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Impact of American Rule
Transcript of Impact of American Rule
What were the effects of American colonial in the Philippines? Were they beneficial to the Filipinos, to the Americans, or both? What is the impact of American rule on the Filipinos--on their economy, politics, society and culture?
Compared with the impact of Spanish colonial rule, most analysts would say that the US improved the economy & system of government. Most Filipinos would also agree that public health & sanitation, transportation & communication, education & literacy greatly improved under American rule. They caused great marks of "colonial mentality" & the materialistic & individualistic ways among many Filipinos.
Education & The School System
America's greatest achievement in the Philippines was the introduction of the
Public School System.
open to all
based on life here on earth
church and state were serarated
The first American teachers were American soldiers. They gave the pupils free books, pencils & writing paper. After the war, the American teachers(Thomasites) were more successful in the campaign to educate Filipinos.
The result was that within a few years, many Filipinos learned the English language and were qualified to take civil service examinations. By 1904, the American colonial government in the Philippines was able to send the first group of Filipino pensionados or scholars to the US. In 1903, the literacy rate was 44.2% and rose to 49.2% in 1918. More schools, colleges and universities were founded. Education under the Americans advanced rapidly and was not equalled by any other colonizing power.
Public Health and Welfare
Second greatest achievement was the improvement of public health and welfare. Public health and sanitation were very poor during the Spanish regime. The American authority immediately set to work to control the spread of deadly diseases. In 1901, the Americans created the Board of Public Health, which later on became a bureau who instructs the people in hygiene and sanitation and to combat the people’s ignorance and superstitions which were the greatest enemies of medicine and public health.
After so, the death rate per thousand persons progressively decreased. They also improved Filipino diet. As a result, the Filipinos became healthier and taller.
Improvement in Trade and Industry
The free trade relations between Philippines and the US led to artificial prosperity. Free trade relations meant that Filipino products entering the US were not taxed and vice versa. Philippine exports to US increased. From 1914-1918, Philippine foreign trade enjoyed a favorable balance of trade (exports were bigger that imports).
In industry, the Philippines also prospered under Americans. More laborers were employed and Filipino capital, although small and timid, began to be invested in industries. Mining was encouraged too and became an important industry.
Transportation and Communication
The Americans also improved the various transportation and communication. In 1898, roads length was increased to more than 20000km when the Commonwealth was inaugurated. Bridges and culverts number roe more than 8000. The railway line was likewise extended to the Provinces of Northern and Southern Luzon, thereby bringing them closer than before.
Democracy and Civil Liberties
The American regime recognized the equality of men before the law and the right of every man to all the freedoms—freedoms of religion, speech, press, complain and freedom to change one’s domicile. The Malolos Constitution provided for a bill of rights which recognized human dignity and freedom.
They also introduced man American institutions. One of these was the system of political parties and elections. The municipal, provincial, and national elections first held in 1907 to elect the delegates to the Philippine assembly. It was after the occupation that real political parties came into existence in the Philippines. The parties then had a political platform, which the Filipinos learned from the Americans.
The result of this system of political parties was the increase in the knowledge of government machinery and government affairs by the wealthy and educated Filipinos. This type of politics ironically was deepened during the time of Governor-General Harrison, when more Filipinos came to control the law-making body and government bureaucracy.
Language and Literature
Negative Results of American Rule
The American occupation of the Philippines was far fro heavenly. There were negative outcomes of the colonization which are still seen today.
the Phil. became dependent exclusively on the US to continue to prosper economically.
relied too heavily on the American market.
the Americans had the upperhand in dictating the prices of Philippine commodities
there as no real industrialization in the hands of Filipino capital
trend controlled by Americans, British etc.
brainwashing of the Filipinos through the educational system
subjects were laid more emphasis on AMerican culture & history than Philippine's
Nutrition & diet also suffered in the long run.
Materialistic and individualistic ways.
Filipinos learned English teachings.