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Developmental Psychology

Presentations over various topics related to Developmental Psychology (follows a Life-Span approach for the sequencing of topics)
by

Derek Miller

on 12 February 2018

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Transcript of Developmental Psychology

Developmental Psychology
Understanding Development
Nature / Nurture
Maturation
(genetically programmed to grow)
Malleability
(shaped by the environment)
Continuity v. Discontinuity
Is Development is fluid... continuous?
Or... does Development really occur in STAGES? (
Freud, Erikson, Piaget, Kohlberg
)
Stability v. Change
Does Development stop at some point and remain stagnant?
Or... does Development never really stop... keeps evolving?
Research Methods
Longitudinal Studies
Cross-Sectional Studies
Prenatal Development
Critical Periods
Language Development
Brain and Senses Development
Impacts of the Environment... Teratogens
Ex. F.A.S. (Fetal Alcohol Syndrome)
Cognitive Development
Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Erikson's Stages of Psychosocial Development
Kohlberg's Levels of Moral Development
Infancy and Childhood
Social Development
Process of Attachment
Harry Harlow (1958)
Study of Rhesus Monkeys
Showed NATURE of attachment process
Attachment NOT because of nourishment
Mary Ainsworth (1967, 1971)
"Strange Situation"
Experimental studied human attachment
D.V. was infant's reactions, but REALLY...
Discovered THREE main
Types of Attachment
Avoidant (20% of children)
Secure (70% of children)
Ambivalent (10% of children)
Factors in Attachment:
parental sensitivity
infant's temperament
Starts with ATTACHMENT:
First Connection between baby and caregivers
Babies show innate desire to see faces
This shows evidence of use of SCHEMAS
Contrasted with IMPRINTING
3-6 mos. - begin showing SEPARATION anxiety
8 mos. - begin showing STRANGER anxiety
Formation of Identity
Self-Identity
sense of SELF as different from environment
sense of SELF as different from others
Gender Identity
sense of SELF as connected to gender
Remember the case of
David Reimer
(1965)
Expanding Piaget's Understanding...
Vygotsky's Sociocultural Approach
Cognitive development based on INTERACTION
Each have a...
Zone of Proximal Development
COOPERATIVE learning in addition to CHILD-CENTERED learning
An Introduction
Schema
Assimilation
Accommodation
(Experience)
into EXISTING schema
into NEW schema
Carol Gilligan's Levels of Moral Development
Cognitive Development
Piaget's Theory of Cognitive Development
Cognitive Development
After birth, synapses form at most rapid rate
Brain and Sense Development:
(neural networks)
Speaking of SCHEMAS (and cognitive development), let's get a brief introduction to...
http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/assimilation-and-accommodation.html
Click on and watch each of the following videos (but return to this Prezi and keep going once you are done)...
http://education-portal.com/academy/lesson/piagets-stages-of-cognitive-development.html
Visual acuity improves along with brain growth ans sensory stimulation
Begin showing preference for familiar faces around 4-6 months
Babies stare at novel stimuli
baby likes this one...
How do we know what babies prefer?
Habituation occurs
- baby habituates (gets used to) stimuli and gets "bored"
- BUT, baby stares longer at preferred stimuli
Piaget proposed that we learn SEQUENTIALLY (in stages) and INDIVIDUALLY...
Lev Vygotsky challenged this
Vygotsky's Sociocultural Approach
Moral Development
In Europe, a woman was near death from cancer. One drug might save her, a form of radium that a druggist in the same town had recently discovered. The druggist was charging $2,000, ten times what the drug cost him to make. The sick woman’s husband, Heinz, went to everyone he knew to borrow the money, but he could only get
together about half of what it cost. He told the druggist that his wife was dying and asked him to sell it cheaper or let him let him pay later. But the druggist said, “No.” The husband got desperate and broke into the man’s store to steal the drug for his wife. Should the husband have done that? Why or why not?
Heinz's Dilemma
During Prenatal development, environmental factors impact development
... notice the facial characteristics
... FAS children are also often behind in school and display emotional instability
Continuing the look at the Interaction of Nature and Nurture, let's look at...
Critical Periods are very important for..
And...
Now, look at a case study that shows how important it is to meet Critical Periods
Developmental studies often apply
as
or
study one group over time
compare a characteristic of different age groups at the same time
Three Major Debates Exist in Developmental Psychology
Here we see an extreme case showing the interaction of Nature and Nurture and what happens when you assume too much...

