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Project Wolf final copy

Wolf Behavior and Reintroduction into Massachusetts

MB Rush

on 23 May 2012

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Transcript of Project Wolf final copy

Part I: Wolf 101 A brief overview of behavior, history, and human interaction Works Cited PART II: Reintroduction How Wolves Would Benefit Massachusetts So What Can WE Do? Myths and legends - fact or fiction?
European outlook - from the ancients to the Pilgrims Picture Sources Wolf Part 1 slide picture: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canis_lupus_looking_up_%28illustration%29.gif
Little Red Riding Hood Picture: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Little_Red_Riding_Hood_-_J._W._Smith.jpg
Wolf Part 2 slide: http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canis_lupus_in_quebec.jpg
The pack subunit slide picture 1: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wolf_pack_in_Yellowstone_NP.jpg
The pack subunit slide picture 2:
Fast facts slide picture: http://animals.nationalgeographic.com/animals/mammals/wolf/?source=A-to-Z
History of The Wolf in North America cont. slide picture 2 - alaskawildernessexpeditions.com
History of The Wolf in North America cont. slide picture 1 - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Grabill_-_Roping_gray_wolf.jpg
History of The Wolf in North America cont. slide picture 2 - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canadianwolfer.png
History of The Wolf in North America slide picture 2 - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Nativeamericangirl.jpg
Wolf behavior unit 2 slide picture 1 - http://wwwdelivery.superstock.com/WI/223/4201/PreviewComp/SuperStock_4201-65420.jpg
Wolf behavior unit 2 slide picture 2 - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canis_lupus_tracks_in_sand.jpg
Wolf behavior unit 2 slide picture 3 -http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Euskal_Museoa_wolf_trap.jpg
More Wolf Anatomy picture 1 -http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Loup_canada.jpg
More Wolf Anatomy picture 2 - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:WolfSkelLyd1.png
sent picture 1 - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Duma_roll.jpg
Pack Members cont. - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Wolf_dierenrijk_2009.JPG
Pups slide picture 1 - courtesy of Nancy Gibson
Pups cont. slide picture 1 - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Canis_lupus_resting_in_front_of_den.jpg
Pups cont. slide picture 2 - courtesy of Nancy Gibson
Communication Body Language slide - Berg, Karyln Atkinson. "Body Postures." How a Wolf Communicates through its Tail
and Body Posture. N.p., n.d. Web. 11 May 2012.
The Hunt slide 1 picture 1 - http://www.123rf.com/photo_13330562_set-of-few-wolves-isolated-over-white-background-with-shade.html
The Hunt cont. - http://www.flickr.com/photos/14328406@N06/3218065051/
Economy slide - http://www.tripswithkidscanada.com/2011/07/algonquin-parks-wolf-howls-program/
Benefit for predators slide - http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%D0%9B%D0%B8%D1%81%D0%B8%D1%86%D0%B0.JP
Wolf's Prey - http://www.injuredbikerlaw.com/how-to-avoid-collisions-with-moose-and-deer/, http://www.biology-blog.com/blogs/permalinks/5-2006/beavers-in-massachusetts.html, http://kenai.fws.gov/overview/notebook/2008/jan/11jan2008.htm
Farmers slide pictures - Stone, Suzanne Asha, et al. Livestock and Wolves: A Guide to Nonlethal Tools and Methods to Reduce Conflicts. Washington D.C.: Defenders of Wildlife, 2008. Defenders of Wildlife. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.defenders.org>.
Otter wolf photos - photos taken by MB Rush, photos courtesy of Nancy Gibson, http://www.123rf.com/search.php?word=european_wolf&start=60&searchopts=&itemsperpage=60 History of The Wolf in North America Wolves Before the White Man
Native Americans
Distribution & impact Settlers / West
Impact of bison and other game animal elimination
1970s and Today A Special thanks to Steve Gardener Nancy Gibson from the International Wolf Center Wolf Hollow
in Ipswitch MA Bryan Windmiller Wolf Anatomy There are differences between Subspecies, but not much different in North America besides diet and slight variations in skeletal messurements
Massachusetts was the former range of The Eastern Wolf
A different species than the Grey Wolf?
Massachusetts's Eastern Coyote, The Ultimate Hybrid Wolf Behavior Unit 2: The Pack Subspecies of the Wolf, Canis lupus *These are all averages; accounts for all subspecies The Pack - Members and Dominance A pack is a kind of social unit, like a family
