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Transcript of Political Communication
THE POLITICAL: A WORKING DEFINITION
FIELD WHICH CONTENTS ARE DEFINED BY THE CODE POWER/POWERLESS
History of classic thought on politics:
Athens (limited democracy) Rhetoric
Machiavelli 1469-1527 Florence invaded by French Italian crisis of disunity and foreign domination
Human beings are political by nature (2.4),
The polis exists by nature (2.5),
and the polis is prior by (p.68) nature to each of its members (2.6).
Foundational paradox: between sociability/war
Lucy: Australopitecus afaraensis
Biological foundations for solidarity/aggression
State of nature
Law of nature
Right to self-defense
Contract as a means towards obligation
freedom for external sources of constraint
The social contract’s function is to create a sovereign people,
Against religious sources of authority
Hobbes' concept of the political
3. State of Nature; scarce resources and competition. Lack of an external source of authority to rule the conflict
Covenant as a means to overcome state of nature
Results: autonomy of politics as a field/ separation from the Pope, Leviathan
The conflicting claims to representation fragmented the polity called for the exercise of emergency powers under article 48 of the Weimar Constitution. Schmitt’s solution: Autonomy of the political and the authorization of a
Plebiscitary dictatorship-Hitler would be a permanent dictator
"Sovereign is he who decides on the exception."
POLITICS AS CONFLICT
AUTONOMY OF THE POLITICAL
USES OF HOBBES
USES OF RHETORIC
TO DEFINE WHO THE ENEMY IS
Modernity: social systems; modern subject; towards mass-society
FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
MARKET OF IDEAS
PUBLIC SPACE/ PUBLIC GOOD
CHOMSKY AND HERMAN MODEL OF PROPAGANDA
SPIRALS OF NEGATIVE AFFECTS -Slater and Schemer
KOPPANG: PROPAGANDA; Manipulation; Logical fallacies; Emotions, affects and manipulation
MODELS OF INFLUENCE