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Monks and Monasteries
Transcript of Monks and Monasteries
by Kayla Perre and Emma Dierkes
What Is A Monk?
Monasteries are communities of men called monks. These men live together ruled by religious vows. Similar institutions for women are called convents.
A male who refrains from everyday life by devoting himself fully to his religion
Takes a vow of poverty, chastity, and obedience
Is not allowed to own property, obeys superiors, and refrains from sexual activity
Early Christian Monks lived alone in the Egyptian desert.
Benedictine Monks from St. Andrew Abbey
What Religions Do Monks Practice?
The idea of the First Monastery was conceived by St. Anthony.
Anthony began to attract young monks to his quiet, devout lifestyle.
The word "monk" derives from the Anglo-Saxon word, munic. Other possible origins come from the Latin word, monachus, or the Greek word, monos, meaning single.
The Growth of Monasteries
Monasteries began to grow in popularity. They became centers of learning and record keeping. Many were self-sufficient, and also kept locals employed in their substantial farmland.
Purpose of Monasteries
Monasteries were not only sanctuaries for the monks and nuns that lived inside them, but also for the poor who they served.
The quiet solitude of religious communities was much sought after by some, monks and nuns among them.
Nuns lived in the Convent, which was connected to the monastery.
This is an example of what a Monastery looked like in the Middle Ages ...
Monasteries were fairly large buildings.
They included many rooms and multiple interconnecting buildings.
The purposes of monasteries are many.
Many monks work, study, pray, and live together as a community of men. They live in monasteries, and follow a set of guidelines, called their rule. In order to become a monk, one must go through religious training.
Saint Jerome Wrote:
"Interpret the name monk, it is thine own; what business hast thou in a crowd, thou who art solitary?"
Saints' Account of Monks
Saint Augustine's Account in Psalm 83:
Saint Augustine wrote about unity in this Psalm. This Psalm is chanted by the monks because they feel that they should have one heart and soul.
Saint Benedict wrote that there are four different types of monks.
The first type of monks are groups of cenobites who live under an abbot, or rule. These monks live together.
The second type of monks undergo long training in the discipline of the community. They must also live a life of seclusion. These groups consist of anchorites or hermits.
The third type of monks consist of sarabites. These monks live under an abbot as well.
The fourth type of monk are the girovagi, or wandering monks. They scorn upon men whose religious life is non-existent. They do things on their own without the limits of obedience.
Some Other Terms to Know...
Abbey is a monastery governed by an abbot – the appointed head of the community which does not have to refer to authority in making any decisions. It is also a church which was formerly part of a monastery.
Priory is a group of monks or nuns governed by a prior (second in rank to an abbot). These are dependent on the parent house of the order.
Monasteries are worldly places, not just located in one country or region.
This is a current day monastery located in the mountains of Turkey.
In conclusion, there is much more to monks and monasteries than meets the eye. They have been an important part of the world for centuries.
Monasteries on the decline.
Monasteries popularity declined, due to King Henry VIII. When he broke from the catholic church, monasteries became his first target. They were demolished or isolated.
Black death also dealt a blow to monasteries.
However, monasteries were not completely demolished in Europe. They continue to exist throughout the world.
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Ellerton Church Preservation Trust. Ellerton Church Preservation Trust, 2008.
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Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History. Metropolitan Museum of Art, 2013. Web. 20
Feb. 2014. <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/mona/hd_mona.htm>.
Monasteries in Medieval England. Britain Express, n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2014.
Timeline of Early Christianity. National Geogaphic, 1996. Web. 20 Feb. 2014.
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World Book Student
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The Catholic Encyclopedia
. Vol. 10. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 20 Feb. 2014.