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Socrates: Critical Pedagogue

Reading Response #4
by

chris smith

on 19 June 2013

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Transcript of Socrates: Critical Pedagogue

Teaching Method
&
Purpose
Socratic Irony
Socratic Method

Self-Knowledge
Individual moral good
Skill in thinking
“understanding a question is half an answer”
-Socrates
Charged with atheism and corruption of youth
and sentenced to death
Problem Centered
Based upon student experience
Critical Thinking
Teaching is drawing forth not telling
Learning is discovery
Military service at 18
fighting against Sparta
I love you
Ancient History?
or sage of the ages?
Occasional stonecutter and sculptor
Married to Xanthippe
Born in Athens
469 BCE
Socrates:
Critical Pedagogue

Known only by the writings of students such as Plato since he wrote nothing himself
A teaching technique in which a teacher does not give information directly but instead asks a series of questions, with the result that the student comes either to the desired knowledge by answering the questions or to a deeper awareness of the limits of knowledge
“I cannot teach anybody anything. I can only make them think.”
-Socrates
A means by which the pretended ignorance of a skillful questioner leads the person answering to expose his own ignorance
“Know thyself”
-Socrates
“Education is the kindling of a flame, not the filling of a vessel”
-Socrates
“The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.”
Socrates
A problem is posed in the form of a question
Response is based upon student experience and knowledge
Student must use critical thinking
Teacher draws the answer from the student
Student learns when he discovers the answer
Contribution to Education
Socratic Dialogue!
“The only true wisdom is in knowing you know nothing.”
-Socrates
“The unexamined life is not worth living.”
-Socrates
399 BCE
Self-inflicted death by hemlock
References

Brandli, D. (2012, February). Socratic Education. Retrieved July 1st, 2012 from
http://humanstudy.org/history/2012-02-brandli-d.html

Gill, N. (n.d.). Socrates. Retrieved July 1st, 2012 from
http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/socratesbio/p/Socrates.htm

Moore, G. (2009, October). Socrates [HTML format]. Retrieved July 2nd, 2012 from Lecture Notes Online Web site
http://www.cals.ncsu.edu/agexed/aee501/socrates.html

Socrates. (n.d.). Retrieved July 1st, 2012 from
http://www.goodreads.com/author/quotes/275648.Socrates

"Socrates." Encyclopedia of World Biography. 2004. Retrieved July 1st, 2012 from Encyclopedia.com:
http://www.encyclopedia.com/doc/1G2-3404706039.html

Wink, J. (2011). Critical Pedagogy Notes from the Real World (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.
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