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Women's Rights in the 1930s
Transcript of Women's Rights in the 1930s
The nineteenth amedment, which was ratified on August 18, 1920 by the Tennessee General Assembly stated, "The right of citizens of the United States to vote shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex." But... What really happened after the 19th amendment was ratified? In Sum.... It neither dramtically changed women's
lives like anticipated by both suffragists and anti-suffragists anticipated. It did not have the desired effect to liberate women and make people equal, no matter gender or race. Nor did it launch chaos into the century as antisuffragists warned others to be wary of. Many women in the 1930s were employed. Some of them were in domestic or personal service and some professional women were schoolteachers or nurses. Women in the 1930s in fact entered the workforce at a rate twice of men. Women constituted 7 percent of all workers in the automobile industry and 25 percent in the electrical industry. For the most part women worked long hours for low wages in the 1930s. Some people couldn't send their children to school because they didn' have clothes for them. In some labor camps shaving was a luxury because water cost so much. 1. Workforce 1930 census: 11 million working women (24.3% of all women)
By the end of 1939: 13 million employed women
Women: domestic or personal organizations, BUT...
Men: controlled most public offices
Women had lower wages and worked for longer hours than men did.
Annual Pay (1937): $525 $1,027
So, did women achieve a higher status in the workforce?
compared to the past 50 years compared to men
2. Politically Women started to vote in 1919, but did they gain true political equality with men?
Men didn't listen to women's advice when the matter was about something big and important.
Machinery of political parties were always in the hands of men.
The fact was that women were not taken seriously by the men.
"Frozen out" from any influence in men's political p arties.
No actual political positions, low political status. Don't
!!!!! :) :( Presented by... Allen Wang Angela Lin Women's Status Jane Matilda Bolin Jane Matilda Bolin first female to graduate from Yale Law School
became first female to serve as a judge at US
life was tough for her during Yale
being picked by classmates
gained Yale degree at 1931
first female to join the New York City Bar Association
retired at 1979 Austin Yang Samantha Chiang Thank you for listening~~ Frances Perkins -first female appointed to the U.S. Cabinet
-1933 Roosevelt appointed Perkins as Secretary of the Department of Labor
-held this position for 12 years
-held this position longer than other Secretary of the Department of Labor
-created laws that benefits unemployed, child, and pensions for elder Americans
-established the first minimum wage and overtime laws for American workers(40 hours/week)
-resisted having American women being draft to serve in the military
-she reduced the workplace accidence efficiently
-help fight craft laws against child labor
-1945 requested to serve on the United States Civil Service Commission by President Harry S. Truman,
she accepted until 1952 which is the year she died