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PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION ARTICLE XIV
Transcript of PHILIPPINE CONSTITUTION ARTICLE XIV
Jestoni C. Agulto Objectives:
1987 CONSTITUTION SUMMARY
ARTICLE I : National Territory
ARTICLE II: Declaration of Principles and State Policies
ARTICLE III: Bill of Rights
ARTICLE IV: Citizenship
ARTICLE V: Suffrage
ARTICLE VI: Legislative Department
ARTICLE VII: Executive Department
ARTICLEVIII: Judicial Department
ARTICLE IX: Constitutional Commissions
ARTICLE X: Local Government
ARTICLE XI: Accountability of Public Officers
ARTICLE XII: National Economy and Patrimony
ARTICLE XIII: Social Justice and Human Rights
ARTICLE XIV: Education, Science and Technology,Arts, Culture and Sports Education
ARTICLE XV: The Family
ARTICLE XVI: General Provisions
ARTICLE XVII: Amendments or Revisions
ARTICLE XVIII: Transitory Provisions CONSTITUTION OF THE
Ratified 2 February 1987
Author(s) Cecilia Muñoz-Palma and the Commissioners of the Constitutional Commission of 1986
Signatories: Commissioners of the Constitutional Commission of 1986 The Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas) is the supreme law of the Philippines. The Constitution currently in effect was enacted in 1987, during the administration of President Corazon C. Aquino, and is popularly known as the "1987 Constitution".[ ARTICLE XIV- Education, Science and Technology, Arts,
Culture and Sports
Section 1. The State shall protect and promote the right of all citizens to quality education at all levels and shall take appropriate steps to make such education accessible to all.
Section 2. The State shall:
(1)Establish, maintain and support a complete, adequate and integrated system of education relevant to the needs of the people and society;
(2)Establish and maintain a system of free public education in the elementary and high school levels. Without limiting the natural right of parents to rear their children, elementary education is compulsory for all children of school-age;
IS EDUCATION REALLY
FILIPINOS? (3)Establish and maintain scholarship grants, loan programs, subsidies and other incentives which shall be available to deserving students in both public and private schools, especially to the underprivileged; SECTION 2 (4)Encourage non-formal, informal and indigenous learning systems, as well as self-learning, independent and out-of-school study programs particularly those that respond to community needs; and
(5)Provide adult citizens, the disabled and out-of-school youth with training in civics, vocational efficiency and other skills.
SECTION 2 Informal education also refers to learning from the home, the church, mass media and other community institutions.
Indigenous learning systems include ways and methods within the indigenous cultural communities. Formal education – Organized, guided by a formal curriculum, leads to a formally recognized credential such as a high school completion diploma or a degree, and is often guided and recognized by government at some level. Teachers are usually trained as professionals in some way.
Non formal learning – Organized (even if it is only loosely organized), may or may not be guided by a formal curriculum. This type of education may be led by a qualified teacher or by a leader with more experience. Though it doesn’t result in a formal degree or diploma, non-formal education is highly enriching and builds an individual’s skills and capacities. Continuing education courses are an example for adults. Girl guides and boy scouts are an example for children. It is often considered more engaging, as the learner’s interest is a driving force behind their participation. Informal learning – No formal curriculum and no credits earned. The teacher is simply someone with more experience such as a parent, grandparent or a friend. A father teaching his child to play catch or a babysitter teaching a child their ABC’s is an example of informal education. Section 3
(1)All educational institutions shall include the study of Constitution as part of the curricula.
