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Iguazú National Park
Transcript of Iguazú National Park
WHAT IS IT?
It´s an area of more than 250 000 km²declared protected on 1934 to conserve the environment and biodiversity of the Iguazú waterfalls.
WHERE IS IT?
FAUNA AND FLORA
The flora is compound for more than 90 species.
It´s jungle has abundant lianas and ferns. And there also grow up several trees species characterized for its need of water.
The fauna is formed by 450 species of birds: toucans, crows, lapwings, parrots and amazing waterfall swifts, a unique species of the Iguazú Falls. Alligators, lizards and 80 species of mammals, including monkeys, coatis, and five varieties of cats, plus some seriously endangered species as the "tiger" or jaguar and ocelot. Also countless insects, with lots of colorful butterflies.
They were declared Natural World Heritage on 1934 and recently chosen as one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. They were originated more than 200 thousand years ago and they´re known as the milestone of the three borders. They were formed by a geological fault in the bed of the river Paraná. According to the river´s flow you can see between 160 and 260 waterfalls, the most known of them is the Garganta del Diablo.
GARGANTA DEL DIABLO
El Salto Union is the waterfall that gives rise to the Garganta del Diablo, which is on the line that divides Brazil from Argentina.
It is the culmination of the tour of the Iguazu River into a union of jumps over 150mts long with a drop height of 80mts, horseshoe-shaped.
There you can see the Swifts, a bird species found only there and which are adapted to a powerful vision that allows them to pass through the curtain of water and nest on the rocks which are behind the waterfalls.
FULL MOON TOURS
Every month on full moon 3 hours rides are organized by the park to see the Garganta del Diablo at night with dinner included. One of the surprising facts is that the moon changes color through the night.
The area shows signs of man´s habitation of 10.000 years ago when the Guaranis, from the north, arrived to the region and displaced the native of language Ye living there at the moment.
Álvar Nuñez Cabeza de Vaca was the first European to reach the falls, in 1542, baptizing them as "Saltos de Santa María."