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Islam Beliefs and Practices

Islamic beliefs/practices and how they connected to Islamic Law.
by

Nelly Nguyen

on 12 February 2014

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Transcript of Islam Beliefs and Practices

Muslims show their monotheistic beliefs in prayer, by quoting, "There is no god but God, and Muhammad is his prophet." This saying is repeated during daily prayers and shows that they truly believe in Islam and its teachings.
Monotheism
The Five Pillars of Islam
The Qur'an
The Sunnah
The Hadith
Showing their accepting of Allah also includes the Muslims praying five times each and every day. Their prayers are done at these times: before sunrise, midday, late afternoon, after sunset, and before sleep. These prayers are done at a mosque, along with other Muslims.
Prayer
Religious officials accept the mandatory yearly donation made by the Muslims. In the end, the funds are dispersed amongst the poor, building projects and debt.
Donations
On special occasions and holidays such as Ramadan, Muslims give up on consuming drink and food for sunrise to sunset. This shows that they are willing to give up their own body for Allah and to remember that there are those who have nothing to eat.
Fasting
A pilgrimage to the Kaaba located in Mecca is mandatory for all Muslims. It is also known as the hajj and must be done at least once in their life. This is an important location due to the fact that Muhammad, founder of Islam, grew up in Mecca.
Travel
Islamic sources help form Shariah/Islamic Law. It is used to see how moral or righteous one's choices were.
What is it?
To help the Muslims decide just how wrong or right someone was in their decision-making, the use a "scale". While some actions would be considered good (ex. mandatory/tolerated), others are bad (ex. rejected/restricted).
Judgement Scale
All good deeds are rewarded while bad ones are punished. Their system nowadays is a mixture of Shariah and Western law. However, in earlier times, Islamic Law was the main basis.
Legal System
There is no true source of Islamic Law as the thoughts and rules have changed over the ages. Different sections of Arabia have a slightly altered view and depiction of Shariah, meaning no book will be able to explain all the details of it.
Islamic Law Found in Text
In Islam, Allah is the one and only God, and Muhammad teaches the right way to live through the messages he was given as a prophet. When it comes to the subject of death, those who were loyal followers continue on into paradise and those who were disobedient and disloyal will face consequences in the "afterlife".
Beliefs
Most of the rules for Muslims include being cleansed. The Qur'an helps give insight on living morally. No alcohol or pork is consumed as it is not pure. Those who are about to pray must be washed beforehand so they are clean in the presence of Allah, their God.
Personal Guidelines
Rules for living amongst others also existed in Islam. Slaves were mostly freed, although it was not completely banned. Women and men did not have equal rights. However, there were still some advantages for women: owning property, earning money, and learning at schools. Jihad also comes about, as it shows how people are conflicted when it comes to spreading and defending Islam itself.
General Guidelines
To write the Sunnah, the hadith had to be studied. The hadith was a record of what Muhammad said and did. As a result, a basis for the way people lived and acted was created: the Sunnah.
A Source of Information
The Sunnah relates to the five pillars, along with other things. House-guests are treated with respect and benevolence. Other moral acts include not borrowing money and being an obedient citizen.
Lifestyle
This two-part book of Islam talks about how to live and interact, as it is the basis for the Sunnah. Instead of being the exact word of Allah, it is Muhammad's, his family's, and his friend's records. The two sections are the main part/matn and isnad (explains who helped pass down the religion).
Teachings
Islam Beliefs and Practices
Islamic Law
By: Nelly Nguyen (PM Core)
Muslims connected much of their practices and rules to their daily life. The Five Pillars showed them how to pray, use their money, travel, and even what and when to eat. This helped shape how they spent their days and the actions they make. Meanwhile, Islamic Law judged what people did using scales and Muslims could use this scale to examine both their own and others' actions. The Qur'an, or the exact word of Allah, teaches how to treat and act towards yourself and fellow citizens and friends. Lastly, the Sunnah was also used as a guideline based of Muhammad's doings. All of these sources of beliefs and tradition guided Muslims on how to live in many different ways.
Connections To Daily Life
Full transcript