(2)They shall inculcate patriotism, nationalism, foster love of humanity, respect for human rights, appreciation of the role of national heroes in the historical development of the country, teach the rights and duties of citizenship, strengthen ethical and spiritual values, develop moral character and personal discipline, encourage critical and creative thinking, broaden scientific and technological knowledge and promote vocational efficiency. SECTION 3 There are over 14 million IPs in the country, most of whom are in Mindanao. They continue to live as organized communities, retaining their customs and traditions, and fighting for their rights. Tribal groups are found throughout the Philippines, among them the Apayao, Isneg and Tinggian in the Cordillera; Aeta, Gaddang, and Ibanag in Cagayan Valley; Pinatubo and Baluga in Central Luzon; Hanunoo and Iraya in Mindoro; Batak, Ke-ney, and Tagbanua in Palawan; Ati and Sulod in Western Visayas; and Ata, Bagobo, Badjao, Bilaan in Mindanao. The right of indigenous peoples (IPs) to education is provided in the Philippine Constitution, in Republic Act 8371, the Indigenous Peoples Rights Act (IPRA) of 1997, and the 2007 United Nations (UN) Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Education empowers IPs and helps them claim their rights and exercise self-determination. It provides them with the tool to discover identities, promote traditional knowledge, skills, and cultural heritage, so that they can be assimilated in Philippine society.
A culturally appropriate alternative learning system curriculum for the IPs was launched by the Department of Education, in collaboration with the National Commission for Indigenous Peoples. The curriculum parallels the learning competencies of the formal school but differs in content and method of teaching. Alternative Learning System is an alternative way of acquiring basic education for elementary and secondary comparable to formal education. In support to the goals of Education for All (EFA 2015), it has made great stride in the delivery of its basic education and literacy development services for out of school youth, children and adults.
Its mission is to provide learning opportunities that will empower out of school children, youth and adult learners to continue learning in any manner, at any time and any place they want to achieve their goals of improving quality of life and becoming more effective contributors to society. SECTION 3 (3)At the option expressed in writing by parents or guardians, religion shall be allowed to be taught to their children onwards in public elementary and high schools within the regular class hours by instructors designed or approved by the religious authorities of the religion to which the children or wards belong, without additional cost to the Government. 1. Enumerate the key features of each
section in the Article XIV of
2. Analyze the content of the sections
of Article XIV.
3. Explain the importance of the
sections of Article XIV in the
present Philippine Education
setting. PRE-TEST # 1: IDENTIFICATION
We, the ___________________, imploring the aid of Almighty God, in order to build a just and humane society and establish a Government that shall embody our ideals and aspirations, promote the common good, conserve and develop our patrimony, and secure to ourselves and our posterity the blessings of independence and democracy under the rule of law and a regime of truth, justice, freedom, love, equality, and peace, do ordain and promulgate this Constitution. PRE-TEST #2: MULTIPLE CHOICE How many articles are written in the 1987 Philippine Constitution?
d. 32 PRE-TEST # 3
Which of the following is not included in the Article XIV of 1987 Philippine Constitution?
c. Science and Technology
d. Arts, Culture and Sports
(1)The state recognizes the complementary roles of public and private institutions in the educational system and shall exercise reasonable supervision and regulation of all educational institutions.
(2)Educational institutions, other than those established by religious groups shall be owned solely by citizens of the Philippines or corporation or associations at least sixty per centum of the capital of which is owned by such citizens.
The control and administration of educational institutions shall be vested in the citizens of the Philippines.
No educational institution shall be established exclusively for aliens and no group of aliens shall comprise more than 1/3 of the enrollment in any school.
(3)All revenues and assets of non-stock, non-profit educational institutions used actually, directly and exclusively for educational purposes shall be exempt for taxes and duties. Upon the dissolution or cessation of the corporate existence of such institutions, their assets shall be disposed of in manner provided by law.
Proprietary educational institutions, including those cooperatively owned, may likewise be entitled to such exemptions subject to the limitations provided by law including restrictions on dividends and provisions for reinvestment.
(4)Subject to conditions prescribed by law, all grants, endowments, donations or contributions used actually, directly and exclusively for educational purposes shall be exempt from tax
SECTION 4 ALS Accomplishments/ Highlights in Tagum City, Davao Del Norte
Ms. Aida Canoy, BSE 2008 graduated Magna Cumlaude
Ms Niña Gloria, BSC 2008 graduated Cum laude
Ms. Flordeliza Clemente, BSN 2007