Early Development and Attachment

Social Development
Impact of Parenting
Baumrind's Parenting Styles Research
Getting Started:
Agenda (1/9/18)... Reflections, Reminders, and Development
Devices: Phone OR Laptop
Materials: Binder and pen/pencil
Please sit at the desk number given you as you came in (desk # in black ink in corner of desk)
Reminders...
- Having a Growth Mindset
Reflections...
- What Worked, What Didn't (Question in Classroom)
Introduction to Development
- FOLDABLE... Developmental Life Span and Dimensions
- Target DP1 - Understanding Development

Getting Started:
Agenda (1/11/18)... Early Development
Devices:
Chromebook (Phones in Bag/Backpack)
Materials:
Binder, utensils, Development Foldable/Chart
Please have Chromebook open to Classroom and find the post "Developmental Psychology Resources"
2nd Semester Calendar (and Snow Day Plan)
Review...
- Development Foldable/Chart - Social Dimension
Lesson...
- Target DP2 - Early Development and Attachment
- Lecture... Small Group Discussion
- Jigsaw - Attachment Types (Ainsworth)
Getting Started:
Agenda (1/16/18)... Social Development (Through Adolescence)
Devices:
Chromebook (Phones in Bag/Backpack)
Materials:
Binder, utensils
Please follow the directions in the "Social Development..." Question in Classroom
Review/Preview...
"Who Am I?" Questionnaire in Psych Sim
Lesson...
Complete Target DP2... Ainsworth's Attachment Styles
Target DP3 - Social Development (and Adolescence)
- Small Group Discussions - Identity/Identity "Crisis"
- Put it All Together: Attachment, Identity & Baumrind's
Parenting Styles
Getting Started:
Agenda (1/24/18)... Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
Devices:
Chromebook
(
Phone put away in bag for now)
Materials:
Binder, utensils
Please have Classroom open to the 'Development Resources' post
Review/Preview...
Set up for Studying Cognitive Development
Lesson...
Target DP4 - Cognitive Development
Small Group Demonstrations
- Based on Piaget's Stages of Cognitive Development
- Rotate "two by two" and teach each other
Introduce Target DP5 - Development of Moral Reasoning

Exam - Developmental Psych - Thursday, 1/25/18
Getting Started:
Agenda (1/26/18)... Review / Apply Kohlberg's Levels / Development Exam
Devices:
Phone
Materials:
Binder, utensils, Development Chart
Please 1) Sit where your answer sheet is; 2) have out the Development Chart we've filled in throughout the unit.
Review/Preview...
Finish 'Development Chart'... Cognitive + Moral
From Target DP5 - Apply Kohlberg's Levels
Exam - Developmental Psychology
Exam Preparation
Exam Procedure
1. Have pencil and/or pen on your desk along with Unit 4 Cover Page;
2. Phone/Electronics MUST NOT be on you as exam starts;
3. Seat is where your Zipgrade form is
1. Some Basics:
- DO NOT write on Multiple Choice
- Use pen or pencil on MC; pen preferred on FRQ
2. Complete Main Multiple Choice Part
- Targets DP1 - DP5
- Questions 1-25; 5 Questions per Target
- 18 Minutes
3. Complete Free Response Question (FRQ)
- Six Terms / Targets DP1 - DP5 (2 for DP3)
- 25 Minutes
4. No Reassessment
As boys with explosive tempers grow older, they are especially likely to have difficulty maintaining good jobs and happy marriages. This fact is most relevant to the issue of:
a. conventional or postconventional morality.
b. fluid or crystallized intelligence.
c. stability or change.
d. cross-sectional or longitudinal studies.
e. concrete or formal operations.
The "Stimulus" Question:
Full transcript