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US Civil War Battles

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on 12 March 2015

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Transcript of US Civil War Battles

US Civil War Battles
By: Tyler and Adolfo
Battle of Fort Sumter
Picture of Fort Sumter before carnage
Ft. Sumter
Fort Sumter During Artillery Fire
- Took place on April 12, 1861, in Charleston Harbor
- First skirmish of the war
- No Casualties
- Confederate Victory
- North Leader, Major Anderson
- South Leader, Brig. Gen. P.G.T. Beauregard
Civil War Battle
Introduction
From 1861 to 1865 our new country was torn apart through war. Brother against brother, friend against friend, family vs. family. Many battles were fought, over 50 major ones. Some in the fields, others in peoples' backyards. But through the explanation of some these battles will we show the outcome and effects of this terrible war.
Union-left/Confederate-right
Battle of Bull Run (First Manassas)
- July 21st, 1861, in Bull Run. Which was just near Manassas Junction
- First major land battle
- 4,878 Casualties. 2,896 from the Union, 1,982 from the Confederate.
- Union leader was Irvin Mcdowell
- Confederate leader was P.G.T. Beauregard
- Proved that neither sides were ready for war
Manassas Junction
Disorganization of both sides at Bull Run
- April 6-7, 1862 in Pittsburg Landing
- Surprise attack on the Union forces who were camped, training recruits, and awaiting reinforcements
- Albert Johnston (Confederate) wanted to attack before the reinforcements arrived
- 23,746 casualties. 13,047 from the Union, and 10, 669 from the Confederates.
- Confederates tried to push through Union forces, but ended in their retreat and a stalemate.
Ulyssess Grant
Union Leaders
Don Carlos Buell
Confederate Leaders
Albert Johnston
PGT Beauregard
Battle of Antietam
- September 16, 1862, in Sharpsburg Maryland. Fought on a cornfield.
- 22,717 Casualties. 12,401 from the Union, 10,316 from the Confederates.
- Bloodiest one day battle in all history
- Union forces greatly outnumbered the Confederates
- Confederate forces retreat the next day giving the Union the victory.
- Emancipation Proclamation
Bridge over Atietam Creek
Sunken Road
Union Leaders
Confederate Leaders
Robert E. Lee
George B. McClellan
Battle of Gettysburg
- July 1-3, 1863, in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
- Total of 165,620 troops all together
- Casualties were 51,112. 23,049 from the North, and 28,063 from the South
- Farthest north the Confederates would ever get
- Cemetery and Culp's Hill
- Pickett's Charge
- Union victory. This boosted the North's morale tremendously and changed the tide of the war
- Gettysburg Address
Cemetery and Culp's Hills
Abraham Lincoln at Gettysburg Address
Union Leaders
Confederate Leaders
Robert E. Lee
George G. Meade
Battle of Atlanta
- July 22nd, 1864, in Atlanta Georgia
- Casualties were 9,222. 3,722 Union Casualties and 5,500 Confederate.
- An attempted flank on Sherman's separated army by John Hood, but failed
- Union Victory
- Led to Sherman's march to the sea and the burning down of the Confederate Capital.
Fighting in Atlanta
Map of Battle of Atlanta
Union Leaders
Confederate Leaders
John Bell Hood
William T. Sherman
Appomattox Court House
- April 9th, 1865, at the Appomattox Courthouse in Virginia
- Only 700 casualties, mostly from the Confederates
- Lee's forces were driving Grant's Union forces back, opening a passage way.
- More Union forces arrived from all directions and encircled Lee.
- To save his men Lee surrendered to Grant at the Appomattox Courthouse.
- Not the end of the war, but led to the surrender of the rest of the Southern armies and started the reconstruction and "re'seccession" process
Ulysses Grant's forces surround Lee
Robert Lee's surrender at Appomattox Court house
The End
Newspaper article after surrender of Lee
Surrender of Confederate Army
Citations
Battle of Shiloh
Full transcript