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AIDS (McDugall World History)
Transcript of AIDS (McDugall World History)
slowly weakens the immune system
(Human Immunodeficiency Virus) Origin not 100% determined Symptoms 180,000 people dead MSM: Men Having Sex With Men
IDU: Injection Drug Use fever
sore throat ETHAN RODGERS VARGO Living in South Africa with AIDS
A Personal Story "My name is Gloria Raletsemo, and I am 31 years old. I was a blood donor before my blood was tested. After some time, I was told I have AIDS, and that it kills. It was some time between 1986-1987, I am not precise about the exact year. At that time I knew nothing about how to have "safer" sex. I was just told not to have sex. [There] is a big problem with our African boyfriends and men. They don't want to use condoms. They interpret it, as if you have had sex with another man.
I got sick and was taken to hospital. With a temperature of 40º C. (104 degrees Fahrenheit), and a high heart rate, I was admitted. At hospital, I was so upset that I could not even recall when I arrived, or what day it was. I was not given anything: no pills, medicine, or injection. I lost the ability to walk, as if I had polio. Then one of the doctors made a silly joke to me saying, "Isn't it nice to have food in bed, and clean clothes?", as if I was there for food not medication. I told them I was not sick, I just needed customary care. The hospital tried to detain me because I am infected. This is common for people with HIV in South Africa.
I was so thin that my neighbor teased me because of having AIDS. It came to be known by the public because one of the nurses was my neighbor and a drunkard. Everywhere, I was asked about this virus, but I just gave one answer, "See me the way you want to see me." Most of my family refuses to recognize me as a human being. They always tease me. The only person who gives me support and courage is my mother. One day I had a quarrel with my younger sister. She stood by the front door shouting; "Do you think you are a human being? You've got AIDS! You are going to die!". I have lived with this virus for 9 years. I am still going to live for many more years to come, and I am bold about that". 1. What does AIDS stand for?
2. What does HIV stand for?
3. What does HIV cause?
4. What does the immune system do and how does AIDS affect it?
5. What continent is AIDS most prominent in?
6. Is there a true cure for AIDS?
7. Is it a priority to find a cure for AIDS?
8. Worldwide, how many people are infected with HIV every day?
9. Are customs and culture to blame for widespread of AIDS in Africa?
10. How can AIDS awareness be encouraged and spread in Africa?
11. What is AIDS? Transmission unprotected sex with infected person
sharing of needles and syringes with infected person
improper protection in health facilities
use of unsterilized equipment Cure? Treatment HAART: Highly Active Anti-Retroviral Therapy
most commonly used drug combination:
stavudine (d4T) + lamivudine (3TC) + nevirapine (NVP)
Combivir (zidovudine + lamivudine, AZT + 3TC)
Emtriva (emtricitabine, FTC)
Epivir (lamivudine, 3TC)
Epzicom (Kivexa, abacavir + lamivudine, ABC + 3TC)
Retrovir (zidovudine, AZT, ZDV)
Trizivir (abacavir + zidovudine + lamivudine, ABC + AZT + 3TC) $$$ chimps can get SIV (Simian Immunodeficiency Virus)
believed AIDS mutated from SIV Statistics AIDS in Africa Sub-Saharan Africa remains the region hardest hit by HIV, with 23.5 million HIV-positive people in 2011, about 69 percent of the global total
The number of new HIV infections in sub-Saharan Africa has dropped to 1.7 million in 2011 from an estimated 2.6 million in 1997
There were 1.2 million AIDS-related deaths in sub-Saharan Africa in 2011, similar to 2010
AIDS has killed at least a million people each year in the region since 1998
Nearly 6.2 million people were receiving antiretroviral therapy in sub-Saharan Africa in 2011, up from just 100 000 in 2003 Lesotho Swaziland Botswana South
Africa AIDS In The Rest Of The World Discussion Questions: How has AIDS spread
countries and contintents? travel
unprotected sex Created by: Zimbabwe http://streaming.factsonfile.com/PortalViewVideo.aspx?xtid=10988&psid=0&sid=0&State=&title=AIDS%20in%20Africa&IsSearch=Y&parentSeriesID=&loid=59004# Chris, Ethan,
Lily, Lissie, Maddie Where is AIDS spreading? Eastern Europe / Central Asia:
Russia and Ukraine Injection Drug Use