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Transcript of Cubism
Cubism was one of the most influential
visual art styles of the early twentieth century.
It was created by Pablo Picasso and Georges Braque in Paris between 1907 and 1914.
The Cubist painters rejected the inherited concept that art should copy nature as had been done before them. They wanted instead to emphasize the two-dimensionality of the canvas so they reduced and fractured objects into geometric forms, and then realigned these within a shallow, relief like space.
They also used multiple or contrasting
He was considered radical in his painting, sculpting, printmaking, ceramics and stage designing.
He was constantly updating his style; he did work from the blue period, the rose period, African influenced style, to cubism, surrealism, and realism.
Les Demoiselles d'Avignon
"Guernica" was a painting that
brought the Spanish Civil War to
The 1937 black and white work showed the aftermath of the tragic bombing of Guernica, and prominently features people crying out in contorted positions.
The bull, a recurring motif in Picasso's work,
is said to represent evil and darkness, while
the horse in the center of the painting is a representation of the Guernica people.
In 1895 Picasso moved with his family to Barcelona where he began to study at the Llotja School of Fine Arts
Pablo Picasso was born on October 25, 1881, in Málaga, Spain.
Pablo Diego José
Francisco de Paula Juan Nepomuceno
María de los Remedios Cipriano de la
Santísima Trinidad Martyr Patricio Clito
Ruíz y Picasso
"Les Demoiselles d'Avignon"
was completed in 1907.
The work features nude womanly
forms, twisted into geometric abstraction.
Their faces are reminiscent of African masks,
is also said to have been his response to his longtime rival Matisse's "Le bonheur de vivre".
This painting was unlike any other before it, and like any revolution it caused shock waves,
garnering strong reactions, some supportive and some of disgust, in the art world.
Georges Braque was born in Argenteuil,
France on May 13, 1882.
He was a 20th century French painter and sculptor who,
alongside his close friend Pablo Picasso, pioneered Cubism.
Along with Cubism, Braque used the styles
of Impressionism, Fauvism and Collage.
Braque and Picasso collaborated closely together
until 1914 and there were pieces from this time
together where it was difficult to clearly
distinguish one from the other’s work as their
styles became more and more abstract.
Violin and Candlestick
'Violin and Candlestick' was
painted in 1910 and embodies the dynamic and energetic qualities of Analytic Cubism.
The objects are fragmented and reconstructed
into geometric forms, fracturing the picture plane in order to explore a variety of viewpoints.
It depicts three-dimensional objects on a
flat canvas without the use of traditional
"We were like climbing partners
roped together." -Georges Braque
Picasso and Braque shared a close and competitive working-relationship during the analytic cubist period. There styles were so in sync that even as they progressed and evolved their styles, it was often impossible to tell their artwork apart.
Georges Braque's 1911
'Man with a Guitar'
Pablo Picasso's 1911
'The Piano Accordianist'