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Fauvism (1905-1908)

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Aqsa Khan

on 17 October 2013

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Transcript of Fauvism (1905-1908)

Artist
: Otto Dix
Size
: 47 1/4 x 25 9/16 in. (120 x 65 cm)
Media
: Oil and tempera on plywood
Date
: 1925
Current Location
: Kunstmuseum Stuttgart
Key Points
:
*
Anita Berber was very famous in 1920s Berlin
*
Otto Dix rarely used red in his art
*
Addicted to cognac, cocaine and opium
*
Always wore heavy makeup
*
White rose with ether and chloroform
Art History Presentation
Fauvism (1905-1908)
[Different parts of France]
Aqsa Khan
Juanita Borges
Samawia Arif
Characteristics
Fauves = "Wild Beasts"
Transition from horses to automobiles
Henry Ford develops the assembly line method of automobile manufacturing with the introduction of the Ford Model T
Sir Frederick Gowland Hopkins suggests the existence of vitamins and concludes they are essential to health
Notable Artists
Otto Dix
Henri Matisse
George Braque
Maurice de Vlaminck
Major Developments
introduced unnaturalistic color and vivid brush strokes
early/first type of expressionism
Albert Einstein published the Theory of Relativity and made famous the equation, E = mc2
Color photography invented by Auguste and Louis Lumiere
Portrait of Dancer Anita Berber
JFK - Mrs. A - Intro to Visual Arts, Fall 2013
Guernica
The Open Window
The Turning Road
Portrait of Madame Matisse
Tugboat on the Seine
Artist:

Maurice de Vlaminck
Date:
1906
Size:
50.2 x 65.1 cm (19 3/4 x 25 5/8 in.)
Media:
Oil on Canvas
Current Location:
National Gallery of Art (USA)

Key Points:
contains bold brushwork
Vlaminck is often portrayed as the most unruly painter of the fauve school
Vlaminck is largely responsible for the myth of fauvism as an undisciplined, spontaneous style
Vlaminck's work exploded with pure color and broad strokes of paint
there is an absence of shadows in the painting
the painting uses pure colors
Artist:
Henri Matisse
Size:
21 3⁄4 in × 18 1⁄8 in
55.3 cm × 46 cm
Media:
Oil on canvas
Date:
1905
Current location
: National Gallery of Art, Washington D.C.

Key Points:
this is one of Matisse’s most famous paintings
it's among the very first fauve works
The view is full of light, inviting and vibrant
it uses expressive brushwork and brilliant colors
Matisse made use of pairs complements, that is, the use of two colors that bring out the best of one another
Matisse was amplifying the sense of joy that he had achieved through color
Artist:
André Derain
Size:
4 ft 2 1/2 in x 6 ft 4 1/2 in (Landscape)
Media:
Oil on canvas
Date:
1906
Current Location:
The Museum of Fine Arts, Houston

Key Points:
The landscape represents the French village
The figures that are dispersed throughout the painting have no exact features. The heads, for example, are faceless circles
Yellow, the color of sunlight, is everywhere
All the characters in the painting seem to be hanging out at or headed to a blue, broad curve symbolizing a river
Gender is hinted by the curve of the clothing; the women have more curves than the men
The strength of the picture has more to do with colors
Artist:
Henri Matisse
Size:
40.5cm x 32.5 cm
Media:
Oil on canvas
Date:
1905
Location:
Statens Museum for Kunst, Copenhagen

Key Points:
The natural light is translated directly into colors
The picture is easily recognizable by its strange coloring, the distinctive green stripe down the center
There is a clear contrast between the dark background colors and the warmer colors on the right-hand side of the face of Madame Matisse
Matisse uses loose brushstrokes and allows the white-painted canvas to be shown
This thickly applied paint used from the tube creates a rich, strong, heavy image to the viewer, revealing the fauvist technique
Matisse divides the face chromatically, with a cool and warm side
Sources
Art Object Collection. n.d. 13 October 2013.
Arty Factory. n.d. 14 October 2013.
Graven, Thomas. The Rainbow Book of Art. 1956.
Hughes, Robert. The Shock of the New. New York: Random House LLC, 1980.
Totally History. n.d. 13 October 2013.

Did you know?
Anita- Tanze des Lasters is a 1987 film based on Anita's life.
Artist
: Pablo Picasso
Size
: 11' 5" x 25' 6" (3.5 m x 7.8 m)
Media
: oil on canvas
Date
: 1937
Current Location
: Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía
Key Points
:
*
Suffering of Innocents
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Picasso's response to bombing
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Guernica wasn't painted in Spain
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Symbols of Hope
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Bombilla = lightbulb; bomb
Did you know?
In April 26, 1937, the Nazi's devastating casual bombing practice bombed Guernica for 2 hours.
Did you know?
The Open WIndow was painted during the summer of 1905, when Matisse, together with André Derain, worked in the small Mediterranean fishing port of Collioure, near the Spanish border.
Did you know?
The painting's title comes from the road that curves through the scene from the lower right. Derain made his way to southern France in 1905, joining Henri Matisse in developing the essential aspects of a new style together.
Did you know?
This is a portrait by Henri Matisse of his wife, Amélie Noellie Matisse-Parayre.
Did you know?
Tugboats on the Seine can be closely compared to other paintings of the river by Vlaminck from 1905 and 1906, such as The Seine at Chatou.
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