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Japan

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Jessica Lee

on 12 November 2016

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Transcript of Japan

Japan
The Basics
Location
Flag
History
Popular Tourist Attractions
Important Historical Sites
Unique Landscapes
Demographics
Population
Government
Language
Japan is located in the far east Asia continent. It is a group of islands nation located in the Pacific ocean
The Japanese flag is a white banner that contains a red circle, the circle represents the sun.
The flag is called hinomaru which means circle of the sun. In English it is also known as the rising sun
Mount Fiji
Mt. Fuji is a symbolic landscape to Japan
The looks of mount Fiji changes every season. Mount Fuji has a tundra climate which means that the temperature us very low at high altitudes and the cone is covered by snow for several months of the year
Link to Course Content
Roles
Japans constitution came into force in 1947, and it is based on 3 principle: sovereignty of the people, respect for fundamental human rights and renunciation of war
Values
Beliefs
Ceremonies/ Rituals/ Rites of Passage

Residence to the Emperor of Japan, the palace is located in the middle of Tokyo city
The palace is surrounded by a water filled moat.
The 3 main gardens there are opened to the public; East Garden, Outer Garden and Kitanomaru Garden
Cultural Relativism and Other School of Thoughts
Important Cities
Early People of Japan
From first to sixth century people lived in tribes
Only had tools of bronze and iron, lived by fishing and planting their fields
Believed in spirits of trees and the water and the rocks (Shinto religion)

China's Influence
Japanese used China’s idea for a central government, style of building, writing and religion (Buddhism)

Nara and Heian Period
• 750 Nara Period: Nara capital of Japan

• 794 Heian Period: Capital moved to Heia, means “peace and tranquility”, later changed to Kyoto, means “capital”

Ruled By Shoguns
• 1185 capital moved to Kamakura near present-day Tokyo by Shogun
Shogun is actual head of government; manages affair of state
Emperor takes care of ceremonial duties

Closing of Japan
About 1549 Japan became “closed” because foreigners were bringing new weapons and religions (Christianity) into Japan
No one could enter or leave Japan

Re-opening of Japan
• 1853 U.S came to Japan on a peaceful* mission to open the ports to Japan for trade and succeeded


Results of WWII
• December 7, 1941 Japan attacked U.S navel base Pearl Harbour killing 2500 people
• August 6, 1945, U.S dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima killing more than 80,000 people
• August 9, 1945, U.S dropped a plutonium bomb on Nagasaki a major shipping port during the Pacific War, killing 75000 people and injuring another 75000

Culture
Changes Made by American Occupation
• August 14, 1945, Japanese surrendered to U.S
• May 3, 1947, Japan wasn’t allowed to maintain enough force to go to war again

Art
Music
Japanese Architecture
Chinese Architecture
Literature
Food
Clothing
Festivals/ Holidays
Nara, Japan
Ethnicities
Kyoto, Japan
Religions
Shogun
Emperor
• tradition Japanese dress is the kimono which are generally made from silk
• have large sleeves and reach from the shoulders all the way down to the heels
• are worn on special events such as graduation, ceremonies, weddings, festivals, etc
• tied with a large belt called obi
• limit one's movement
• casual kimono's are called yukata
• in everyday life, the Japanese wear clothes just like western people

Ainu
• considered to be the native people of Japan
• today they are only found in the northern part of Japan
• they're not pure Japanese; however, they carry Japanese blood because their ancestors may have married a Japanese
• Physical Features: short statures, high cheekbones, dark skin, double eyelids, and great amount of hair

*Went to Japan with 4 war ships
Yayoi
• originate from the Korean Peninsula
• linked with Han Chinese (main ethnic group from modern- day China)
• hardly any pure Yayoi's left for many are mixed with Ainu and other ethnicities in Japan
• Physical Features: white skin, monolid eyes, long faces, thin lips, low nose bridges, and small amount of hair

Jomon
Pearl Harbour
Hiroshima
• said to inhabit Japan before the Yayoi
• very rare to have a pure Jomon, many are mixed with the Yayoi or Ainu people
• Physical Features: square jaws, dark skin, deep-set double- lidded eyes, larger lips, taller nose and more hair than the average East- Asian

Shintoism
• exact origin is unknown
• archaeological evidence shows that the religion was practiced by the Yayoi's around 400 BC- 250 AD
• Yayoi's live in clans called uji and each uji worshipped a single god (kami)
• Kami represented objects in nature

Buddhism
• spread after the arrival of Chinese and Koreans during 538 A.D
• many were reluctant to accepting the religion at first but after the Monolobe clan was defeated in 587 A.D the religion spread
• today syncretism is present in Japan for many Buddhist cultures are influenced by Shintoist traditions
• a common Japanese saying is "We live as Shintoist but die as Buddhist"

• Japanese people are known not to show affection physically (hugging, kissing, holding hands, etc)
• children are taught to try their best, never give up, think of others, knowing your role, respecting your elders and working in groups
• a common phrase omoyari means to notice and to think of others
• ganburu meaning effort and gaman meaning enduring are taught in the process of their entrance exam
• it is a strong belief that effort and endurance is needed in order to reach a potential goal

