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Manifest Destiny & Growth of a Nation

Westward Expansion Unit
by

Emily Holt

on 14 March 2015

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Transcript of Manifest Destiny & Growth of a Nation

Manifest Destiny is the belief that the US should expand its territory from coast to coast

What is Manifest Destiny?
American Progress Color Lithograph by George A. Crofutt and John Gast. Library of Congress.

American Progress
Objective:
I will explain
Manifest Destiny.
(Don’t write this down! Just think!)
Why weren’t Americans happy with the size of their country at this point in their history?

Thinking Question

U.S. declared independence
from Great Britain.
American Revolution.

Great Britain

1776

US Territorial Expansion
Map of United States Circa 1830

Manifest Destiny
Mexican Cession

Polk offers to buy the land from Mexico & they refuse.
War breaks out!
The U.S. wins.
The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, Mexico gave the U.S. the territories of California, Nevada and Utah, most of Arizona and New Mexico, and parts of Colorado and Wyoming.
The US also claimed Texas north of the Rio Grande
The U.S. paid $15 million for the territory
Today this is the American southwest.
Mexican Cession increased the size of the US by 25%


Mexico

1848

US Territorial Expansion
1845

US Territorial Expansion

Mexico
Texas
Louisiana Purchase

1803

US Territorial Expansion
France

Great Britain

1783

US Territorial Expansion
Oregon Territory

Questions over the Oregon territories had long existed.
Russia, France, Britain and the United States all had claims in the area.
Russia and France gave up their claims.
Americans demanded “54° 40’ or fight!”
Britain compromised 49° & U.S. accepted.

Great Britain

1846

US Territorial Expansion
Florida

Spain

1819

US Territorial Expansion
The term Manifest Destiny was first coined by Congressman Robert Winthrop
and then made popular by newspaper publisher John O'Sullivan in the 1840's.
It meant that it was Gods will that Americans expand from sea to sea.

Americans claimed they were bringing
God, technology
and
civilization
to the west.
Of course they also brought death, disease, and war but that was never publicized.
1.A. What do you 1st notice about this painting? Why? Make 3-5 other observations with your shoulder partner.
1. B. What direction are people traveling? Why?
1. C. What methods of transportation are represented in this painting?
2. A. What is the woman doing in the painting?
2. B. Make an educated guess about what this woman represents.
3. The Artist contrasted East & West. Match each word to Whether it describes the East or West as shown by the painting.
A. Light D. Wilderness
B. Dark E. Danger
C. Cities F. Technology
4. Place a Check Mark next to all statements that supports the artist's contrast of East & West.

A. Americans will bring technology to the West!
B. The Native Americans of the west are noble men.
C. It is America's destiny to spread from East to West.
If you were a settler in the American West, would you believe in Manifest Destiny? Why or why not?
Expansion
"[It is] our Manifest Destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty."
- John O'Sullivan 1845
"If a young man is about to commence in the world... we say to him publicly and privately, go to the West. There, your capabilities are sure to be appreciated and your industry and energy rewarded." - Horace Greely 1850
" It is America's right to stretch from sea to shining sea. Not only do we have a responsibility to our citizens to gain valuable natural resources we also have a responsibility to civilize this beautiful land. - Admiral Alfred Thayer Mahan
What does each quote mean to you?
1. What is a common theme shared by all three quotations?
2. What reasons do the authors give for moving West?
3. Does each author characterize Manifest Destiny as more of a
right
or a
responsibility
? Explain.
Manifest Destiny is the belief that the US
should expand its territory from coast to coast.
What is Manifest Destiny?
Review
The Manifest Destiny Painting conveys the history of the past, the
innovations of the present and a vision of the future.
The Manifest Destiny of the United States was believed by many Americans to be providence and God's will. The Manifest Destiny was interpreted as the fusion between God’s will and the nation’s character that indicated divine sanction to the westward expansion of the United States. Many Americans were receptive to the idea of Manifest Destiny and believed it was their 'divine obligation' to extend the lands of the United States of America.
American's believed they were bringing what 3 things to the West?
God, technology & civilization.
Who initiated the phrase Manifest Destiny?
The man credited with initiating the phrase 'Manifest Destiny' was
John O’Sullivan an influential writer and newspaper editor.
What problems do you predict were caused by Manifest Destiny & Westward Expansion?
Objective:
I will draw and explain the geographic
land growth of the United States.
The Growth of a Nation
When did the U.S. acquire the land?


