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Explain How the Author Uses Language to Influence the Reader

Lesson 27
by

Stacie Garrett-Diaz

on 11 May 2015

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Transcript of Explain How the Author Uses Language to Influence the Reader

Persuasion
Understand the TEKS
4.12(A) Explain how an author uses language to present information to influence what the reader thinks or does.

Figure 19(D) Make inferences about text and use textual evidence to support understanding.
Words to Know
Connotation
Persuasion
Position
Supporting Detail
Viewpoint
Persuasion
Persuasion
is writing or speech that tries to get readers to do something or to believe something.
Its purpose is to influence what the reader thinks or does.
Support
You come across persuasion every day:
A friend tries to coax you to lend him your bicycle.
An advertisement tries to get you to buy a certain pair of jeans.
A brochure encourages you to take a trip to Mexico.
Try This...
Tell about a form of persuasion you encountered recently.

______________

*Write your answer in
your JAR
The writer uses
supporting details
-- reasons, examples, facts -- to convince the reader that this viewpoint is correct. The more details the writer uses, the more likely the reader will be persuaded.
Sometimes the writer uses words and details that appeal to reason. They make sense. They all add up to make the writer's case.

Sometimes the writer uses words and details that stir emotions. They encourage the reader to agree by stirring up strong feelings.
Persuasive Words
Words have dictionary definitions. They also have
connotations
.
The connotations are the thoughts and feelings they stir up in readers.
The are the associations people make when they hear the words.
Some words stir up positive connotations.
Some words stir up negative connotations.
Viewpoint
A writer or speaker has a
viewpoint
or opinion.
This is a position, or something the writer wants you to believe.
Explain How the Author Uses Language to Influence the Reader
Continued
For example, someone might write a letter to the editor to persuade the reader that a vacant lot should be turned into a park instead of used for an office building. The writer's viewpoint is that the park would benefit the community more.
Persuasive Words Cont...
Writers choose their words carefully to create
the exact impression they intend.

Most people connect positive things with the idea of thrift. They associate negative things with the idea of cheapness.
If a writer wants to persuade you that a restaurant ha inexpensive food, she might call it the "thrifty choice." She would not call it the "cheap choice."
For example:
Try This...
The words
skinny
and
trim
mean basically the same thing.

Which one has more positive connotations?
_______________________

*Write your answer in your IAN
Suppose two reviewers read the same book and wrote reviews. One reviewer said the plot was "a thrill a minute." It "kept you on the edge of your seat." The other said the plot was "so complicated it gave me a headache." He said it "made me so tense I felt as though I would throw up."
Try This...
Which review would persuade you
to read the book?

Why?
_____________________

*Write your answer in your IAN
Comprehension Tip
When you read or hear persuasion ask yourself:
How does it make me feel?
Why do I feel this way?

Then ask yourself whether the way the author made you feel is clouding your judgement.
Are you reacting with your emotions instead of using your judgement?
Full transcript