• Men & women have equal rights but men are still dominant in their families and in business

• Men leave their wives at home and attend clubs and dinners alone

• Girls are taught to obey their fathers and in marriage are taught to obey their husbands, when they have kids their son is to be the head of the household

• Most jobs open to women aside from the role of wife and mother is office work; nursing, telephone operator and factory workers

• Younger women are working their way into teaching at an elementary level; males dominate secondary schools and universities

Men
Women
Sensō-ji
• Buddhist temple located in Asakusa
• Tokyo’s oldest temple dating back to 645 CE
• Various events are held throughout the year in the Sensoji Temple area

Kinkaku-ji
• Zen temple in northern Kyoto
• Top two floors completely covered in gold leaf
• The temple was the retirement villa of the shogun (military commander) Ashikaga Yoshimitsu
• Has burned down numerous times throughout its history

Tokyo Disney Land
• Theme park based on the films produced by Walt Disney
• Opened in 1983, first Disney theme park outside of the United States
• Modeled after Disneyland in California and the Magic Kingdom in Florida Tokyo

Tokyo
Kyoto
Population: 1.5 million
Cultural and ceremonial capital of Japan
Spared from bombing during WWII due to national treasures
• Capital of Japan, population 8.5 million
• Has 3 of tallest buildings in Asia (50-60 stories high)
• Centre of nation's business
• Almost twice the size of Los Angeles
• City has more neon lights and movie theaters than anywhere in the world

Sapporo
• City laid out on a plain of rectangles like U.S and Canada
• Skiing resorts and winter sports of Sapporo are popular vacationing spots for Japanese
• Winter Olympic games held here in 1972

B. Jansen, M. (2014, December 15). Japan | history - geography. Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/300531/Japan

Peterson, Lorraine D. Japan (Land and People). United States of America: Coronado, 1983. Print.

Kanagy, R. (2013, August 15). Cultural Values of Japan - Moon Travel Guides. Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://moon.com/2013/08/cultural-values-of-japan/

Ethnic Groups in Japan. (n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://sites.psu.edu/hapadesu/2014/03/07/ethnic-groups-in-japan/

Facts About Japan. (2015, January 1). Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://facts-about-japan.com/modern-religion.html

JAPANESE CULTURE. (2014). Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://www.gojapango.com/culture/culture.html

Kids Web Japan. (n.d.). Retrieved April 2, 2015, from http://web-japan.org/kidsweb/explore/housing/

Unknown. (n.d.). Japan-guide.com - Japan Travel and Living Guide. Retrieved March 20, 2015, from http://www.japan-guide.com/

2015 Cherry Blossom Forecast. (n.d.). Retrieved April 1, 2015, from http://www.japan-guide.com

(n.d.). Retrieved April 1, 2015, from http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/Japan.aspx

- Art was greatly influenced by Buddhism
- In later 19th century, art is valued for its simplicity and
colourful style
- Japanese cultural mainstream was infused with forms of Western
painting, sculpture, and architecture
- Japanese art has its own understanding of the natural world as a
source of spiritual insight and informative reflection of human emotion.
- a tendency to give compassion and human scale to religious
iconography
- visual symbolism associated with plants, animals, and other objects strongly
affected the content and meaning of Japanese art and design
- some styles of art and art movements include: calligraphy, painting,
pottery, architecture, wood-block prints, anime, manga, etc.
scroll paintings also expressed the spiritual and natural world, in the medieval period
The history of traditional music in Japan is rich and varied.
Many musical forms were imported from China, but developed into distinctively Japanese styles of expression
Instruments were adapted and newly created to meet local needs
Japanese Folk Music
Types: work songs, religious, songs for gatherings such as weddings, funerals, and children songs
J-Rock
One of the most popular music forms in Japan
J-POP
Identical to American songs
Often played at a very rapid frantic pace
fundamental part of Japanese pop culture and used in anime, store, commercials, movies, radio shows, TV shows, and video games.

Genres
Traditional Instuments
Koto
a large, wooden instrument with 13 strings
the most familiar and popular Japanese instrument
The music ranges from the simplicity of the traditional to the melodic as well as challenging contemporary pieces
Shakuhachi
flute made of bamboo that's played by blowing on one end
play a wide repertoire of original zen music, ensemble music with koto, biwa and shamisen, folk music, jazz and other modern pieces.
Shamisen
Resembles and played like a guitar
Frequently used as an accompaniment to songs oo various types.
Sounds similar to the banjo
Gender Roles
In Japan more women have political and business position; however, men are still dominant within the world field
Although North America is huge on gender equality, Japan is different, for they follow their gender roles
North Americans may think this is degrading to females; however, we must acknowledge that gender roles plays a big part within their culture
Nudity in Japan
In Japan, the idea of nudity is a part of their culture
In comparison, the North American culture may see this as inappropriate and explicit
In a rural side of Japan, it is common for those to go to a unisex shower house
In Japan the naked body isn't s and is much appreciated

