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Russian "Gun Powder" Empire
Transcript of Russian "Gun Powder" Empire
Much of Russia was surrounded by other empires such as the mughal, which made it difficult for trade and expansion.
Rise of the Russian Empire
Russia was originally under mongol rule, however managed to shed its grasp between 1450 and 1480. Without prior control from the Mongols, Russia would not have been able to cast off the rule without the contributions and tools the mongols provided for their liberation and independence.
Ivan the Great
Ivan the Terrible
Ivan IV was a viscous ruler and was known to behead, impale or boil alive his enemies. One of his victims was his own son.Ivan was the one to finally defeat the Kazan Khante which was the Mongul empire that gave Russia a hard time. Ivans most important contribution to Russia was how he dealt with the powerful class of Russia's aristocrats.
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Ivan the great was the first significant leader of the Russian Empire. He married the niece of the last Byzantine Emperor for political reasons. He exploited his close ties to the orthodox church to give legitimacy to his wars on territorial expansion. This lead to the increased power of the central Russian Government and expanded land that all can be attributed to Ivan the Great.
Peter the Great
Peter believed that the empire could only become powerful by imitating western successes, and instituted several reforms. He was not interested in Parliamentary governments or movements toward social reform. He was more concerned with the benefits of the Science Revolution; things that particularly benefited military progress. When he died Russia had been been transformed into a better empire.
Peter built an army by offering better pay and drafted peasants for service a s professional soldiers. He created a navy by importing western engineers and craftsmen to build ships and shipyards. The Gunpowder Empire made weapons and had better military skills.
Orthodox Christian Church was their dominant religion which was controlled by the Tsars.
Peter moved his court from Moscow to a location on the Baltic Sea called St.Petersburg. The city had a great harbor for the navy and the architecture was European. He wanted the move to symbolically and literally break the hold that old Russian religions and cultural traditions had on the government In order to pay for all of his improvements he decided to tax his citizens.
During the era of the Russian empire most of the population were farmers. A very small population lived in towns. This was a result of long winters and minimal trade. Most people relied on the seasonal changes for different product. During the reign of Peter the great, he enforced nobles to shave their beards because it was considered a sign of religious pity. The upper classes of Russia practiced European manners and appropriate french as the language of social life. Social classes of Russia were made up of aristocrats, serfs, and poor family's were farmers. Women did not have many rights as was common in most of Europe during the era.
Art and Literature
The Russian Empire was not a part of the growth seen in the Renaissance due to the prior rule of the mongols who were semi- illiterate. All of the Architecture of the Russian Empire was done by serfs as Romanov policy.
End of Russian Gun Powder Empire
The Empire that was reffed to as the Gun powder empire did not fall, but was simply passed on to another ruler Catherine the Great who continued with the expansion in arts and society as the rulers before her.
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