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Political Communication

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by

Eliana Herrera

on 25 November 2013

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Transcript of Political Communication



THE POLITICAL: A WORKING DEFINITION
FIELD WHICH CONTENTS ARE DEFINED BY THE CODE POWER/POWERLESS

Aggression

History of classic thought on politics:

Athens (limited democracy) Rhetoric


Machiavelli 1469-1527 Florence invaded by French Italian crisis of disunity and foreign domination

Hobbes 1588-1679

Schmitt
Social animal
Aristotle
Zoon politikon
Human beings are political by nature (2.4),
The polis exists by nature (2.5),
and the polis is prior by (p.68) nature to each of its members (2.6).

Locke
Rousseau
Montesquieu
Political communication.
Foundational paradox: between sociability/war
Lucy: Australopitecus afaraensis
Biological foundations for solidarity/aggression

State of nature

Law of nature
Right to self-defense
Covenant

Contract as a means towards obligation
freedom for external sources of constraint

The social contract’s function is to create a sovereign people,
Authoritarian solution

Leviathan
Against religious sources of authority
(Roman papacy)
Hobbes' concept of the political
3. State of Nature; scarce resources and competition. Lack of an external source of authority to rule the conflict
Covenant as a means to overcome state of nature

Results: autonomy of politics as a field/ separation from the Pope, Leviathan
Schmitt, Carl
The conflicting claims to representation fragmented the polity called for the exercise of emergency powers under article 48 of the Weimar Constitution. Schmitt’s solution: Autonomy of the political and the authorization of a
Diktatur (Hitler)
Plebiscitary dictatorship-Hitler would be a permanent dictator

"Sovereign is he who decides on the exception."
POLITICS AS CONFLICT


NO COVENANT
AUTONOMY OF THE POLITICAL

USES OF HOBBES
Antagonist politics
FRIEND/ENEMY

USES OF RHETORIC
PROPAGANDA
EMOTIONAL APPEAL

TO DEFINE WHO THE ENEMY IS
1888–1985
Politics

power/powerless
Media

Information/not information
Law

legal/illegal
Economy

Profit/not profit
money/not money
Art

decorative/not decorative


Modernity: social systems; modern subject; towards mass-society
PLURALIST SOCIETY
DEMOCRACY
FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
LIBERALISM
MARKET OF IDEAS
PUBLIC SPACE/ PUBLIC GOOD
MASS SOCIETY

CHOMSKY AND HERMAN MODEL OF PROPAGANDA
SPIRALS OF NEGATIVE AFFECTS -Slater and Schemer

KOPPANG: PROPAGANDA; Manipulation; Logical fallacies; Emotions, affects and manipulation
MODELS OF INFLUENCE
Full transcript