located in Nagasaki, Japan, commemorating the atomic bombing of the city on August 9th, 1945 during World War II, it was opened on April1, 1955
It is filled statues and is near the center of the explosion
Japanese is the official language and the only one really used, 99% of the population uses it
However there are many regional dialects such as the one spoken in Osaka, which has different pronunciation of words than those in standard japanese
It is the highest mountain in japan, it is also a startovolcano
It is considered to be one of Japan's Three Holy Mountains
It is located near the Pacific coast of central Honshu, west of Tokyo
Japanese Gardens
Cultural
Do's & Don'ts
Japanese gardens are very popular. they are known for their neatness and delicate appeal
These gardens are a reflection of the upright and balanced lifestyles that the traditional Japanese society was known for
Typical Japanese gardens include rock gardens, a koi fish pond, a bonsai tree
Do ...
Don't ...
Nagasaki Peace Park
peace statue's right hand points to the threat of nuclear weapons while the extended left hand symbolizes eternal peace.
Imperial Palace
Goryokaku Fort
Located in Hakodate City
This is the first and largest western styled star shaped fortification is Japan
Loyalists to old regime fought against the Meji government from this fort in 1868. The fort was laid in ruins after the war
In 1913 after the restoration work the fort site was reopened as a park and cherry trees are now a famous attraction here
When entering a house, inn, restaurant, or office, you must remove your shoes.
Politely bow when you meet someone, thank them, or say goodbye
Have gratitude and humility.
Kneel with your legs tucked under your body, when sitting around a low Japanese table
Arrive on time
When accepting anything, use both hands
Greet others with enthusiasm
Offer your host a gift from your home country

In the written language, Japanese is comprised of three different forms Kanji, Hirigana and Katakana
The area of Japan is nearly equivalent to Germany and Switzerland combined
Japan consists of 4 major islands surrounded by more than 4,000 smaller islands
Overall Japan's topographical features include coastlines with varied scenery, towering mountains and twisted valleys
Wear your slippers on a tatami room
Wear old, torn socks when visiting homes, temples, museums, or galleries
Blow your nose in public
Be loud and obnoxious in public.
Spear food with chopsticks or leave them in a bowl of rice
Pass food to others with chopsticks
Eat or drink while you walk or are in transit
Bathe dirty
Burping, its considered bad mannered

Ranks up to be one of the major literatures of the world, comparable in age, richness, and volume to English literature

Japan possesses an ancient and rich literary tradition that make up a millennium and a half of written records
The first writing of literature of Japan was prompted by influence from China
Western literature had a strong effect on Japanese writers, and this influence is still seen today
Many popular works were either "pure literature" or pulp novels
Manga is part of almost every sector of the popular market
Kenzaburo Oe
Haruki Murakami
Ryu Murakami
Shintaro Ishihara
Mitsuyo Kakuta
Kenzo Kitakata

some popular writers include:
About 126, 818, 000
1.75% of the total world population
Ranks number 10
Sushi
- small piece of raw seafood placed on a ball of rice
Tempura
- deep-fried vegetables or shrimp after being coated in a mixture of egg, water, and wheat flour
Sashimi
- raw seafood dish
Soba Noodles
- made of buckwheat flour or a mixture of buckwheat and wheat flour
Udon Noodles
- made of wheat flour
Ramen Noodles
- prepared in a soup with various toppings
Yakitori
- skewered grilled chicken pieces seasoned with salt or sauce
Teppanyaki
- form of preparation of meat on a large iron griddle
Miso Soup
- most popular side dish, dissolved miso paste in fish stock
January 1st-
Ganjitsu
. Marks the beginning of the new year season
February 11th-
Foundation Day.
Commemorates the national foundation of Japan and fosters patriotism
March 3rd-
Hina Matsuri
. Doll festival dedicated to young girls
August 13-16th-
Obon
. Buddhist lantern festival that pays tribute to ancestral spirits.
December 23rd-
Emperor's Birthday
. Birthday of the reigning emperor.
Tea Ceremony
Tea Ceremony-
Traditional way of preparing and serving Japanese green tea together with traditional Japanese sweets to balance the bitter taste of tea. Focuses on aesthetics and preparing a bowl of tea from one's heart.
Coming of Age Ceremony-
Marks one's coming of age that reflects both expanded rights and responsibilities. Young men and women visit the holy Shinto shrines where they listen to elders speak and are given gifts.
you will go blind, if you don't eat all of your rice during meals
If you whistle at night a snake or a ghost will pay you a visit
the number 4 and 9 are unlucky
the number 7 s consider holy and lucky
sleeping with your head facing north, will cause you a shorter life
the ideal number of children in a family is one to three
The family is the basic unit of society and respect for the elders is of great importance
older and more senior people are shown more respect and deference
education is very important in the Japanese society
Work Cited
The constitution also stipulates the independence of the 3 branches of government: the legislative, executive and the judicial
Japan has a parliamentary system of government like britain and canada. The japanese do not elect a president directly instead the legislative members elect a prime minister from among themselves
no one knows who designed it or when it was adopted as the flag of imperial Japan on January 27, 1870
Japanese is the 6th most spoken language in the world
Full transcript