Common need to survive
Breeding pair
Breeding Male
Breeding Female
Second-in-command: the inforcer Overview of the Wolf Unit 1: History, attitudes, and more The World Wide Wolf
Common misconceptions Pack Members cont. Mid-ranking members
Low-ranking members Communication - Body Language Worksheet
Body type
Size Communication - The Howl NOT USED TO COMMUNICATE WITH THE MOON!!!
Often heard around full moon because wolves hunt more with more moonlight - easier to see.
Used to locate, scare other packs/claim territory, sing, and seldomly morn Pups Den life for the pups
Out of the Den Average gestation period: 63 days
Litter size of 4-13
Denning site and the breeding season Pups cont. Scent Role The Hunt Food-
1. fitness
2. survival
3. social
Content More About The Hunt target food
Method The Hunt cont. Method cont.
The Raven Which Wolf? Eastern timber wolf
Grey wolf Economy Tourists
Scientists Benefit for predators Coyotes
Other Wolf's Prey Moose
Beaver Farmers Stats
methods Plan
Gain support So What Can WE Do? Government
recap “About the Beaver Population: Claims and Responses regarding the Beaver Population in Massachusetts.” MSPCA.org. The MSPCA–Angell, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.mspca.org/programs/wildlife-resources/species-information/beaver/about-the-beaver-population.html>.
Axelrod, Jim. Massachusetts Moose Country. cbsnews.com. CBS Interactive Inc. , 6 June 2005. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.cbsnews.com/video/watch/?id=700027n>.
“BBC Wolf Battlefield.” Animal Battlefield. BBC Bristol. 2002. YouTube. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dMkIQCEDUzY&feature=player_embedded>.
Ben-Achour, Sabri. “Deer Overpopulation Yields Disastrous Results For Forests .” NEWS. American University Radio. WAMU, n.p., 23 May 2011. wamu.org. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://wamu.org/news/11/05/23/deer_overpopulation_yields_disastrous_results_for_forests.php>.
Busch, Robert H. The Wolf Almanac. 1995. Guilford: The Lyons Press, 2007. Print.
Chadwick, Douglas H. “Wolf Wars.” National Geographic Mar. 2010: 34-55. Print.
Chase, Alston. Playing God in Yellowstone: The Destruction of America’s First National Park. 1986. Orlando: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, 1987. Print.
Defenders of Wildlife. Defenders of Wildlife, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.defenders.org/>.
“Eastern Timber Wolf.” Kid’s Planet. Defenders of Wildlife, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.kidsplanet.org/factsheets/eastern_timber_wolf.html>.
Ellis, Shaun, and Penny Junor. The Man Who Lives with Wolves. New York: Harmony Books, 2009. Print.
Fischer, Hank. Wolf Wars. Helena: Falcon Press Publishing Co., Inc., 1995. Print.
Gibson, Nancy. Telephone interview. 18 Mar. 2012.
International Wolf Center. International Wolf Center, n.d. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.wolf.org/wolves/index.asp>.
Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife. “Forest Reserves on State Wildlife Lands in Massachusetts.” MassWildlife. Massachusetts Division of Fisheries and Wildlife, 4 Aug. 2010. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.mass.gov/dfwele/dfw/habitat/management/bdi/forest_mgt/forest_reserves.htm>.
Miller, Robert. “Update: Gray wolf returns to New England.” newstimes.com Mar.-Apr. 2008: n. pag. NewsTimes. Web. 10 Mar. 2012. <http://www.newstimes.com/news/article/Update-Gray-wolf-returns-to-New-England-43696.php>.
- - -. “Update: Gray wolf returns to New England.” newstimes.com. Hearst Communications Inc., 5 Mar. 2008. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.newstimes.com/news/article/Update-Gray-wolf-returns-to-New-England-43696.php>.
Schullery, Paul, ed. The Yellowstone Wolf - A Guide and Sourcebook. Venice: Mill Pond Press, Inc., 1995. Print.
Stone, Suzanne Asha, et al. Livestock and Wolves: A Guide to Nonlethal Tools and Methods to Reduce Conflicts. Washington D.C.: Defenders of Wildlife, 2008. Defenders of Wildlife. Web. 24 Apr. 2012. <http://www.defenders.org>.
Wolf -Demything the Beast (Part 1). YouTube. N.p., 15 July 2006. Web. 24 Apr. 2012.
Wolf - Demything the Beast (Part 2). YouTube. N.p., 15 July 2006. Web. 24 Apr. 2012.
Zincavage, David. “Wolf Shot in Western Massachusetts Last Fall.” Never Yet Melted. N.p., 5 Mar. 2008. Web. 10 Mar. 2012. <http://neveryetmelted.com/2008/03/05/gray-wolf-shot-in-western-massachusetts-last-fall/>. Ms. Lindamood Overview slide picture: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wolf_distr.gif
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