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The Glorious Revolution
Transcript of The Glorious Revolution
A Peaceful Revolution
The Parliament declared a new Protestant King and Queen: William III and Mary.
The Glorious Revolution established the victory of Parliament over the King.
Causes of The Revolution
The King James II married a French Princess, who was Catholic. It was widely believed that James II was himself a Catholic. The birth of a son, which seemed to ensure a Catholic heritage, produced a rebellion against the King. It was feared that Catholicism would be re-established as the official religion in England, and it was intolerable.
The Dutch ruler William of Orange was invited to invade England in order to preserve Protestantism. William Of Orange landed at Torbey and proceeded to march on London.
James II, shocked by the desertion of many of his military officers and of his own daughters to William´s side, fled to France to seek refuge at the court of Louis XIV.
William was the husband of Mary, the Protestant daughter of James II.
He was also opponent of the French Catholic king Louis XIV.
William and Mary did not have any children.
After both monarchs had died, the crown went to Anne, another of James II´s Protestant daughters.
This Act wanted to clarify what would happen if Anne left no heirs, as was the case. The Act stated that Sophia of Hanover, who was Protestant, and her heirs would succeed Anne.
An agreement between the Parliament and the new King and Queen about how the country should be run. Set clear limits on royal power.
Act of Parliament granting freedom of worship to Nonconformists.
It did not apply to Catholics and Unitarians.
Because of this Act, few English citizens were persecuted for religion ever again.
The Bill of Rights
The Act of Settlement