Who did we get the land from?


How did the U.S. get the land?
Western Lands

When did the U.S. acquire the land?


Who did we get the land from?


How did the U.S. get the land?
When did the U.S. acquire the land?


Who did we get the land from?


How did the U.S. get the land?
Original 13 Colonies
When did the U.S. acquire the land?


Who did we get the land from?


How did the U.S. get the land?
1818
Ceded by Great Britain
When did the U.S. acquire the land?


Who did we get the land from?


How did the U.S. get the land?
When did the U.S. acquire the land?


Who did we get the land from?


How did the U.S. get the land?
American settlers had come to Texas and built plantations and farms.
The settlers, led by Stephan Austin, asked Mexico for admission into the Mexican nation as an independent state.
The Mexicans refused. A war broke out.
A highlight of this war was Santa Anna's attack on the Alamo. This 13-day siege
resulted in the killing of all the Americans (except some women, children and slaves). Sam
Houston tried to rally his troops by using the warcry "Remember the Alamo". It worked because
Texans defeated Santa Anna and won the battle of San Jacinto.
Santa Anna was captured and forced to sign a treaty giving Texas its independence.
Texas became an independent nation in 1836 called the Lone Star Republic. Its first President
was Sam Houston.
In 1845 Texas was annexed by the United States and became the 28th state.
The U.S. wanted to take Florida from Spain because of attacks by Seminole Indians and runaway slaves in Georgia.
In 1819, President Monroe sent General Andrew Jackson to Florida to help protect the U.S. border.
Jackson invaded Florida and overthrew the governor of Florida. He had no direct orders from President Monroe.
Spain gave Florida to the U.S. in exchange for $5 million and control of Texas.

Elected President in 1844.
Added more territory to the U.S. than any other President.
Died 103 days after his only term ended.

James K. Polk

Mr. Manifest Destiny
The Convention of 1818, aka the Convention
of Commerce, was a meeting held in October
1818 to negotiate a treaty between the
Monroe administration and the British.
The aim of the Convention of 1818 was to settle outstanding boundary issues and disputes between the US and British North America following the War of 1812.
The Treaty of 1818 set the 49th parallel as the border with Canada.
The Convention of 1818 marked the beginning of improved diplomatic relations between the US and Great Britain.
The 49th Parallel
Thomas Jefferson bought the Louisiana territory from France (Napoleon Bonaparte) for $15 million.
Jefferson wanted to make sure the U.S. had control of the Port of New Orleans and the Mississippi River.
The Louisiana Purchase doubled the size of the United States.
The U.S. stretched from the Atlantic Ocean to the Rocky Mountains.

The 1783 Treaty of Paris ended
the American Revolutionary War
and established the early U.S.
boundaries.
When did the U.S. acquire the land?


Who did we get the land from?


How did the U.S. get the land?
When did the U.S. acquire the land?


Who did we get the land from?


How did the U.S. get the land?
Review
US Territorial Expansion
Gadsden Purchase
When did the U.S. acquire the land?


Who did we get the land from?


How did the U.S. get the land?
1853
Mexico
The US realizing the importance
of this territory for railroad
building paid Mexico 10 million
dollars.
Considering the price paid for Louisiana and the Cession lands this was a large amount.
We paid this much due to a feeling of guilt over our participation in the Mexican American War.
What river acted as the boundary for the U.S. in the late 1700's?
What line serves as a boundary between the United States and Canada?
What is one effect the Louisiana purchase had on the U.S?
"[It is] our Manifest Destiny to over spread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us for the development of the great experiment of liberty."
- John O'Sullivan
Was John O'Sullivan's statement of Manifest Destiny realized or not?
What evidence do you have to support your answer?
Westward Expansion

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