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Lenin & Animal Farm

The link between communism in Russia & George Orwell's Animal Farm
by

Stephen Bowes

on 16 September 2012

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Transcript of Lenin & Animal Farm

Lenin & Animal Farm Vladimir Lenin was a Russian Leader from 1922 - 1924 who followed the communist
regime of Marxism created by Karl Marx Vladimir Ilyich Lenin (born Ulyanov)
was born on 22 April 1870 to Ilya
Nikolayevich Ulyanov & Maria
Alexandrovna Blank Lenin's father Ilya died of
a brain haemorrhage
was Lenin was 16 leading him
to renounce his faith in Christianity
becoming atheist Lenin's brother Aleksandr or 'Sacha' as he was known by Lenin was executed on 8 May
1887 because he was plotting to kill the tsar
(Tsar Alexander III) with a small group of revolutionaries Vladimir Ulyanov then moved to the then
capital of Russia, St. Petersburg in 1893
where he met his wife to be.... Lenin was a Marxist, so his ideas were based on the ideas of Karl Marx. These ideas include the notion that the workers should own the means of production, that the employers exploit the workers, that history can be viewed as a progression of the relationship between people and capital (money & finance) - from feudalism to capitalism then socialism and finally communism and that each stage is "inevitable". Nadezhda "Nadya" Krupskaya,
a school teacher living in St. Petersburg Lenin & 40 other activists
was later arrested and exiled
in Siberia for handing out Marxist
literature to striking workers and
working on the Marxist publication,
" The Worker's Cause". Vladimir Ulyanov adopted the nom
de guerre (false alias) Lenin (named after the river
Lena) in 1901.
Under this name, he published the
article What Is to Be Done?,
his most influencial publication. In 1901, he adopted the nom de guerre (false alias)
Lenin named after the river Lena. It is under this
name that he publish his most influencial paper,
'What Is to Be Done?' After his exile, Lenin was banned from
entering St. Petersburg let alone live there
so he moved to the small town of Pskov.
During his life in Pskov, Ulyanov started
writing the newspaper Iskra, a Marxist
magazine. To publish the paper, Lenin
moved to the German city of Munich In 1903, Lenin attended the
2nd Congress of the Russian
Social Democratic Labour Party
which first was based in Brussels
& then London. The party split into
2, the Bolshevik faction & the
Menshevik faction. Lenin lead the
Bolshevik faction whilst Martov lead
the Menshevik. In November 1905, Lenin returned to Russia to support
the Russian revolution. In 1906, Lenin was appointed
head of the RSDLP. However, in 1907, after the Tsarist
defeat of the revolution, Lenin resumed his exile. Until
the revolutions of 1917, Lenin lived in Western Europe where
he developed Leninism, an urban version of Marxism. In 1914, he moved to Bern
and then Zurich because he was
being detained in Poronin, the town
he lived in before moving to Bern due to WWI Due to a thesis in his book 'Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism', Lenin believed
that England & France were using Russia as
a tool during WWI In February 1917, Tsar Nicholas II was forcd to abdicate.
Russia was then led by a mixture of a provisional government
& a group of 'Soviets' (councils) elected by soldiers, workers & peasants. Lenin was still in Zurich at the time. Due to the countries around Switzerland being at war, when Lenin heard the news of the revolution,
he found it hard to get to Russia. However, negotiations between Germany & Russia managed to get passage for Lenin & his fellow exiles through Germany & Sweden on 2 trains & a ferry, ending up in Petrograd During his time on the train, Lenin
composed his April Thesis, his program for the Bolshevik party. In this thesis, he said that the Bolsheviks should not rest content, like the rest of Russia was doing, with the 'bourgeois' February Revolution. Instead they should push ahead to a socialist revolution of the workers & poorest peasants. Even though it was controversial, the April Thesis
made the Bolshevik party a refuge for people who
were dissatisfied with either the provisional government
or the war. The dissatisfaction with the regime reached it's peak with the July Days riots. Once the riots were suppressed, they were blamed on Lenin & the Bolsheviks by the government. Due to the riots, Lenin was exiled in Finland & the Bolshevik party was outlawed. Whilst in exile, Lenin published State and Revolution in which he proposes the Russia should just be lead by the Soviets, not by a parliamentary body. Faith in the provisional government had been severely shaken by a military coup attempt sent from the front line. Lenin's slogan 'All power to the Soviets!' became more plausible the more the provisional government was discredited. The Bolsheviks won a majority in both the Petrograd & Moscow soviets Lenin directed the deposition of the provisional government from the Smolny Institute for girls
after returning from Finland. The Smolny Institute Power was transferred to
Soviets in 1917. However, not everyone
was happy. The Right SRs & the Mensheviks
walked out of the All-Russian Congress of Soviets because of this. The day after the walk out, Lenin appeared for the first time since the July Days riots undisguised to a 'thundering wave of applause'. Lenin was very enthusiastic about new mass-communication technology such as the radio & the gramophone. In 1919, Lenin made 8 speeches (one of which was about Anti-Semitism) which were put onto gramophone records to educate Russia' highly illiterate peasant population. Lenin survived two assassination attempts. In the first, Lenin and Fritz Platten were ambushed in the back of Lenin's car. Whilst in the second, Lenin was shot twice by Socialist Revolutionary Fanya Kaplan. Lenin's colleague & friend Leon Trotsky said that Lenin authorised the execution of the Romanov family (the Russian royal family) in 1918. Lenin died of syphilis after being weakened by Fanya Kaplan's assassination attempt & three strokes. However, before he died Lenin made a testament that his wife Nadya mailed to the central commitee. But the ruling troika (Stalin, Kamenev & Zinoviev) suppressed t so that they could stay in power. Lenin is represented in Animal Farm by two shared characters:
Snowball represents Lenin & Trotsky, 2 significant figures in Russian history & Old Major represents Karl Marx & Lenin, the founders of communism
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