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Latin Civil Rights Movement: Music & Fashion
Transcript of Latin Civil Rights Movement: Music & Fashion
by Shenica Mckenzie
Nueva Trova music originates from Cuba and became popular in the 1970’s. The songs expressed discontent with social and political values in their country.
The social and political pressure/restraints enforced upon Latinos helped influence the creation and spread of Latin music, as well as a foundation for Latin musicians to build on.
Often Nueva canción musicians faced censorship, exile, forceful disappearances and even torture by right-wing military dictators whom were against their protest
Bachata in the U.S.
Since Bachata emerged in the early 1960s it contiued to be labeled inferior because it was a connotation for sex and alcohol making it toocrude and vulgar mainstream music. Bachata musicians were forced to develop their own system of producing and distributing of their music.
In the 1960s and '70s the nickname/term Salsa was developed for a variety of Latin music in New York City following the Cuban and Puerto Rican immigrantation to the New York City area.
Salsa originated in Cuba deriving form the Cuban Son muisc, it is a mixture of African drum rhythms and Spanish guitars.
During the war in Cuba in 1898 and Prohibition in the USA, Americans were introduced to the Salsa but it was not until the 1940's and 1950's when Salsa took New York by stome did Americna become fond and familiar with the sound.
Nueva Cancion means “New Song” and it reflects exactly what the movement and social protest behind the songs were trying accomplish. These “New Songs” were contemporary and addressed as well as spoke for the public. People whom were being oppressed and unrepresented by their country.
Two key figures in the spread an influence of the Nueva cancion music and overall movement in the early 1960’s were Violeta Parra in Chile and Atahualpa Yupanqui in Argentina. They wanted to “reclaim what they perceived as the crumbling social and cultural integrity of their homelands” supporting and fighting for a more democratic government and lifestyle.
The origin of Nueva Cancion is Chile and the roots trace back to 1950’s to 1960’s during a time when many Latin countries were suffering from authoritarian or ineffective governments and gaps in economic status. This music genre was a way of social protest against the right wing government and by the late 1960’s was a political movement.
This music differed from the typical Caribbean Latin American culture which was known for lively and energetic music, while Nueva Trova was preformed in intimate settings with an audience dedicated to listening.
Jose Marti was a poet and a revolutionist whom symbolized Cuban struggle.
Silvio Rodríguez was Cuabn musicians whom was known as 'the heart and soul" of the Nueva Trova music and movement.
Latin Fashion was similar throughout the Americas very vibrant and colorful but differed in style based on each country, ranging from flowing skirts with bandeau s to ponchos with "Huaso" hats.
Bachata is parallel to Americna Blues and discuss the subjects of forlorn emotion, romance, and heartbreak.
Bachata is a form of music and dance that originated in the countryside and rural marginal neighborhoods of the Dominican Republic.
During the reign of the dictator Trujillo, merengue was proclaimed the official music of the nation and Bachata was unaccepted and looked down upon played in shabby clubs and bars.
Impact on Today
Nueva Trova was influenced by the South American music of protest in the 1950’s and 1960’s and soon evolved from just music to a movement in Cuba.
Latin music has now evolved into new genres like Latin pop and Reggaton.
Latinos are now being recognized and succeeding in music and fashion.
Famous Latin designers
Oscar de la Renta
Narciso Rodriguez (Cuban)
Influenced by Latin culture
The prosper and progress of Latino music and fashion throughout the Americas are all due to the improvement and revolution of Latin Civil Rights. The Latin Civil Rights Movement enabled Latinos to sustain their distinct culture and intermix with others as well.
Jamaican music spread around the world in the 1960s and 70s, arriving in places like Panama and Puerto Rico. Panama proudly claims Reggaeton as their own, especially Afro-Panamanians whom are descendents of Jamaican migrant workers.
Reggaton is Spanish Reggae which blew up in the 1970's.