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Leadership in the Movies: Invictus
Transcript of Leadership in the Movies: Invictus
Will Clarkson Movie Synopsis Nelson Mandela, President of South Africa elected in 1994
At this point in time apartheid was extremely detrimental to South Africa as a country.
Mandela uses South Africa's rugby team to create peace among the white and black citizens.
Mandela works closely with the Springboks' team captain, Francois to ensure that South Africa wins the World Cup. Followers and Goals Leadership Competencies Behavioral Approach Contingency Approach Influence Tactics Leader Effectiveness Nelson Mandela demonstrated effective leadership
Transforming and charismatic leadership
Mandela was effective in that he was able to use the rugby team to unify the white and black citizens of South Africa.
Mandela was also effective in his ability to move his followers with compelling speeches , causing the people of South Africa to share his vision. Followers Followers of Mandela include the people of South Africa
The Springboks rugby team
Those that work for Mandela try to follow him in his efforts to unify South Africa (support his ideas and goals) Goals Primary goal of Mandela is to unify South Africa: "One team. One country."
Mandela wants his people to love one another and serve one another Drive Mandela is driven by both his people and himself
High need for achievement (in regards to Springboks, the nation of South Africa, and himself)
"In order to build our nation, we must all exceed our own expectations"
Driven by the vision of a nation moving forward, transformational goals Desire to Lead "How do you inspire your team to do better?"
Mandela has a strong desire to lead his nation to peace
Has a strong desire to lead, but also a strong desire to serve
Need for socialized power, wants the support of his people Leadership Competencies, Continued Honesty and Integrity Strong supporter of anti-apartheid
Went to jail for 27 years for his cause, before being elected president of South Africa
Led by example
"Diehard" according to Kellerman regarding followership: Was Mandela a follower? Self-Confidence Mandela has confidence in his ability to do good for the nation
Also has confidence in his followers
"...how do we inspire ourselves to greatness when nothing less will do? How do we inspire everyone else around us?" Leadership Competencies, Continued Cognitive Ability Mandela appears to be more of a visionary than most
Unique idea to unify the nation of South Africa by getting them all to support one team
Seems to have all of the answers: Does he really? Do leaders have all answers? Knowledge of the Business Primary goal is to eliminate apartheid, which Mandela has had a long term interest in (and has an idea of how to do it)
Knows his people well
Knows about rugby (used to play) and has an understanding of the way teams function Leadership Competencies, Continued Other Competencies: Charisma, Flexibility, and Creativity Mandela is friendly and comes to know Springboks players by name
Charismatic: Encourages South Africans and promotes a call to action
Creative: Unifies South Africa through support of the rugby team (innovative idea)
Flexibility: Restores journey to vision of peace, even after imprisonment "I found inspiration in a poem. Just words, but they helped me to stand when all I wanted to do was lie down." “Influence tactics refer to one person’s actual behaviors designed to change another person’s attitudes, beliefs, values or behaviors” (Hughes, 1993)
Inspirational Appeals- Mandela made requests that are consistent with people’s emotions and feelings.
Rational Persuasion- Mandela utilized logical and practical arguments to convince and persuade others of his goals Influence Tactic Examples “If you are packing up because of your language, or the color of your skin, or who you worked for before disqualifies you from working here
I am here to tell you have no fear. If you want to stay you would be doing your country a great service.
All I ask is that you do your work to the best of your abilities and with good heart; I promise to do the same.
If we can manage that our country will be a shining light in the world”. Power Types Legitimate- Mandela's position as President
Referent- Francois as well as other rugby players looked up to Mandela immensely.
Expert- Knowledgeable about South Africa and it's culture. Mandella makes friends with Francois Pienaar
He wants to use the Sprinkboks to unite South Africa.
Mandella is relationship-oriented, wants to mend the relationships between the white Africaners and the black Africaners
Telling/Directing: Defines roles and tasks, supervises closely. Decisions are made and announced by the leader. Behavioral Approach, Continued “Our enemy is no longer the Africaners. They are our fellow South Africans, our partners in democracy, and they treasure Springboks rugby. If we take that away, we lose them. We prove that we are what they feared we would be. We have to be better than that… This is no time to celebrate petty revenge”. Task-Oriented and People-Oriented
9,9 Team Management
Unites South Africa and moves the country from apartheid to a state of equality.
People-oriented- stops during the game to say thank you to the man waiving the flag, despite his security detail telling him not to go into the stands and the boos from much of the crowd. Transformational Leadership Inspirational motivation- casts the vision of a nation of equality
Intellectual stimulation- engages followers in dialogue, questions opinions
Idealized influence- charismatic, builds strong emotions in followers
Individual consideration- gives recognition Charismatic Leadership Nelson Mandela exhibited charismatic leadership through his motivational speeches with the rugby team and the people of South Africa. His speeches were both encouraging and compelling resulting in the desire to change South African culture. Conclusion Nelson Mandela led the people of South Africa out of an era of apartheid.
Mandela used the Springboks rugby team to influence and unite the South African people.
Nelson Mandela used various power sources and influence tactics to communicate his goals.
Mandela's effective leadership allowed his transformational vision to be understood and adopted by everyone. Influence Tactic Examples, Continued “Our enemy is no longer the Africaaners. They are our fellow South Africans, our partners in democracy, and they treasure Springbok rugby. If we take that away, we lose them. We prove that we are what they feared we would be. We have to be better than that… This is no time to celebrate petty revenge”.