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Sophocles

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by

Camille Simon

on 31 October 2013

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Transcript of Sophocles

Sophocles
Birth

His life, which ended in 406 BC at about the age of 90, coincided with the period of Athenian greatness. He died after his last production, Oedipus At Colonus.
Sophocles Writing Continued
By: Rachel, Carli, Camille, & Mike
Born 496 B.C. in a part of Athens called Colonus Hippius
Early Life
He was the son of a wealthy merchant.
His father is Sophillus and his mother was a midwife.
Since Sophocles was the son of a wealthy merchant, he could enjoy all the comforts of a thriving Greek empire.
Early Life Continued
Sophocles was provided with the best traditional aristocratic education. He studied all of the arts. By the age of sixteen, he was already known for his beauty and grace and was chosen to lead a choir of boys at a celebration of the victory of Salamis in 480 BC.
Sophocles Writing
Sophocles was one of the most influential writers of Ancient Greece, becoming one of the great playwrights of the golden age.
Sophocles Writing Continued
80 or 90 of his plays are preserved. 7 of Sophocles' playwrights are tragedies, and effected a transformation in the spirit and significance of a tragedy. Religion and morality were still major dramatic themes, but decisions and fates of individuals became the chief interest of Greek tragedy.
Sophocles most famous plays are The Theban Plays, the last of which was Antigone.
Examples of His Writing
Ajax
Philoctetes
Oedipus The King
Trachinian Woman
Oedipus At Colonus
Antigone
Electra
His Awards & Recognition
In 441 BC, Sophocles was in turn defeated in one of the annual Athenian dramatic competitions by Euripides. From 468 BC, however, Sophocles won first prize about 20 times and many second prizes.
Other Aspects of his life
He was not politically active or militarily inclined, but the Athenians twice elected him to high military office.
Sophocles was very religious and once served as a priest.
Married a woman named Nicostrata and had 2 sons, Sophocles & Iophon, but remarried Theoris and had a son named Ariston.
Death
Sophocles

Game
2. Name one play that Sophocles wrote.
1a. 496 B.C.
2a.
The Theban Plays (Antigone)
Ajax
Philoctetes
Oedipus The King
Trachinian Woman
Oedipus At Colonus
Antigone
Electra
3. True or False? Sophocles was born into a poor family.
3a. False
4. How many of his plays are preserved?
4a. Eighty or ninety of his plays have been preserved.
5. From 468, how many first play prizes did Sophocles win? Did he win any second place prizes?
5a. He won twenty first place prizes and many second place prizes.
6. What was Sophocles last play?
6a. His last play was Oedipus At Colonus.
7. What year did Sophocles die and how old was he?
7a. Sophocles dies in 406 B.C. He was ninety years old.
8. True or False? Sophocles was religious.
8a. True
1. What year was Sophocles born?
496 B.C.
Full transcript