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INTERACTIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING

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samy lmlj

on 6 July 2013

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Transcript of INTERACTIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING

INTERACTIVE LANGUAGE TEACHING

What is Interaction?
Interaction is the collaborative exchange of thoughts, feelings, or ideas between two or more people, resulting in a reciprocal effect on each other.
Sustaining Interaction Through Group Work
ADVANTAGES OF GROUP WORK
•Group work generates interactive language.•Group work offers an embracing affective climate.•Group work promotes learner responsibility and autonomy.•Group work is a step toward individualizing instruction.
Positive noise
negative noise - disruptive
misbehavior
use of mother tongue


EXCUSES FOR AVOIDING GROUP WORK

Impress upon your Ss the importance of practice in the second language for eventual success.
2. Students will use their native language.
If Ss feel that the task is too hard (or too easy), or that directions are not clear, or that the task
is not interesting, or that they are not sure of the purpose of the task,

then you might be inviting Ss to take shortcuts via their native language.
Here are some suggestions:
Try to home in on their intrinsic motivation.
Demonstrate how enjoyable the various small-group tasks and games and activities are. Your own overt display of enthusiasm will help to set a tone.
3. Ss' errors will be reinforced in small groups.
Errors are a "necessary" manifestation of interlanguage development, and we do well not to become obsessed with their constant correction.

Moreover, well-managed group work can encourage spontaneous peer feedback on errors within the small group itself.
4. Ts cannot monitor all groups at once.
Related to the issue of control is the sometimes misguided belief that a T should be "in on" everything that a S says or does during the class hour.
Selecting Appropriate Group Techniques
Implementing Group Work In Your Classroom
When should we use pair work and
when should we use group work activities?
practicing dialogues with a partner
simple question-answer exercises
performing certain meaningful substitution drills
quick brainstorming activities
checking written work with each other
preparation for merging with a larger group
The first step in promoting successful group work, is to
select an appropriate task.
games
role play and simulations
drama
projects
interview
brainstorming
information gap
jigsaw
problem solving and decision making
opinion exchange
Planning Group Work
Possibly the most common reason for the breakdown of group work is an inadequate introduction and lead-in to the task itself.

Once you have selected an appropriate type of activity, your planning phase should include the following seven "rules" for implementing a group technique.
Introduce the technique.
Justify the use of small groups for the technique.
Model the technique.
Give explicit detailed instructions.
Divide the class into groups.
Check for clarification.
Set the task in motion.
 The role of classroom interaction in the communicative language teaching
 The weak form of the interaction hypothesis
 The strong form of the interaction hypothesis


The role of classroom interaction in the communicative language teaching
The role of
classroom interaction is mainly cooperative negotiation
and co-constructive work for L2 learners to their language development and self-development.


It involves the components of collaborative
dialogue, negotiation and co-construction.

Vygotsky't [1978]

Social Cultural theory
"Learning is to awaken a variety of internal developmental process"
Allright (1984)
It is the process whereby classroom language learning is managed.
Collaborative dialogue
It is “a knowledge of building dialogue.
It is a cognitive and social activity"
Vygotsky't
"Learning is an integral activity of learner's self and adult guidance or collaboration with more capable peers".
Negotiation
"discussion to reach agreement"
Ellis (1990)
when L2 learners face communicative problems and they have the opportunity to negotiate solutions to them they are able to acquire new language
Allright
"satisfactory conditions "
3 process:
interpretation, expression, negotiation
face to face interaction
corrective feedback negotiation
by teacher
Co-construction
Jackob and Ochs:
"the joint creation of a form, interpretation, stance, action, activity, identity, institution, skill, ideology, emotion or other culturally-related meaning reality"
"Learner became more consistent in using target language structure correctly in all contexts" Aljaafren and Lantolf
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