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on 28 October 2013

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Transcript of Feaudilism

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli
In Japan, feudalism was a simple status. The emperor, or Shogun, ruled the kingdom while peasants tended to crops in exchange for protection from the samurai. The crops were mainly rice, being easy to grow and farm. Many of their towns were Buddhist and created cultural rituals, such as funerals.
feudalism is...
"The dominant social system in medieval Europe, in which the nobility held lands from the Crown in exchange for military service, and vassals were in turn tenants of the nobles, while the peasants (villeins or serfs) were obliged to live on their lord's land and give him homage, labor, and a share of the produce, notionally in exchange for military protection."
Feudalism in both Europe and Japan is very similar. Both have a sort of rular, protectors, and people who work the crops. Also, both have little trade. Along with that, the system works so the peasants work for something: protection. However, Japan wasn't ruled by a church, and didn't get rid of education to focus on security and food.
Feudalism in Europe consisted of your basic medieval times: knights, kings, and peasants. The church mainly ruled the kingdoms and everybody did what the church said. Many of the battles fought were for religion or land, thus the battles in Jerusalem. Since there wasn't much trade or food, people had to grow thir own food, mainly done by peasants, and got safety from the castle. This also influenced children to get no education , so it was huge when they started to want to learn.
Europe: 500-1200
Europeans take an interest in an education, that isn't connected to the church or becoming a priest, causing churches to slowly lose their power over towns.

This began a whole new era in Europe where people begin to advance intellectually and get out of the medieval times
In the west of Europe, trade and towns began to decrease and people form new towns, beginning to make castles to shield them.

This was the unofficial beginning to forming the medieval era. People joined together for security and due to lack of trade, the people began their own culture.
A group called the First Crusades kill off the muslim inhabitants of Jerusalem, where Jerusalem ends up dying, and divides Jerusalem into four principalities.

This fight over the religious land has come to a rest, for now, resulting in knights being able to return to keep defending their kingdoms.
The first windmill in Europe has been invented.
This brings technological advancements to Europe and later spreads to the modern, energy-saving windmill.
Monks in Ireland create and introduce some of the most amazing art.

This adds more cultural elements to the Irish culture and it still lasts today
The early medieval ages begin, commencing Europe into a new era.
Muslims proceed to take over Spain, resulting in a change in religion.
Scholasticism begins to reemerge in attempt to bring back philosophy. This points out that Europe is steadily regrowing and about to rise to become one of the greatest areas. Also, this means that they are starting to get back to education and philosophy.
Buddhism comes to Japan, made popular by the leading class, samurai. From there the religion grew to one of the biggest there were.
Shoguns, a military dictatorship group, take over Japan and rule, successfully keeping invaders out.
Rice agriculture begins and a social hierarchy begins. Along with that, small towns join together and create big towns.
Tombs began being built for the deceased.
Harsh weather conditions prevent the Mongols from invading Japan, twice.
Thousands die from the cause of famine. This forces a lot more manual work and this carried on with them throughout life and cultures
Yorotomo is selected as a "Shogun" by the emperor. He stays in a residence in a palace, where he later does damage.
Chinese alphabet used by Japanese. This creates something to base their language off of and a basis for language
(Obviously more popular in Europe)
Full transcript