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Sonnets Forms and Fun

Just some info

Shannon Ramsey

on 18 October 2017

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Transcript of Sonnets Forms and Fun

Creator: Edmund Spencer (1500s)
Variation of the English sonnet.
Volta isn't as distinct
The rhyme scheme is:
abab, bcbc, cdcd, ee

Shakespeare: Invention?
Rhyme scheme
Three quatrains and one couplet:
a-b-a-b, c-d-c-d, e-f-e-f, g-g
Question raised in the first 12 lines
Volta found around lines 12 or 13
ORRR line 9
ORRR anywhere else the poet
deems necessary!
Unattainable love
Rhyme scheme
The octave (or question/issue) is: a-b-b-a, a-b-b-a
The sestet follows:  

Volta USUALLY between 8th and 9th line
Became popular in England around 1500
Beginning of the sonnet: issue or question
“Volta”: "the turn" in the sonnet, leads to the answer/resolution at the end
Historical Background
Types of Sonnets
Italian/Petrarchan Sonnet
What lips my lips have kissed, and where, and why,
I have forgotten, and what arms have lain
Under my head till morning; but the rain
Is full of ghosts tonight, that tap and sigh
Upon the glass and listen for reply,
And in my heart there stirs a quiet pain
For unremembered lads that not again
Will turn to me at midnight with a cry.
Thus in the winter stands the lonely tree,
Nor knows what birds have vanished one by one,
Yet knows its boughs more silent than before:
I cannot say what loves have come and gone,
I only know that summer sang in me
A little while, that in me sings no more.
Volta (line 9): Changes perspective slightly, seasons metaphor
First 8 lines: the men she's loved but forgotten, dissapointment, lonliness
Spencerian Sonnet
English/Shakespearean Sonnet
Sonnets are traditionally (though not exclusively) love poems because of this guy...
3-way puzzle
Means of pouring out emotions (even if no one else cares)
The sonnet was the Twitter-meets-Rubric's cube of the 16th Century.
Petrarch's poetry
Agony of the lover
Perfection of the unattainable beloved
14th Century Italian Sonneteer
Iambic Pentameter
14 lines
Rhyme scheme & Volta position vary
Formal elements
of all sonnets
It's like a
Mini-poetic essay
Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets and slipped a few more into his plays.
Two households, both alike in dignity,
In fair Verona, where we lay our scene,
From ancient grudge break to new mutiny,
Where civil blood makes civil hands unclean.
From forth the fatal loins of these two foes
A pair of star-cross'd lovers take their life;
Whose misadventured piteous overthrows
Do with their death bury their parents' strife.
The fearful passage of their death-mark'd love,
And the continuance of their parents' rage,
Which, but their children's end, nought could remove,
Is now the two hours' traffic of our stage;
The which if you with patient ears attend,
What here shall miss, our toil shall strive to mend.
Prologue to
Romeo and Juliet
The first 11 lines explain the story.
Volta (here at line 12): the play will elaborate on what wasn't covered here.
Sonnet Activity #2: Tweeting
Example: "What Lips my Lips have Kissed" by Edna St. Vincent Millay (1956)
A married noblewoman.
Confusing poetry concept #1295737:
the poet and the speaker
are not
always the same.

Confusing poetry concept ##1295738
Sonnets and twitter
are basically
the same thing.
Sonnet Activity #1: Chopping
Sonnets are all about rhyme.
If it doesn't rhyme, it's not a sonnet.

With a partner at your table…
Put the chopped sonnets back together
Hints: identify the end rhyme and the volta
The sonnet pattern is given on the envelope
Your task:
When you're finished, record your tweet on the paper given to you and tape to the wall to the right!
1. Figure out what your sonnet "looks like" and get the official title from Ms. Ramsey

2. Read the sonnet
a. look up any unknown words,
b. write out the rhyme scheme,
c. figure out where the volta is,
d. highlight any poetic devices used, and
e. explain the purpose of the poem; then...

3. Create a
twitter handle
for the speaker.
Then pull out the main details of the sonnet and
create a tweet
. Remember: you have a
140 character limit
. Include at
least 1 hashtag.
Tape is on the fire stairs
Full transcript