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Timeline of English Civil War By: Mark, Thomas and Chase The New Model Army- Formed 1645 The army raised by the parliamentarians to fight the royalists (Team Charles I). Many of them had strong Puritan beliefs which helped create lots of loyalty among the troops.
It was successful in its mission
... Thanks for watching Magna Carta - issued in 1215 Civil War- 1642–1648 Test Act-One act in 1673 another in 1678 James I - 19 July 1566 to 27 March 1625 Charles I 1660 - The Restoration Rump Parliament - formed in 1648 The Rump Parliament was what was left of the English Parliament after the Long Parliament was purged by Colonel Pride.
. The Lord Protector - 1653 Long Parliament 1640 -1648 Petition of Rights - 7 June 1628 The petition contained restrictions on non-Parliamentary taxation,
forced billeting of soldiers, imprisonment without cause,
and restricted the use of martial law Short Parliament As the name suggests it was short the overthrow of King James II of England 1688 - the Glorious Revolution is also a title that has been used in British constitutional law for heads of state. As the name suggests it took a rather long time, 8 years to be exact (some people say 11 years)
It was created only to solve some financial trouble
Blue Laws These Calvanist laws outlawed "pagan" ceremonies, like Christmas.
Divine Right of Kings An idea originally introduced by James I, it was never popular. And made the kings who tried to use it unpopular. Charles I was the guy who really took it way too far. Key People who were involved:
& William and Mary of Orange. Parliamentary leaders invited James's daughter Mary and her husband William of Orange. They accepted the offer. Result: James II left England, abdicating his throne and his supporters fleed the country. Purpose: Recognized and guaranted the English people certain civil rights and required the king to consult an elected parliament, and to rule lawfully Signed and written by King John of England It gave Kings more rights and authority too The restoration was the monarchies of several countries all being restored under Charles II. It also covers the reign of Charles II and his brother James II. Presented to William and Mary of Orange, making them joint sovereigns
It layed down limits on the powers of the crown and set out the rights of Parliament and rules for freedom of speech in Parliament
Countries included: English, Irish and Scottish monarchies The title was held by Oliver Cromwell (December 1653–September 1658) and his son and designated successor Richard Cromwell (September 1658–May 1659) during what is now known as The Protectorate. This title was first given to Oliver Cromwell in 1653 Oliver Cromwell earned this nickname by: marching into the parliament with a troop of soldiers and drove all the members out. He kept the key after locking the doors. He then ruled a a military dictator King of England, King of Scotland, and King of Ireland Reign: 27 March 1625 – 30 January 1649 Death: By Beheading Engaged in a struggle for power with the parliament. Failures:
Enjoyed purchasing fine possessions which put his country in debt.
Went to war with countries like:
Declared war on the parliament and lost.
Was captured by the Parliamentarians,
put on trial which led to execution.
Disbanded 1660 It also forbade things like dancing, gambling,
sports, and the theatre. Only Puritans were pleased with these laws.
The rest of the people resented the grim and joyless lifestyle. These laws came as a result of Cromwell dividing the country into districts to govern themselves. Members were made up of Presbyterians and Puritans Presbyterians supported King Charles when war broke out, therefore Parliament drove them out and captured King Charles I.
Penal laws that served as a religious test for public office Rump Parliament's Accomplishment: Charged the King with treason and making war on his own people and put him on trial for his life. The father of Charles I and the first Stuart to ascend the throne.
He tried to introduce The Divine Right of Kings
and become a total monarchy like Spain and France. And became very unpopular. Charles I invades Parliament - 1642 to put civil disabilities on Catholics and Non-Conformists What is it? Purpose: And the moral of this story is, don't bankrupt a
country just to buy ridiculous amounts of finery. Why? because of two things:
struggle for power & parliament unwilling to give Charles I money without specific conditions The Trial of Charles I - January 1649 Led 500 soldiers in person to invade the House of Commons, in attempt to arrest the leaders. Charles I was put on trial chiefly for high treason, by most accounts Charles didn't argue all that much.
Details: This was an act of war which started the civil war! Took place in between the parliamentarians and the royalists He merely questioned on whose authority he was being tried. It lead to the execution of Charles I and the exile of Charles II. Then Cromwell took over and spoiled things for everyone. Specific words from trial: Charles I: "By what authority am I here? I am your King. It is guaranteed by law that I am not to be tried by my equals." Parliament: " You are accused as a tyrant, murderer, and public enemy to the good people of out nation Result: Death by execution in front of his nation There was no exact date for when the idea was introduced... Charles I created it to ask for more money, when they refused he shut it down in three weeks Introduced sometime during Cromwell's rule 13 April to 5 May 1640 Charles II and James II both attempted to bring the idea back but their plans never succeeded.