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Chocolate on the Brain and Body

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Lauren Hoogerland

on 4 April 2014

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Transcript of Chocolate on the Brain and Body

Loss in ability to remember new information
Loss of "common sense"
Inability to recognize familiar faces and dress oneself in an orderly fashion
Loss of speech, writing, and reading abilities
Change in a persons "normal" personality and behavior
Chocolate's Effects on Alzheimer's, Dementia, and Related Health Issues
Structure of Chocolate
Flavanols
Caffeine
Theobromine
Increases availability of serotonin
Phenylethylamine
Anandamide
Also rich in iron, copper, magnesium, chromium, and zinc
Health Benefits of Chocolate
Protect blood vessels and the skin
Help spatial memory
Weaken harmful immune responses
Increase awareness, alertness, and thought formation
Trigger the release of endorphins
lower blood sugar
Alzheimer's and Dementia
Symptoms
American Academy Neurology (AAN) Study
What Does This Study Show?
Diabetes, High Blood Pressure, and Stroke
Conclusion

Outline
1. Introduction
2. History, structure, and health benefits of chocolate
3. How chocolate could help Alzheimer's or Dementia
American Academy of Neurology study
4. Studies on health issues related to Alzheimer's and Dementia
High blood pressure, diabetes, and stroke
5. Conclusion

History of Chocolate
Used in ancient Mesoamerican civilizations
Considered a delicacy
Often drank ground cacao seeds mixed with seasonings
Spanish conquistadors brought the seeds and preparation methods to Europe
First written records for the medicinal uses of chocolate- 1520
Cacao, cocoa, and chocolate
(points 1-5) Dillinger, T. L., et al. (2000). Chocolate: Modern science investigates an ancient medicine.
The Journal of Nutrition

(point 6) Aaron, S., Bearden., M. (2008). Chocolate: A healthy passion
(Point 1) ) Aaron, S., Bearden., M. (2008). Chocolate: A healthy passion
(points 2- 3) Crawford, B. (2011). How does chocolate affect the nervous system? Livestrong.com.
(Point 4-6) Kilham, C. (2011). Chocolate: The love drug… and why it’s good for you. Foxnews.com
(Point 1) Castell, M., Perez-Cano, F. J., & Bisson, J. F. (2013). Clinical benefits of cocoa: An overview. In Watson, R. R., Preedy, V. R., & Zibadi, Sherma (Eds.), Chocolate in Health and Nutrition
(Points 2-6) Kilham, C. (2011). Chocolate: The love drug… and why it’s good for you. Foxnews.com.
(Point 7) Aaron, S., Bearden., M. (2008). Chocolate: A healthy passion
Alzheimer's
Misfolding proteins theory
Amyloid-beta protein
Dementia: degrading of the cerebral cortex
Vascular dementia: inadequate blood flow to the brain
A comparison of a normal brain to a brain affected by Alzheimer’s disease.
(Petit, 2009, next to para. 1).
(points 1-2) Walker, L.C., & Jucker, M. (2013). Seeds of dementia.
Scientific American
.
(points 3-4) Robinson, R., & Odle, T. (2006). Dementia.
In The gale encyclopedia of medicine
.
A study conducted by the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) and a team from Harvard University
Tested the effects chocolate has on the brain
Participants were required to perform memory and thinking skills test before and after the experiment.

(all points) Nordqvist, C. (2009). What is Alzheimer's disease? What causes Alzheimer's disease?
Medical News Today.
Two cups of hot cocoa a day may help keep the brain healthy
Farzaneh A. Sorond explains neurovascular coupling
Relationship between greater blood flow and energy
There is a strong relationship between neurovascular coupling and cognitive function

American Academy of Neurology (AAN) (2013).
Chocolate may help keep brain healthy.
ScienceDaily.
American Academy of Neurology (AAN) (2013). Chocolate may help keep brain healthy. ScienceDaily.
Type 2 Diabetes:
Penn State University study on mice
Insulin sensitivity
High Blood Pressure:
European Society of Cardiology study
Stroke:
Swedish studies on chocolate and strokes
Dark chocolate undoubtedly has many health benefits
There is a bright future for the use of chocolate as a medicinal remedy
Chocolate Candy Mall. (2014). Chocolate Easter bunny
Works Cited
Daily Mail Reporter. (2013). Could chocolate stave off dementia? Daily
dose could help keep condition at bay.
MailOnline.
American Academy of Neurology (AAN) (2013). Chocolate may help keep brain healthy. ScienceDaily. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2013/08/130807204447.htm
Aaron, S., & Bearden, M. (2008). Chocolate: A healthy passion. Amherst, NY: Prometheus Books.
Barnett, S. (2012). Chocolate may help men dodge strokes too. ABC News. Retrieved from http://abcnews.go.com/blogs/health/2012/08/29/chocolate-may-help-men-dodge-strokes-too/
Castell, M., Perez-Cano, F. J., & Bisson, J. F. (2013). Clinical benefits of cocoa: An overview. In Watson, R. R., Preedy, V. R., & Zibadi, Sherma (Eds.), Chocolate in Health and Nutrition. 7, 265-275. doi: 10.1007/978-1-61779-803-0_19
Crawford, B. (2011). How does chocolate affect the nervous system? Livestrong.com. Retrieved from http://www.livestrong.com/article/544520-how-does-chocolate-affect-the-nervous-system/
Dillinger, T.L., Barriga, P., Escarcega, S., Jimeez, M., Lowe, D.S., & Grivetti, L. E. (2000). Chocolate: Modern science investigates an ancient medicine. The Journal of Nutrition. Retrieved from http://jn.nutrition.org/content/130/8/2057S.full.pdf
European Society of Cardiology. (2010). Chocolate might reduce blood pressure and risk of heart disease, research suggests. ScienceDaily. Retrieved from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/03/100330092809.htm
Holtzman, D., Goate, A., Kelly, J., & Sperling, R. (2011). Mapping the road forward inAlzheimer’s disease. ScienceTranslationMedicine, 3(114). Retrieved from http://stm.sciencemag.org/content/3/114/114ps48.full?sid=4d80a104-45c1-4d97-871c-de40f66a4554
Kilham, C. (2011). Chocolate: The love drug… and why it’s good for you. Foxnews.com. Retrieved from: http://www.foxnews.com/health/2011/02/07/chocolate-love-drug-good/
MacGill, M. (2013). "What is dementia? The signs, symptoms and causes of dementia." Medical News Today. Retrieved from http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/142214.
Petit, C. (2009). Brit Press, etc: A new drug for Alzheimer's generates cautious hopes among docs, raves among some journalists. Science Journalism. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/imghp?hl=en&tab=wi&ei=QxuFUsLMJuOGyQHTx4G4Aw&ved=0CAQQqi4oAg.
Robinson, R., & Odle, T. (2006). Dementia. In The gale encyclopedia of medicine (3rd ed., Vol. 2, p. 1128-1131). Retrieved from http://galegroup.com
Song,S. (2011). Study: chocolate lovers have lower risk of stroke. Time. Retrieved from http://healthland.time.com/2011/10/11/study-chocolate-lovers-have-lower-risk-of-stroke/
Tate, N. (2013). Chocolate could control diabetes. Prevention. Retrieved from http://www.prevention.com/health/diabetes/chocolate-and-diabetes-risk-0
Walker, L. C., & Jucker, M. ( 2013). Seeds of dementia. Scientific American,0513(52), 52-57
Questions?
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