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The Impact of Augustus
Transcript of The Impact of Augustus
Augustus was considered to be the first emperor of the Roman empire. He was the successor to Julius Caesar after his assassination by the hands of Decimus Junius Brutus Albinus(Breaton). He was the adopted son of Julius Caesar. He is undoubtedly one of the most important figures in the history of Rome if not the most. He was the one who ended the downhill bound Republic and created a new basis for government which stretched out to last three whole centuries. It was not perfect but it did provide rulers which ruled over the Pax Romana. Augustus was ruthless and forgiving and very intelligent and always put the people of Rome before himself. A respected figure of history, "I find Rome in brick and I shall leave it in marble." he once said, and he most definitely meant it(experts123.com). Early Life
Augustus was born in Ox Head, a place in a Palatine Hill. He was the son of a man from Velitrae who was a praetor. He passed away when Augustus(then Octavian) was just four(roman-emperors.org). His mother, Atia was the daughter of Caesar's sister, Julia. The family connections between Octavian's mother linked through Caesar is what led him to his future. The relationship between young Octavian and Julius Caesar was not clear however it is said Caesar adopted him and trained him to be the heir to his throne once he was old enough. In 48 BC the young Octavian was accepted in to the ponifical college. Octavian began to follow the great leader like a groupie for Metallica and there he earned the respect of Caesar(roman-emperors.org). Octavian began slowly getting into politics over the years. When he heard about Julius Caesar's assassination he went to southern Italy where he learned more about the murder and his adoption as a child. He then was next in line to take Caesar's place. Why was Augustus so special?
Among all the other significant figures in Roman history Augustus definitely has the juiciest track record. Out of all the accomplishments Augustus made only three stand out from the rest. He reformed the Roman tax system to make it more honest. Another big one is the reformation of the Roman legal system where he wrote laws seperate to the laws that apply to Roman citizens. Lastly is the creation of the Pax Romana, the equivalent to the accomplishment of Obama to the U.S.A. He was also Julius Caesar's adopted child and the successor to his throne. Cute little cartoon(off the mark.com) The "Honest" Tax System
The tax reformation established by Augustus was a great one. He provided a fair taxing system for the Roman people by putting a large number of salaried civil service tax collectors(Breaton). This is probably the reason for trade being accelerated which was considered to be the backbone for the prosperity of Rome and another accomplishment on Augustus's resumé. This tax reform was a great success, it led to a substantial increase in revenue of Rome. It also stabalized the income from other provinces. He also tossed private taxation on farming which was a beautiful thing for farmers. Legal Reforms
Another accomplishment that Augustus had below his belt was the legal reforms that seperated the laws on Roman citizens and wrote new laws that applied only the people without citizenships. This was good because it was better organized while dealing with foreign offenders. Not much is said in detail about this reformation but that does not mean it was a not important. The "Golden Age" Pax Romana
The last but most definitely not least Pax Romana.
The Pax Romana is what made Augustus a huge figure
in Roman history, this is what made him so important.
The Pax Romana was a long period of time where is was
nothing but peace and minimal military expansion(britannica.com). The Pax Romana was definitely one of the greatest things that Rome ever saw. Peace may seem like an easy thing to attain but for Augustus it was no easy task. The idea of having minimal military expansion and no warfare was a big change for the Romans who were so used to being at war will foreign places for 200 years. Augustus had to persuade the Romans that the Pax Romana would be a great thing and explain the achievements that Rome could make without having to demolish another civilization. A hard task indeed however Augustus, in his utmost intelliegence won them over with skillful propaganda and his juicy words. The Long Term Effect
As mentioned before Augustus was a gem in the history of Rome.
He may have accomplished so much in his 40 years of power but that doesn't mean he was easily forgotten to civilizations after Rome.
Augustus kept the Republic in tact which was an inspiration for great emperors after him. Even today the common person will usually say they want world peace, this means that they wish for a Pax Romana.
Our government if based very much off of the Roman government and we all wish for our own little Pax Romana. In Conclusion...
Augustus was a great figure in history and most world leaders should base their methods off of Augustus's. He had many great accomplishments that changed the future of Rome. He reformed the taxes and abolished private farming taxes which created a beautiful increased flow of currency coming into Rome thanks to Augustus. He created seperate laws for non-citizens which was a great thing for organizing the two. Lastly was the Pax Romana which is really self explanitory, a long period of peace which was Rome's "Golden Age". Augustus was a great leader and definitely a symbol of Roman history and paved the way for Rome's prosperity. quizilla.teennick.com Bibliography
Tranquillus , C. Suetonius. "The Life of Augustus." penelope.uchicago.edu. Loeb Classical Library, 1913. Web. 3 Jun 2011. <http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Roman/Texts/Suetonius/12Caesars/Augustus*.html#8>.
"The Annals (Tacitus)/Book 1." wikisource.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 3 Jun 2011. <http://en.wikisource.org/wiki/The_Annals_(Tacitus)/Book_1#3>
"'Augustus' Gaius Julius Octavius." roman-empire.net. N.p., n.d. Web. 4 Jun 2011. <http://www.roman-empire.net/emperors/augustus-index.html>.
Chew, Robin. "Augustus." lucidcafe.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Jun 2011. <http://www.lucidcafe.com/library/95sep/augustus.html>.