sympathetically. In 1889, he voyaged through China,the United States, and Japan, by the time he had reached London, he found his stories had arrived ahead of him, making him well known, and establishing him as a brilliant new author. He went to a boarding school in Devon. There young "Gigger," as he was called,went through bullying and harsh discipline, but he also enjoyed the close friendships, practical jokes, and merry pranks he later recorded in Stalky & Co. (1899). Early Life Fame 'A Ballad of East and West' 'Mandalay' 'The English Flag' ...All poems, and a lot of them, portraying Kipling's introduction of cockney dialect. 'Danny Deever' 'Tommy' 'fuzzy-Wuzzy' Kipling's first novel, The Light That Failed (1891), was unsuccessful. But when his stories were collected as Life's Handicap (1891) and poems as Barrackroom Ballads (1892), Kipling replaced Alfred Lord Tennyson as the most popular English author. American Life In 1892 Kipling got married to Caroline Balestier. They settled on the Balestier estate near Brattleboro, Vermont, in the United States for four years. In this period of time, he wrote some of his best work... 'Many interventions' 1983... ..Debteably his best volume of short stories 'The Jungle Book' 1894 'The Second Jungle Book' 1895.. ...Two books of animal fables that were known and loved by people of all ages. 'The seven seas'- 1896, a collection of poems written in experimental rhythms. These works not only assured Kipling's lasting fame, It made him a very rich man!! Kipling was accepted into a circle of leading writers, whilst there, he wrote a number of stories and some of his best poems. His imperialism In 1887 he moved to the Allahba Pioneer, a better paper, which gave Kipling greater liberty in his writing. His stories were influnced by... Family Edgar Allan Poe (1809-1849) Bret Harte (1836–-1902) Guy de Maupassant (1850–-1893). He published satiric (sharply or bitterly witty) verses, Departmental Ditties in 1886. AND... over seventy short stories in 1888. In 1889 Kipling travelled through China, Japan and the United States. By the time he had reached London, he realised his stories had already reached there before him, making him an established new author. When the Spanish-American war broke out in 1898, and the Boer War in 1899.... Kipling got very interested in colonial affairs He began to publish a number of serious poems in 'The Times' The most famous of these, "Recessional" (July 17, 1897).. Issuing a warning to Englishmen to regard their accomplitments in the Diamond Jubilee with humility and awe rather than pride and arrogance. An equaly well known poem, "White Man's Burden" (published 1899), expressed clearly, the attitude towards the empire in, The Day's Work (1898) and A Fleet in Being (1898). Kipling had strong views, he referred to less highly devloped people as 'lesser breeds'. He considered order, discipline, humility, and sacrifice to be essential qualities of colonial rulers. These views were publicy declared wrong, racist, elitist, and jingoistic. Kipling simply thought the phrase 'white man' indicated citizens of a more highly devloped nation. He felt it their duty to spread, literacy, law and morality, throughout the world. Kipling spent several months in South Africa, during the Boer War, raising money for soldiers' relief, and worked on an army newspaper, the 'Friend'. Kipling and Caroline had three children. In 1901 Kipling published 'Kim', the last and the most charming of all his Indian portrayals. But the anti-imperialist reaction after the Boer war created a decline in Kipling's popularity. After Kipling published 'Five Nations' in 1903, he was attacked in Parodies, Caricatures, and serious protests broke out portraying Kipling as the opponent of a growing spirit of peace and equality. Kipling retired to 'Bateman's', a house near Burwash a remote village in Essex. Kipling's Later Works Kipling's subject now changed from the wide empire, to England itself. In 1902 he published 'Just So Stories' for Little Children. He also issued 'Puck of Pook's Hill' (1906) and 'Rewards and Fairies' (1910), two books of stories, of England's past Like the Jungle Books, they were intended for children, but were also suitable for adults. His most significant work at this time, was a number of short stories.... written in a different style.. "Traffics and Discoveries" (1904), "Actions and Reactions" (1904), "A Diversity of Creatures" (1917), "Debits and Credits" (1926), AND.. "Limits and Renewals" (1932). Kipling's later stories, had more complex, serious subjects. In 1907, he was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature, making him the first English language writer to receive the prize, and to date he remains its youngest recipient. Not only that but he was sounded out for the British Poet Laureateship and on several occasions for a knighthood, all of which he declined. Kipling's son John was rejected by army due to poor eyesight, but Kipling exerted great influence to have his son accepted for officer training, at the age of only 17. Partly in response to this tragedy from his sons death, Kipling joined Imperial War Graves Commission... The group are responsiblefor the garden-like British war graves that can be found to this day dotted along the former Western Front and all the other locations around the world where troops of the British Empire lie buried. Effects of the first World War They had three children.. His first child, Josephine, was born December 1892... .. And died at the age of 6, of pneumonia. Elsie the second child, was born in 1896... ...And died childless in 1976 And Kipling's last born, John, who was born in 1897.. ...died in WW1, at the age of 18 Kipling married Caroline Starr Balestier in 1892. They reflect Kipling's darkened view of the world after the death of his daughter Josephine in 1899, and the death of his son John in 1915. Consequently, these stories have never been as popular as Kipling's earlier works. But modern critics, in reevaluating Kipling, have found a greater power and depth that make them among his best work. He died on January 18, 1936, and is buried in Westminster Abbey in London, England. His autobiography: 'Something of Myself', was published in 1937. If

If you can keep your head when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you;
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too:
If you can wait and not be tired by waiting,
Or, being lied about, don't deal in lies,
Or being hated don't give way to hating,
And yet don't look too good, nor talk too wise;

If you can dream---and not make dreams your master;
If you can think---and not make thoughts your aim,
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster
And treat those two impostors just the same:.
If you can bear to hear the truth you've spoken
Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your life to, broken,
And stoop and build'em up with worn-out tools;

If you can make one heap of all your winnings
And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings,
And never breathe a word about your loss:
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
To serve your turn long after they are gone,
And so hold on when there is nothing in you
Except the Will which says to them: "Hold on!"

If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,
Or walk with Kings---nor lose the common touch,
If neither foes nor loving friends can hurt you,
If all men count with you, but none too much:
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds' worth of distance run,
Yours is the Earth and everything that's in it,
And---which is more---you'll be a Man, my son! The poems I will be looking at are.... 'If' by Rudyard Kipling, debateably one of Kipling's best And.... 'When Earth's last picture is painted' fortitude of charachter honesty patience paradox be optimistic when things go wrong, and don't give up (perseverance) tolerate people, even at the worst of times don't be cockey in the face of triumph, yet don't be put down in the face of disaster it is okay to hope, and to try, but be realistic in the approach, and do not make that your life's work rise above people, and do what you know is right. do not be provoked into wrong actions, know your self worth yet do not become conceited do not loose self respect, do what you have to do, without going about it the wrong way (don't be boastful) bit of rhyming there enjambment(throughout) sensible, calm rhyme scheme , expresses seriosness of poem The poet rudyard kipling is frequently found getting high on weed and watching homosexual porno be ambitious, yet realistic evaluate things in life, but that doesnt mean you hesitate or forsee everything face both accomplishments and defeat... ...yet be both humble and gracious in both circumstances being able to tolerate and ignore those who twist your words, for silly and gullable people to believe to bear your life's works being demolished , yet get down and pick them up again have the courage to gamble what you gain, just like that... but loose, and just start again never saying or referring to anything about your defeat if you can do what it takes and put in the energy and force keep on going, till the death
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